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SOLAS Chapter III, IV & V Life-saving appliances and arrangements

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CHAPTER
III

Life-saving
appliances and arrangements

PART A-GENERAL

Regulation
1

Application

1 Unless expressly provided
otherwise, this chapter shall apply to ships the keels of which are laid or
which are at a similar stage of construction on or after 1 July 1998.

2 For the purpose of this chapter the
term a similar stage of construction means the stage at which:

.1 construction identifiable with a
specific ship begins;and

.2 assembly of that ship has
commenced comprising at least 50 tonnes or 1% of the estimated mass of all
structural material, whichever is less.

3 For the purpose of this chapter:

.1 the expression ships constructed
means ships the keels of which are laid or which are at a similar stage of
construction ;

.2 the expression all ships means
ships constructed before, on or after 1 July 1998; the expressions all
passenger ships and all cargo ships shall be construed accordingly;

.3 a cargo ship, whenever built,
which is converted to a passenger ship shall be treated as a passenger ship constructed
on the date on which such a conversion commences.

4 For ships constructed before 1 July
1998, the Administration shall:( Replaced by
Res.MSC.421(98))

.1 ensure that, subject to the
provisions of paragraph 4.2, the requirements which are applicable under
chapter III of the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea,
1974, in force prior to 1 July 1998 to new or existing ships as

prescribed by that chapter are
complied with;

.2 ensure that when life-saving
appliances or arrangements on such ships are replaced or such ships undergo
repairs, alterations or modifications of a major character which involve
replacement of, or any addition to, their existing lifesaving

appliances or arrangements, such
life-saving appliances or arrangements, in so far as is reasonable and
practicable, comply with the requirements of this chapter. However, if a
survival craft other than an inflatable liferaft is

replaced without replacing its
launching appliance, or vice versa, the survival craft or launching appliance
may be of the same type as that replaced; and

.3 ensure that the requirements of
regulations 30.3 and 37.3.9 are complied with.

Refer to IACS UI SC226 IACS Unified Interpretations (UI)
for the application of SOLAS regulations to conversions of Single Hull Tanker
to Double Hull Tanker or Bulk Carrier/Ore Carrier

5 Notwithstanding paragraph 4.2, for
all ships, not later than the first scheduled dry-docking after 1 July 2014,
but not later than 1 July 2019, lifeboat on-load release mechanisms not complying
with paragraphs 4.4.7.6.4 to 4.4.7.6.6 of the

Code shall be replaced with equipment
that complies with the Code.*

* Refer to the Guidelines for
evaluation and replacement of lifeboat release and retrieval systems (
MSC.1/Circ.1392).

Refer to MSC.1/Circ.1445 CLARIFICATION
OF THE TERM “FIRST SCHEDULED DRY-DOCKING” AS CONTAINED IN SOLAS
REGULATION III/1.5, AS AMENDED BY
RESOLUTION MSC.317(89)

( added by Res.MSC.317(89))

Title SOLAS 1996-1998 Amend / Chapter III / Reg. 2

Effective Date 1-7-1998

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-7-1998

Regulation
2

Exemptions

1 The Administration may, if it
considers that the sheltered nature and conditions of the voyage are such as to
render the application of any specific requirements of this chapter unreasonable
or unnecessary, exempt from those

requirements individual ships or
classes of ships which, in the course of their voyage, do not proceed more than
20 miles from the nearest land.

2 In the case of passenger ships
which are employed in special trades for the carriage of large numbers of
special trade passengers, such as the pilgrim trade, the Administration, if
satisfied that it is impracticable to enforce compliance with

the requirements of this chapter, may
exempt such ships from those requirements, provided that such ships comply
fully with the provisions of :

.1 the rules annexed to the Special
Trade Passenger Ships Agreement, 1971;and

.2 the rules annexed to the Protocol
on Space Requirements for Special Trade Passenger Ships, 1973.

Title SOLAS 2016 Amend (96th) / Chapter III / Reg. 3

Effective Date 1-1-2020

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-1-2020

Note New installation and replacement of life-saving appliances or
arrangement, in so far as in reasonable and practicable, comply with the New
requirements according to

its installation or replacement date.

Regulation 3

Definitions

For
the purpose of this chapter, unless expressly provided otherwise:

1
“Anti-exposure suit” is a protective suit designed for use by rescue
boat crews and marine evacuation system parties.

2
“Certificated person” is a person who holds a certificate of
proficiency in survival craft issued under the authority of, or recognized as
valid by, the Administration in accordance with the requirements of the
International Convention on

Standards
of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers, in Force;or a person
who holds a certificate issued or recognized by the Administration of a State
not a Party to that Convention for the same purpose as the convention

certificate.

3
“Detection” is the determination of the location of survivors or
survival craft.

4
“Embarkation ladder” is the ladder provided at survival craft
embarkation stations to permit safe access to survival craft after launching.

5
“Float-free launching” is that method of launching a survival craft
whereby the craft is automatically released from a sinking ship and is ready
for use.

6
“Free-fall launching” is that method of launching a survival craft
whereby the craft with its complement of persons and equipment on board is
released and allowed to fall into the sea without any restraining apparatus.

7
“Immersion suit” is a protective suit which reduces the body heatless
of a person wearing it in cold water.

8
“Inflatable appliance” is an appliance which depends upon non-rigid,
gas-filled chambers for buoyancy and which is normally kept uninflated until
ready for use.

9
“Inflated appliance” is an appliance which depends upon non-rigid,
gas-filled chambers for buoyancy and which is kept inflated and ready for use
at all times.

