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ORGANIZE AND MANAGE THE PROVISION OF MEDICAL CARE ON BOARD

admin 27 Apr 2023 11

ORGANIZE AND MANAGE THE PROVISION OF MEDICAL CARE ON BOARD

 

  1. what is the maximum recommended effective temperature for a full workload is an enclosed space taking into account the effects of exposure to heat exhaustion, heatstroke and dehydration? – 30,50C ET?
  2. A small amount of carbon dioxide will quickly result in: – Unconsciousness and death
  3. A burn may occur when electricity of high current and voltage passes through the body. Most damage occurs at the points of entry and exit of electricity. What is the treatment of electrical burns? – Place sterile dressing over the burn and secure with a bandage
  4. Which organs absorb oxygen and part with carbon dioxide? – The respiratory organs.
  5. A strain occurs when a muscle or group of muscles is over- stretched and possibly torn, by violent or sudden movement. Strain can be caused by lifting heavy weights incorrectly. The treatment of strain may be remembered as the word RICE. What is RICE an abbreviation for? – Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation
  6. What is the rate of inflations given until natural breathing is restored, after checked for open airway, given the first two inflations and checked the pulse to make sure that the heart is beating.? – 12 – 16 times per minute
  7. There are three levels of burning, namely:*Superficial *Intermediate*Deep burns (also called full-thickness burns) A large burn will almost certainly contain areas of all three grades. How many per cent of the body may be burned before the danger of shock occurs? – 15 percent.
  8. Asthma is a distressing condition in which the muscles of the air passage go into spasm. How can the asthma attacks be triggered off ? – Nervous tension, allergy, or none obvious cause.
  9. Which of the following statements concerning the reflection component of the AOR model is false? – Leaders are always aware of the value of reflection in leadership development
  10. Use a barrier device when giving rescue breaths to: – prevent transmission of infections
  11. What is the muscle which the most persevering one in the body? – the heart
  12. What is the first sign and symptom of a Cardiac Infarction? – Sudden crushing, vice-like pain in the centre of the chest
  13. If a person is unconscious from electric shock, you should first remove him from the electrical source and then – Determine if he is breathing
  14. Women leader’s interactive leadership style developed – Due to their socialization experiences and career paths
  15. A diabetic has eaten too little food and the person may feel dizzy and lightheaded. The skin becomes pale, with profuse sweating. Limbs may begin to tremble and pulse becomes rapid. The urine glucose reaction is negative. What kind of medicine will the person need as possible? – Sugar lump, sugar drink or something sweet
  16. Sun rays and light reflected from a bright surface (e.g sea), can use cause damage to the skin and eyes. What is this type of burn called? – Radiation burns.
  17. According to the text, which of the following statements is true? – Leadership and management have some unique functions with an area of overlap.
  18. A severe blow to or a heavy fall on the upper part of the abdomen (solar plexus) can upset the regularity of breathing. What is the symptoms and signs? Difficulty in breathing in and the casually may be unable to speak
  19. According to female executives. Which of the following factors least prevents women from advancing to corporate leadership? – Women not being in the pipeline long enough In any major injury to a person, first aid includes the treatment for the injury and  For traumatic shock
  20. What is Hypothermia and how is it cured? – Body temperature below 35C / Heat the body
  21. How long should you flush a victim’s eye with water if a chemical splashes in it? 20 minutes
  22. This type of medicine is needed if people with symptoms gradually feel more sleepy and thirsty, the skin and slimhinner become very dry and there is a sweet taste of breath and the glucose reaction shows positive. – Insulin
  23. Severe pains in the chest occur when the coronary arteries, which supply blood to the heart, become too narrow for sufficient oxygenated blood to reach the muscles of the heart. Normally these attacks only last a few minutes, and the pain stops if the casualty rests. What kind of medicine to be taken when an Angina Pectoris attack occurs? – Nitro glycerine tablets.
  24. Medico massages work for ? – Call an hospital for professional medical assistance by radio when needed
  25. You are part of a team of two First Aiders in a resuscitation situation. What is the rhythm of resuscitation with two First Aiders? – 5 compressions within every 1 inflations.
  26. A person slowly feels more sleepy and thirsty. The skin and slimhinner become very dry and there is a sweet taste of the breath. The glucose reaction shows positive. What kind of medicine will the person need as – Insulin
  27. Before CPR is started, you should – Established an open airway
  28. After a person has been revived by artificial respiration, he should be

Kept lying down and warm

  1. In which way may intake of poisoning material occur? – By inhaling, skin penetrating, skin absorbing and swallowing
  2. To protect yourself against all bloodborne diseases: – wear a face mask whenever giving

first aid

  1. Chemical burns in eyes or on the skin can cause severe damage. Some chemicals may be absorbed through the skin and cause widespread and sometimes fatal damage within the body. What is the first main treatment if someone is a victim of chemical burns? – Remove any contaminated clothing and flood the effected area with slowly running water.