10
“International Life-Saving Appliance(LSA) Code”(referred to as
“the Code” in this chapter) means the International Life-Saving
Appliance(LSA) Code adopted by the Maritime Safety Committee of the
Organization by resolution

MSC.48(66),
as it may be amended by the Organization, provided that such amendments are
adopted, brought into force and take effect in accordance with the provisions
of article VIII of the present Convention concerning the amendment

procedures
applicable to the Annex other than chapter I.

11
“Launching appliance or arrangement” is a means of transferring a
survival craft or rescue boat from its stowed position safely to the water.

12
“Length” is 96% of the total length on a waterline at 85% of the
least moulded depth measured from the top of the keel, or the length from the
fore-side of the stem to the axis of the rudder stock on that waterline, if
that be greater. In

ships
designed with a rake of keel the waterline on which this is measured shall be
parallel to the designed waterline.

13
“Lightest sea-going condition” is the loading condition with the ship
on even keel, without cargo, with 10% stores and fuel remaining and in the case
of a passenger ship with the full number of passengers and crew and their luggage.

Refer
to MSC.1/Circ.1468 Unified Interpretation of Paragraph 1.1.4 of the LSA Code

Refer
to IACS UI SC248 Greatest Launching Height for a Free-Fall Lifeboat (LSA Code
1.1.4)

14
“Marine evacuation system” is an appliance for the rapid transfer of
persons from the embarkation deck of a ship to a floating survival craft.

15
“Moulded depth”

.1
The moulded depth is the vertical distance measured from the top of the keel to
the top of the freeboard deck beam a side. In wood and composite ships the
distance is measured from the lower edge of the keel rabbet. Where the form

at
the lower part of the midship section is of a hollow character, or where thick
garboards are fitted, the distance is measured from the point where the line of
the flat of the bottom continued inwards cuts the side of the keel.

.2
In ships having rounded gunwales, the moulded depth shall be measured to the
point of intersection of the moulded lines of the deck and side shell plating,
the lines extending as though the gunwale were of angular design.

.3
Where the freeboard deck is stepped and the raised part of the deck extends
over the point at which the moulded depth is to be determined, the moulded
depth shall be measured to a line of reference extending from the lower part of

the
deck along a line parallel with the raised part.

16
“Novel life-saving appliance or arrangement” is a life-saving
appliance or arrangement which embodies new features not fully covered by the
provisions of this chapter or the Code but which provides an equal or higher
standard of safety.

17
“Positive stability” is the ability of a craft to return to its
original position after the removal of a heeling moment.

18
“Recovery time” for a rescue boat is the time required to raise the
boat to a position where persons on board can disembark to the deck of the
ship. Recovery time includes the time required to make preparations for
recovery on board

the
rescue boat such as passing and securing a painter, connecting the rescue boat
to the launching appliance, and the time to raise the rescue boat. Recovery
time does not include the time needed to lower the launching appliance into

position
to recover the rescue boat.

19
“Rescue boat” is a boat designed to rescue persons in distress and to
marshal survival craft.

20
“Retrieval” is the safe recovery of survivors.

21
“Ro-ro passenger ship” means a passenger ship with ro-ro cargo spaces
or special category spaces as defined in regulation II-2/3.

22
“Short international voyage” is an international voyage in the course
of which a ship is not more than 200 miles from a port or place in which the
passengers and crew could be placed in safety. Neither the distance between the
last port

of
call in the country in which the voyage begins and the final port of
destination nor the return voyage shall exceed 600 miles. The final port of
destination is the last port of call in the scheduled voyage at which the ship
commences its

return
voyage to the country in which the voyage began.

23
“Survival craft” is a craft capable of sustaining the lives of
persons in distress from the time of abandoning the ship.

24
“Thermal protective aid” is a bag or suit made of waterproof material
with low thermal conductances.

25
Requirements for maintenance, thorough examination, operational testing, overhaul
and repair means the Requirements for maintenance, thorough examination,
operational testing, overhaul and repair of lifeboats and rescue boats,

launching
appliances and release gear, adopted by the Maritime Safety Committee of the
Organization by resolution MSC.402(96), as may be amended by the Organization,
provided that such amendments are adopted, brought into force

and
take effect in accordance with the provisions of article VIII of the present
Convention concerning the amendment procedures applicable to the annex other
than chapter I.( Added by Res.MSC.404(96))

Title SOLAS 2006 Amend / Chapter III / Reg. 4

Effective Date 1-7-2010

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-7-2010

Note

– Life-saving appliances or
arrangements replaced or added to existing life-saving appliances or
arrangements, in so far as is reasonable and practicable, are required

to comply with the applicable
requirements of SOLAS chapter III and LSA code. However, if a survival craft
other than an inflatable liferaft is replaced without

replacing its launching appliance, or
vice versa, the survival craft or launching appliance may be of the same type
as that replaced.

Regulation
4

Evaluation,
testing and approval of life-saving appliances and arrangements

1 Except as provided in paragraphs 5
and 6, life-saving appliances and arrangements required by this chapter shall
be approved by the Administration.

2 Before giving approval to
life-saving appliances and arrangements, the Administration shall ensure that
such life-saving appliances and arrangements:

.1 are tested, to confirm that they
comply with the requirements of this chapter and the Code, in accordance with
the recommendations of the Organization*;or

* Refer to the Recommendation on
Testing of Life-Saving Appliances adopted by the Organization by
resolution A.689(17). For
life-saving appliances installed on board on or after 1 July 1999, refer to the
Revised Recommendations on

testing of life-saving appliances
adopted by the Maritime Safety Committee of the Organization by
resolution MSC.81(70)

.2 have successfully undergone, to
the satisfaction of the Administration, tests which are substantially
equivalent to those specified in those recommendations.

3 Before giving approval to novel
life-saving appliances or arrangements, the Administration shall ensure that
such:

.1 appliances provide safety
standards at least equivalent to the requirements of this chapter and the Code
and have been evaluated and tested based on the guidelines developed by the
Organization*; or

* Refer to the Code of Practice for
the Evaluation, Testing and Acceptance of Prototype Novel Life-Saving
Appliances and Arrangements adopted by the Organization by
resolution A.520(13).

.2 arrangements have successfully
undergone an engineering analysis, evaluation and approval in accordance with
regulation 38.

( Replaced by Res.MSC.216(82) )

4 Procedures adopted by the
Administration for approval shall also include the conditions whereby approval
would continue or would be withdrawn.

5 Before accepting life-saving
appliances and arrangements that have not been previously approved by the
Administration, the Administration shall be satisfied that life-saving
appliances and arrangements comply with the requirements of

this chapter and the Code.

6 Life-saving appliances required by
this chapter for which detailed specifications are not included in the Code
shall be to the satisfaction of the Administration.

Title SOLAS 1996-1998 Amend / Chapter III / Reg. 5

Effective Date 1-7-1998

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-7-1998

Note

– Life-saving appliances or
arrangements replaced or added to existing life-saving appliances or
arrangements, in so far as is reasonable and practicable, are required

to comply with the applicable
requirements of SOLAS chapter III and LSA code. However, if a survival craft
other than an inflatable liferaft is replaced without

replacing its launching appliance, or
vice versa, the survival craft or launching appliance may be of the same type
as that replaced.

Regulation
5

Production
tests

The Administration shall require
life-saving appliances to be subjected to such production tests as are
necessary to ensure that the life-saving appliances are manufactured to the
same standard as the approved prototype.

Title SOLAS 1996-1998 Amend / Chapter III / Reg. 6.1

Effective Date 1-7-1998

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-7-1998

Retroactive Retroactive Requirement for Existing Ships.

PART
B-REQUIREMENTS FOR SHIPS AND

LIFE-SAVING
APPLIANCES

SECTION
I-PASSENGER SHIPS AND CARGO SHIPS

Regulation
6

Communications

1 Paragraph 2 applies to all
passenger ships and to all cargo ships of 300 gross tonnage and upwards.

Title SOLAS 1996-1998 Amend / Chapter III / Reg. 6.2.1

Effective Date 1-7-1998

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-7-1998

Retroactive Retroactive Requirement for Existing Ships.

Note Life-saving appliances or arrangements replaced or added to
existing life-saving appliances or arrangements, in so far as is reasonable and
practicable, are required to

comply with the applicable
requirements of SOLAS chapter III and LSA code.

2 Radio life-saving appliances

2.1 Two-way VHF radiotelephone
apparatus

2.1.1 At least three two-way VHF radiotelephone
apparatus shall be provided on every passenger ship and on every cargo ship of
500 gross tonnage and upwards. At least two two-way VHF radiotelephone
apparatus shall be provided

on every cargo ship of 300 gross
tonnage and upwards but less than 500 gross tonnage. Such apparatus shall
conform to performance standards not inferior to those adopted by the
Organization.* If a fixed twoway VHF

radiotelephone apparatus is fitted in
a survival craft it shall conform to performance standards not inferior to
those adopted by Organization.*

* Refer to the Performance
Standards for Survival Craft Two-Way VHF Radiotelephone Apparatus, adopted by
the Organization by resolution
A.809(19), as it may be amended, annex 1 or annex 2 as applicable, and resolution

MSC.149(77).

2.1.2 Two-way VHF radiotelephone
apparatus provided on board ships prior to 1 February 1992 and not complying
fully with the performance standards adopted by the Organization may be
accepted by the Administration until 1

February 1999 provided the
Administration is satisfied that are compatible with approved two-way VHF
radiotelephone apparatus.

Title SOLAS 2008 Amend / Chapter III / Reg. 6.2.2

Effective Date 1-1-2010

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-1-2010

Retroactive Retroactive Requirement for Existing Ships.

Note – Life-saving appliances or arrangements replaced or added to
existing life-saving appliances or arrangements, in so far as is reasonable and
practicable, are required

to comply with the applicable
requirements of SOLAS chapter III and LSA code.

2.2 Search and rescue locating
devices

At least one search and rescue
locating device shall be carried on each side of every passenger ship and of
every cargo ship of 500 gross tonnage and upwards. At least one search and
rescue locating device shall be carried on every

cargo ship of 300 gross tonnage and
upwards but less than 500 gross tonnage. Such search and rescue locating
devices shall conform to the applicable performance standards not inferior to
those adopted by the Organization*. The

search and rescue locating devices**
shall be stowed in such location that they can be rapidly placed in any
survival craft other than the liferaft or liferafts required by regulation
31.1.4. Alternatively one search and rescue locating device

shall be stowed in each survival
craft other than those required by regulation 31.1.4. On ships carrying at
least two search and rescue locating devices and equipped with free-fall
lifeboats one of the search and rescue locating devices

shall be stowed in a free-fall
lifeboat and the other located in the immediate vicinity of the navigation
bridge so that it can be utilized on board and ready for transfer to any of the
other survival craft.

* Refer to the Recommendation on
performance standards for survival craft radar transponders for use in search
and rescue operations, adopted by the Organization by
resolution MSC.247(83) (A.802(19)), as amended) and the

Recommendation on performance
standards for survival craft AIS Search and Rescue transmitter (AIS SART), adopted
by the Organization by
resolution MSC.246(83).

** One of these search and rescue
locating devices may be the search and rescue locating device required by
regulation IV/7.1.3.

( Replaced by Res.MSC.256(84) )

Title SOLAS 1996-1998 Amend / Chapter III / Reg. 6.3

Effective Date 1-7-1998

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-7-1998

Note Life-saving appliances or arrangements replaced or added to
existing life-saving appliances or arrangements, in so far as is reasonable and
practicable, are required to

comply with the applicable
requirements of SOLAS chapter III and LSA code.