Make sure that the contaminated water drains away freely and safety.

  1. What is the appropriate treatment for a victim who has a second degree burn on a small area of the forearm? – Immerse the arm in cold water for 1 to 2 hours, apply burn ointment, and bandage.
  2. Unfortunately an insect has become lodged in the ear. How to remove the insect? – gently flood the casualty’s ear with terpid water so that the insect will float out
  3. What is an indication that someone may be a drug smuggler? – The individual wears bulky or out of season clothing
  4. Water jel is a unique product regarding protection and first aid of burns. Water jel is delivered in different sizes. Biggest is a carpet with the size 182cm X 152 cm. what is the highest temperature the water Jel carpet is resistant against? – 1530 C
  5. What describes a kind of learning between the individual and the environment in which learners seek relatively little feedback that may significantly confront fundamental ideas or actions? – Single-loop learning
  6. A victim has suffered a second-degree burn to a small area of the lower arm. What is the proper treatment for this injury? – Immerse the arm in cold water for 1 to 2 hours, apply burn oinment, and bandage
  7. As with heat burns the damage of frostbite /hypothermia may be either superficial or deep, and the affected tissues may be destroyed. What kind of first aid should be given a person with frostbite ? Hand or body heat the affected parts skin-to-skin (e.g. frozen hand in persons opposite armpit…)
  8. Due to exposure to heat fatigue, heat stroke and dehydration, what is the maximum recommended effective temperature (ET) for full work load in enclosed spaces?

30.5°C ET?

  1. How do the human body absorb toxicants? – The human body absorb toxicants through respiration, skin and the aliment channel
  2. How will you treat a seasick person?

Leave him in bed or request him to have some fresh air.

  1. The FIRST treatment for a surface burn is to flood, bathe, or immerse the burned area in cold water
  2. When starting CPR on a drowning victim, you should:

begin mouth-to mouth ventilations as soon as possible

  1. Which statement about the hospital space on a cargo ship is TRUE? If a ship has a crew of forty-five who do not have their own room, the hospital must have four berths.
  2. If the patient vomits during mouth-to mouth resuscitation, the rescuer should FIRST turn the patient’s body to the side, sweep out the mouth and resume mouthto-mouth ventilation
  3. After sending a message describing the symptoms of an ill crew member, you receive a message containing the code MRL. This means Commence artificial respiration immediately
  4. Burns to the skin and eyes caused by sunlight and reflected light are? Radiation burns.
  5. What is the muscle which the most persevering one in the body? None of the mentioned
  6. What is a thermal protective aid ?

Special clothes that prevent a survivor from loosing heat

  1. According to a recent study, one of the general factors that explains the shift toward more women leader is that woman themselves have change it is evident in all, except : A trend toward less stereotypically masculine characterizations of leadership
  2. The symbolic message often intended by appointment of women to important leadership positions is evidence of the fact that – Culture has changed
  3. What do you call the method used for bone-soft part injuries ? – ICE-Methode
  4. Alternative actions that are prepared when the main planned action fails is the meaning of – Contingency plan
  5. One of the rules for implementing emergency drills according to SOLAS is

On board passenger ships lifeboat and fire drill must be carried out once a week or immediately after leaving the last port

  1. What of the following is the correct thing of you to do, if a person is in a state of shock? Treat and reassure the casualty and stay with the person at all times
  2. How does the human body absorb toxins ?

The human body absorb toxicants through respiration, skin and the aliment channel

  1. Which of the following statements about leaders versus managers is false? Leaders are thought to do things right, managers do the right things
  2. Precautions to be taken during testing and/or maintenance work on the CO2 system affecting the exhaust system and precautions to ensure that gas is not released into the engine compartment due to faults must be ensured are

The main supply line to be blanked off prior to the work

  1. Most male ceos attribute the paucity of women in corporate leadership roles to which of the following? Male stereotyping and preconceptions
  2. To check a victim for life-treatening bleeding in the initial assessment: Check for blood-saturated clothing or blood pooled under the body

What term did Rosener coin to describe how some women leaders encouraged participation and shared power and information, but went far beyond what is commonly thought of as participative management?    Interactive Leadership

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