3 Distress flares

Not less than 12 rocket parachute
flares, complying with the requirements of section 3.1 of the Code, shall be
carried and be stowed on or near the navigation bridge.

Title SOLAS 2006 Amend / Chapter III / Reg. 6.4

Effective Date 1-7-2008

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-7-2008

Note – Life-saving appliances or arrangements replaced or added to
existing life-saving appliances or arrangements, in so far as is reasonable and
practicable, are required

to comply with the applicable
requirements of SOLAS chapter III and LSA code.

4 On-board communications and alarm
systems

4.1 An emergency means comprised of
either fixed or portable equipment or both shall be provided for two-way
communications between emergency control stations, muster and embarkation stations
and strategic positions on board.

4.2 A general emergency alarm system
complying with the requirements of paragraph 7.2.1 of the Code shall be
provided and shall be used for summoning passengers and crew to muster stations
and to initiate the actions included in

the muster list. The system shall be
supplemented by either a public address system complying with the requirements
of paragraph 7.2.2 of the Code or other suitable means of communication.
Entertainment sound systems shall

automatically be turned off when the
general emergency alarm system is activated.

Refer to MSC.1/Circ.1418 GUIDELINES FOR THE DESIGN AND
INSTALLATION OF A VISIBLE ELEMENT TO THE GENERAL EMERGENCY ALARM ON PASSENGER
SHIPS

4.3 The general emergency alarm
system shall be audible throughout all the accommodation and normal crew
working spaces. On passenger ships, the system shall also be audible on all
open decks. ( Replaced

by Res.MSC.216(82))

4.4 On ships fitted with a marine
evacuation system communication between the embarkation station and the
platform or the survival craft shall be ensured.

Title SOLAS 1996-1998 Amend / Chapter III / Reg. 6.5

Effective Date 1-7-1998

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-7-1998

Retroactive Retroactive Requirement for Existing Ships.

Note

– With respect to passenger ships
constructed before 1 July 1997 the requirements of para. 5.2 and 5.4, subject
to the provisions of para. 5.5, shall apply.

– Life-saving appliances or
arrangements replaced or added to existing life-saving appliances or arrangements,
in so far as is reasonable and practicable, are required

to comply with the applicable
requirements of SOLAS chapter III and LSA code.

5 Public address systems on passenger
ships

5.1 In addition to the requirements
of regulation II-2/40.5 or regulation II-2/ 41-2*, as appropriate, and of
paragraph 6.4.2, all passenger ships shall be fitted with a public address
system. With respect to passenger ships constructed

before 1 July 1997 the requirements
of paragraphs 5.2 and 5.4, subject to the provisions of paragraph 5.5, shall
apply not later than the date of the first periodical survey after 1 July 1997.

* These relate to the chapter II-2
in force before 1 July 2002. The equivalent for each in the amended chapter
II-2 is 12.3.

5.2 The public address system shall
be clearly audible above the ambient noise in all spaces, prescribed by
paragraph 7.2.2.1 of the Code, and shall be provided with an override function
controlled from one location on the navigation

bridge and such other places on board
as the Administration deems necessary, so that all emergency messages will be
broadcast if any loudspeaker in the spaces concerned has been switched off, its
volume has been turned down or the

public address system is used for
other purposes.

5.3 On passenger ships constructed on
or after 1 July 1997:

.1 the public address system shall
have at least two loops which shall be sufficiently separated throughout their
length and have two separate and independent amplifier s;and

.2 the public address system and its
performance standards shall be approved by the Administration having regard to
the recommendations adopted by the Organization.**

** Refer to MSC/Circ. 808, Recommendation on performance
standards for public address systems on passenger ships, including cabling.

5.4 The public address system shall
be connected to the emergency source of electrical power required by regulation
II-1/42.2.2.

5.5 Ships constructed before 1 July
1997 which are already fitted with the public address system approved by the
Administration which complies substantially with those required by paragraphs
5.2 and 5.4 and paragraph 7.2.2.1 of the

Code are not required to change their
system.

Title SOLAS 2006 Amend / Chapter III / Reg. 7

Effective Date 1-7-2010

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-7-2010

Note

– Refer to MSC.1/Circ.1304 for
GUIDANCE FOR APPLICATION OF SOLAS REGULATION III/7, AS AMENDED BY RESOLUTION
MSC.201(81).

– Life-saving appliances or
arrangements replaced or added to existing life-saving appliances or
arrangements, in so far as is reasonable and practicable, are required

to comply with the applicable
requirements of SOLAS chapter III and LSA code. However, if a survival craft
other than an inflatable liferaft is replaced without

replacing its launching appliance, or
vice versa, the survival craft or launching appliance may be of the same type
as that replaced.

Regulation
7

Personal
life-saving appliances

1 Lifebuoys

1.1 Lifebuoys complying with the
requirements of paragraph 2.1.1 of the Code shall be:

.1 so distributed as to be readily
available on both sides of the ship and as far as practicable on all open decks
extending to the ship’s side;at least one shall be placed in the vicinity of
the stern;and

.2 so stowed as to be capable of
being rapidly cast loose, and not permanently secured in any way.

1.2 At least one lifebuoy on each
side of the ship shall be fitted with a buoyant lifeline complying with the
requirements of paragraph 2.1.4 of the Code equal in length to not less than
twice the height at which it is stowed above the

waterline in the lightest seagoing
condition, or 30 m, whichever is the greater.

1.3 Not less than one half of the
total number of lifebuoys shall be provided with lifebuoy self-igniting lights
complying with the requirements of paragraph 2.1.2 of the Code, not less than
two of these shall also be provided with lifebuoy

self-activating smoke signals
complying with the requirements of paragraph 2.1.3 of the Code and be capable
of quick release from the navigation bridge;lifebuoys with lights and those
with lights and smoke signals shall be equally

distributed on both sides of the ship
and shall not be the lifebuoys provided with lifelines in compliance with the
requirements of paragraph 1.2.

1.4 Each lifebuoy shall be marked in
block capitals of the Roman alphabet with the name and port of registry of the
ship on which it is carried.

2 Lifejackets

2.1 A lifejacket complying with the
requirements of paragraph 2.2.1 or 2.2.2 of the Code shall be provided for
every person on board the ship and, in addition:

.1 for passenger ships on voyages
less than 24 h, a number of infant lifejackets equal to at least 2.5% of the
number of passengers on board shall be provided; (
Added by Res.MSC.201(81))

.2 for passenger ships on voyages 24
h or greater, infant lifejackets shall be provided for each infant on board; (
Added by Res.MSC.201(81))

.3 a number of lifejackets suitable for children equal to at least
10% of the number of passengers on board shall be provided or such greater
number as may be required to provide a lifejacket for each child;

.4 a sufficient number of lifejackets shall be carried for persons on
watch and for use at remotely located survival craft stations. The lifejackets
carried for persons on watch should be stowed on the bridge, in the engine
control room

and at any other manned watch
station; and

Refer to the IACS UI SC213 Arrangements for remotely located
survival craft

.5 if the adult lifejackets provided
are not designed to fit persons weighing up to 140 kg and with a chest girth of
up to 1,750 mm, a sufficient number of suitable accessories shall be available
on board to allow them to be secured to

such persons. ( Added by Res.MSC.201(81))

2.2 Lifejackets shall be so placed as
to be readily accessible and their position shall be plainly indicated. Where,
due to the particular arrangements of the ship, the lifejackets provided in
compliance with the requirements of paragraph 2.1

may become inaccessible, alternative
provisions shall be made to the satisfaction of the Administration which may
include an increase in the number of Lifejackets to be carried.

2.3 The lifejackets used in totally
enclosed lifeboats, except free-fall lifeboats, shall not impede entry into the
lifeboat or seating, including operation of the seat belts in the lifeboat.

2.4 Lifejackets selected for
free-fall lifeboats, and the manner in which they are carried or worn, shall
not interfere with entry into the lifeboat, occupant safety or operation of the
lifeboat.

3 Immersion suits and anti-exposure
suits

An immersion suit, complying with the
requirements of section 2.3 of the Code or an anti-exposure suit complying with
section 2.4 of the Code, of an appropriate size, shall be provided for every
person assigned to crew the rescue boat

or assigned to the marine evacuation
system party. If the ship is constantly engaged in warm climates* where, in the
opinion of the Administration thermal protection is unnecessary, this
protective clothing need not be carried.

* Refer to MSC/Circ.1046, Guidelines for the assessment of
thermal protection.

Title SOLAS 1996-1998 Amend / Chapter III / Reg. 8

Effective Date 1-7-1998

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-7-1998

Retroactive Retroactive Requirement for Existing Ships.

Regulation
8

Muster
list and emergency instructions

1 This regulation applies to all
ships.

2 Clear instructions to be followed
in the event of an emergency shall be provided for every person on board. In
the case of passenger ships these instructions shall be drawn up in the
language or languages required by the ship’s flag State

and in the English language.

3 Muster lists and emergency
instructions complying with the requirements of regulation 37 shall be
exhibited in conspicuous places throughout the ship including the navigation
bridge, engine-room and crew accommodation spaces.

4 Illustrations and instructions in
appropriate languages shall be posted in passenger cabins and be conspicuously
displayed at muster stations and other passenger spaces to inform passengers
of:

.1 their muster station;

.2 the essential actions they must
take in an emergency;and

.3 the method of donning lifejackets.

Title SOLAS 1996-1998 Amend / Chapter III / Reg. 9

Effective Date 1-7-1998

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-7-1998

Retroactive Retroactive Requirement for Existing Ships.

Regulation
9

Operating
instructions

1 This regulation applies to all
ships.

2 Posters or signs shall be provided
on or in the vicinity of survival craft and their launching controls and shall:

.1 illustrate the purpose of controls
and the procedures for operating the appliance and give relevant instructions
or warnings;

.2 be easily seen under emergency
lighting conditions;and

.3 use symbols in accordance with the
recommendations of the Organization.*

* Refer to the Symbols Related to
Life-Saving Appliances and Arrangements adopted by the Organization by
resolution A.760(18) , as amended
by
resolution MSC.82(70) (MSC/Circ.1046).

Title SOLAS 1996-1998 Amend / Chapter III / Reg. 10

Effective Date 1-7-1998

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-7-1998

Retroactive Retroactive Requirement for Existing Ships.

Regulation
10

Manning
of survival craft and supervision

1 This regulation applies to all
ships.

2 There shall be a sufficient number
of trained persons on board for mustering and assisting untrained persons.

3 There shall be a sufficient number
of crew members, who may be deck officers or certificated persons, on board for
operating the survival craft and launching arrangements required for
abandonment by the total number of persons on

board.

4 A deck officer or certificated
person shall be placed in charge of each survival craft to be used. However,
the Administration, having due regard to the nature of the voyage, the number
of persons on board and the characteristics of the

ship, may permit persons practised in
the handling and operation of liferafts to be placed in charge of liferafts in
lieu of persons qualified as above. A second-in-command shall also be nominated
in the case of lifeboats.

5 The person in charge of the
survival craft shall have a list of the survival craft crew and shall see that
the crew under his command are acquainted with their duties. In lifeboats the
second-in-command shall also have a list of the lifeboat

crew.

6 Every motorized survival craft
shall have a person assigned who is capable of operating the engine and
carrying out minor adjustments.

7 The master shall ensure the
equitable distribution of persons referred to in paragraphs 2, 3 and 4 among
the ship’s survival craft.

Title SOLAS 2006 Amend / Chapter III / Reg. 11

Effective Date 1-7-2008

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-7-2008

Note

– Life-saving appliances or
arrangements replaced or added to existing life-saving appliances or
arrangements, in so far as is reasonable and practicable, are required

to comply with the applicable
requirements of SOLAS chapter III and LSA code. However, if a survival craft
other than an inflatable liferaft is replaced without

replacing its launching appliance, or
vice versa, the survival craft or launching appliance may be of the same type
as that replaced.

Regulation
11

Survival
craft muster and embarkation arrangements

1 Lifeboats and liferafts for which
approved launching appliances are required shall be stowed as close to
accommodation and service spaces as possible.

2 Muster stations shall be provided
close to the embarkation stations. Each muster station shall have sufficient
clear deck space to accommodate all persons assigned to muster at that station,
but at least 0.35m²per person.

3 Muster and embarkation stations
shall be readily accessible from accommodation and work areas.

4 Muster and embarkation stations
shall be adequately illuminated by lighting supplied from the emergency source
of electrical power required by regulation II-1/42 or II-1/43, as appropriate.

Refer to the IACS UI SC213 Arrangements for remotely located
survival craft

5 Alleyways, stairways and exits
giving access to the muster and embarkation stations shall be lighted. Such
lighting shall be capable of being supplied by the emergency source of
electrical power required by regulation II-1/42 or II-1/43,

as appropriate. In addition to and as
part of the markings required under regulation II-2/28.1.10*, routes to muster
stations shall be indicated with the muster station symbol, intended for that
purpose, in accordance with the

recommendations of the
Organization.**

* This relates to the chapter II-2
in force before 1 July 2002. The equipvalent in the amended chapter II-2 is
13.3.2.5.1.

** Refer to the Symbols related to
Life-Saving Appliances and Arrangements adopted by the Organization by
resolutions A.760(18) , as amended
by
resolution MSC.82(70) , and to the Guidelines for the evaluation, testing and
application

of low-location lighting on
passenger ships adopted by the Organization by
resolution A.752(18) .

6 Davit-launched and free-fall
launched survival craft muster and embarkation stations shall be so arranged as
to enable stretcher cases to be placed in survival craft.

7 An embarkation ladder complying
with the requirements of paragraph 6.1.6 of the Code extending, in a single
length, from the deck to the waterline in the lightest seagoing condition under
all conditions of trim of up to 10° and a list of up

to 20° either way shall be
provided at each embarkation station or at every two adjacent embarkation
stations for survival craft launched down the side of the ship. ( Amended
by
Res.MSC.216(82))

Refer to the IACS UI SC213 Arrangements for remotely located
survival craft

However, the Administration may
permit such ladders to be replaced by approved devices to afford access to the
survival craft when waterborne, provided that there shall be at least one
embarkation ladder on each side of the ship. Other

means of embarkation enabling descent
to the water in a controlled manner may be permitted for the liferafts required
by regulation 31.1.4

8 Where necessary, means shall be
provided for bringing the davit-launched survival craft against the ship’s side
and holding them alongside so that persons can be safely embarked.

Title SOLAS 1996-1998 Amend / Chapter III / Reg. 12

Effective Date 1-7-1998

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-7-1998

Note

Life-saving appliances or
arrangements replaced or added to existing life-saving appliances or
arrangements, in so far as is reasonable and practicable, are required to

comply with the applicable
requirements of SOLAS chapter III and LSA code. However, if a survival craft
other than an inflatable liferaft is replaced without replacing

its launching appliance, or vice
versa, the survival craft or launching appliance may be of the same type as
that replaced.

Regulation
12

Launching
stations

Launching stations shall be in such
positions as to ensure safe launching having particular regard to clearance
from the propeller and steeply overhanging portions of the hull and so that, as
far as possible, survival craft, except survival craft

specially designed for free-fall
launching, can be launched down the straight side of the ship. If positioned
forward, they shall be located abaft the collision bulkhead in a sheltered
position and, in this respect, the Administration shall give

special consideration to the strength
of the launching appliance.

Title SOLAS 1996-1998 Amend / Chapter III / Reg. 13

Effective Date 1-7-1998

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-7-1998

Note

– Paragraph 13.4 should apply to the
ro-ro passenger ships retroactively in accordance with SOLAS 96 Amend / III /
Reg. 26.2.2.

– Life-saving appliances or
arrangements replaced or added to existing life-saving appliances or
arrangements, in so far as is reasonable and practicable, are required

to comply with the applicable
requirements of SOLAS chapter III and LSA code. However, if a survival craft
other than an inflatable liferaft is replaced without

replacing its launching appliance, or
vice versa, the survival craft or launching appliance may be of the same type
as that replaced.

Regulation
13

Stowage
of survival craft

1 Each survival craft shall be stowed
:

.1 so that neither the survival craft
nor its stowage arrangements will interfere with the operation of any other
survival craft or rescue boat at any other launching station;

.2 as near the water surface as is
safe and practicable and, in the case of a survival craft other than an
liferaft intended for throw over board launching, in such a position that the
survival craft in the embarkation position is not less than

2 m above the waterline with the ship
in the fully loaded condition under unfavourable conditions of trim of up to
10°and listed up to 20°either way, or to the angle at which the ship’s weather
deck edge becomes submerged, whichever is

less;

.3 in a state of continuous readiness
so that two crew members can carry out preparations for embarkation and launching
in less than 5 min;

.4 fully equipped as required by this
chapter and the Code;and

.5 as far as practicable, in a secure
and sheltered position and protected from damage by fire and explosion. In
particular, survival craft on tankers, other than the liferafts required by
regulation 31.1.4, shall not be stowed on or above a

cargo tank, slop tank, or other tank
containing explosive or hazardous cargoes.

2 Lifeboats for lowering down the
ship’s side shall be stowed as far forward of the propeller as practicable. On
cargo ships of 80 m in length and upwards but less than 120 m in length, each
lifeboat shall be so stowed that the after end of

the lifeboat is not less than the
length of the lifeboat forward of the propeller. On cargo ships of 120 m in length
and upwards and passenger ships of 80 m in length and upwards, each lifeboat
shall be so stowed that the after end of the

lifeboat is not less than 1.5 times
the length of the lifeboat forward of the propeller. Where appropriate, the
ship shall be so arranged that lifeboats, in their stowed positions, are
protected from damage by heavy seas.

3 Lifeboats shall be stowed attached
to launching appliances.

4.1 Every liferaft shall be stowed
with its painter permanently attached to the ship.

4.2 Each liferaft or group of
liferafts shall be stowed with a float-free arrangement complying with the
requirements of paragraph 4.1.6 of the Code so that each floats free and, if
inflatable, inflates automatically when the ship sinks.

4.3 Liferafts shall be so stowed as
to permit manual release of one raft or container at a time from their securing
arrangements.

4.4 Paragraphs 4.1 and 4.2 do not
apply to liferafts required by regulation 31.1.4.

5 Davit-launched liferafts shall be
stowed within reach of the lifting hooks, unless some means of transfer is
provided which is not rendered inoperable within the limits of trim and list
prescribed in paragraph 1.2 or by ship motion or power

failure.

6 Liferafts intended for
throw-overboard launching shall be so stowed as to be readily transferable for
launching on either side of the ship unless liferafts, of the aggregate
capacity required by regulation 31.1 to be capable of being launched

on either side, are stowed on each
side of the ship.

Title SOLAS 2006 Amend / Chapter III / Reg. 14

Effective Date 1-7-2008

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-7-2008

Note

– Life-saving appliances or
arrangements replaced or added to existing life-saving appliances or
arrangements, in so far as is reasonable and practicable, are required

to comply with the applicable
requirements of SOLAS chapter III and LSA code. However, if a survival craft
other than an inflatable liferaft is replaced without

replacing its launching appliance, or
vice versa, the survival craft or launching appliance may be of the same type
as that replaced.

Regulation
14

Stowage
of rescue boats

Rescue boats shall be stowed :

.1 in a state of continuous readiness
for launching in not more than 5 min, and if the inflated type, in a
fully inflated condition at all times; ( Added by
Res.MSC.216(82))

.2 in a position suitable for
launching and recovery;

.3 so that neither the rescue boat
nor its stowage arrangements will interfere with the operation of any survival
craft at any other launching station;and

.4 if it is also a lifeboat, in
compliance with the requirements of regulation 13.

Title SOLAS 1996-1998 Amend / Chapter III / Reg. 15

Effective Date 1-7-1998

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-7-1998

Note

Life-saving appliances or
arrangements replaced or added to existing life-saving appliances or
arrangements, in so far as is reasonable and practicable, are required to

comply with the applicable
requirements of SOLAS chapter III and LSA code. However, if a survival craft
other than an inflatable liferaft is replaced without replacing

its launching appliance, or vice
versa, the survival craft or launching appliance may be of the same type as
that replaced.

Regulation
15

Stowage
of marine evacuation systems

IACS UI SC 143 Stowage of Marine Evacuation Systems

1 The ship’s side shall not have any
openings between the embarkation station of the marine evacuation system and
the waterline in the lightest seagoing condition and means shall be provided to
protect the system from any projections.

MSC.1/Circ.1397 10 June 2011 UNIFIED INTERPRETATION OF SOLAS REGULATION III/15.1
‘STOWAGE OF MARINE EVACUATION SYSTEMS’

2 Marine evacuation systems shall be
in such positions as to ensure safe launching having particular regard to
clearance from the propeller and steeply overhanging positions of the hull and
so that, as far as practicable, the system can be

launched down the straight side of
the ship.

3 Each marine evacuation system shall
be stowed so that neither the passage nor platform nor its stowage or
operational arrangements will interfere with the operation of any other
life-saving appliance at any other launching station.

4 Where appropriate, the ship shall
be so arranged that the marine evacuation systems in their stowed positions are
protected from damage by heavy seas.

Title SOLAS 1996-1998 Amend / Chapter III / Reg. 16

Effective Date 1-7-1998

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-7-1998

Note

Life-saving appliances or
arrangements replaced or added to existing life-saving appliances or
arrangements, in so far as is reasonable and practicable, are required to

comply with the applicable
requirements of SOLAS chapter III and LSA code. However, if a survival craft
other than an inflatable liferaft is replaced without replacing

its launching appliance, or vice
versa, the survival craft or launching appliance may be of the same type as
that replaced.

Regulation
16

Survival
craft launching and recovery arrangements

1 Unless expressly provided
otherwise, launching and embarkation appliances complying with the requirements
of section 6.1 of the Code shall be provided for all survival craft except
those which are:

.1 boarded from a position on deck
less than 4.5 m above the waterline in the lightest seagoing condition and
which have a mass of not more than 185 kg;or

.2 boarded from a position on deck
less than 4.5 m above the waterline in the lightest seagoing condition and
which are stowed for launching directly from the stowed position under
unfavourable conditions of trim of up to 10° and list of

up to 20° either way;or

.3 carried in excess of the survival
craft for 200% of the total number of persons on board the ship and which have
a mass of not more than 185 kg;or

.4 carried in excess of the survival
craft for 200% of the total number of persons on board the ship, are stowed for
launching directly from the stowed position under unfavourable conditions of
trim of up to 10° and list of up to 20°either

way, or

.5 provided for use in conjunction
with a marine evacuation system, complying with the requirements of section 6.2
of the Code and stowed for launching directly from the stowed position under
unfavourable conditions of trim of up to

10° and list of up to 20° either way.

Refer to the IACS UI SC215 Embarkation Ladder

Refer to the MSC.1/circ.1285, UNIFIED INTERPRETATION OF SOLAS
REGULATION III/16.1

2 Each lifeboat shall be provided
with an appliance which is capable of launching and recovering the lifeboat. In
addition there shall be provision for hanging-off the lifeboat to free the
release gear for maintenance.

3 Launching and recovery arrangements
shall be such that the appliance operator on the ship is able to observe the
survival craft at all times during launching and for lifeboats during recovery.

4 Only one type of release mechanism
shall be used for similar survival craft carried on board the ship.

5 Preparation and handling of
survival craft at any one launching station shall not interfere with the prompt
preparation and handling of any other survival craft or rescue boat at any
other station.

6 Falls, where used, shall be long
enough for the survival craft to reach the water with the ship in its lightest
seagoing condition, under unfavourable conditions of trim of up to 10° and list
of up to 20° either way.

7 During preparation and launching,
the survival craft, its launching appliance, and the area of water into which
it is to be launched shall be adequately illuminated by lighting supplied from
the emergency source of electrical power required

by regulation II-1/42 or II-1/43, as
appropriate.

Refer to the IACS UI SC213

8 Means shall be available to prevent
any discharge of water on to survival craft during abandonment.

9 If there is a danger of the
survival craft being damaged by the ship’s stabilizer wings, means shall be
available, powered by an emergency source of energy, to bring the stabilizer
wings inboard ; indicators operated by an emergency

source of energy shall be available
on the navigating bridge to show the position of the stabilizer wings.

10 If partially enclosed lifeboats
complying with the requirements of section 4.5 of the Code are carried, a davit
span shall be provided, fitted with not less than two lifelines of sufficient
length to reach the water with the ship in its lightest

seagoing condition, under
unfavourable conditions of trim of up to 10° and list of up 20° either way.

Title SOLAS 1996-1998 Amend / Chapter III / Reg. 17

Effective Date 1-7-1998

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-7-1998

Note Life-saving appliances or arrangements replaced or added to
existing life-saving appliances or arrangements, in so far as is reasonable and
practicable, are required to

comply with the applicable
requirements of SOLAS chapter III and LSA code.

Regulation
17

Rescue
boat embarkation, launching and recovery arrangements

1 The rescue boat embarkation and
launching arrangements shall be such that the rescue boat can be boarded and
launched in the shortest possible time.

2 If the rescue boat is one of the
ship’s survival craft, the embarkation arrangements and launching station shall
comply with the requirements of regulations 11 and 12.

3 Launching arrangements shall comply
with the requirements of regulation 16. However, all rescue boats shall be
capable of being launched, where necessary utilizing painters, with the ship
making headway at speeds up to 5 knots in calm

water.

4 Recovery time of the rescue boat
shall be not more than 5 min in moderate sea conditions when loaded with its
full complement of persons and equipment. If the rescue boat is also a
lifeboat, this recovery time shall be possible when

loaded with its lifeboat equipment
and the approved rescue boat complement of at least six persons.

5 Rescue boat embarkation and
recovery arrangements shall allow for safe and efficient handling of a
stretcher case. Foul weather recovery strops shall be provided for safety if
heavy fall blocks constitute a danger.

Title SOLAS 2012 Amend / Chapter III / Reg. 17-1

Effective Date 1-7-2014

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-7-2014

Retroactive Retroactive Requirement for Existing Ships.

Regulation
17-1 ( Added by
Res.MSC.338(91))

Recovery
of persons from the water

1 All ships shall have ship-specific
plans and procedures for recovery of persons from the water, taking into
account the guidelines developed by the Organization.* The plans and procedures
shall identify the equipment intended to be used

for recovery purposes and measures to
be taken to minimize the risk to shipboard personnel involved in recovery
operations. Ships constructed before 1 July 2014 shall comply with this
requirement by the first periodical or renewal safety

equipment survey of the ship to be carried
out after 1 July 2014, whichever comes first.

* Refer to the Guidelines for the
development of plans and procedures for recovery of persons from the water
(MSC.1/Circ.1447).

2 Ro-ro passenger ships which comply
with regulation 26.4 shall be deemed to comply with this regulation.

Title SOLAS 1996-1998 Amend / Chapter III / Reg. 18

Effective Date 1-7-1998

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-7-1998

Note

Life-saving appliances or
arrangements replaced or added to existing life-saving appliances or
arrangements, in so far as is reasonable and practicable, are required to

comply with the applicable
requirements of SOLAS chapter III and LSA code. However, if a survival craft
other than an inflatable liferaft is replaced without replacing

its launching appliance, or vice
versa, the survival craft or launching appliance may be of the same type as
that replaced.

Regulation
18

Line-throwing
appliances

A line-throwing appliance complying
with the requirements of section 7.1 of the Code shall be provided.

Title SOLAS 2013 Amend / Chapter III / Reg. 19

Effective Date 1-1-2015

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-1-2015

Retroactive Retroactive Requirement for Existing Ships.

Regulation
19

Emergency
training and drills

1 This regulation applies to all
ships.

2 Familiarity with safety
installations and practice musters

2.1 Every crew member with assigned
emergency duties shall be familiar with these duties before the voyage begins.

2.2 On a ship engaged on a voyage
where passengers are scheduled to be on board for more than 24 h, musters of
newly-embarked passengers shall take place prior to or immediately upon
departure. Passengers shall be instructed in

the use of the lifejackets and the
action to take in an emergency.

2.3 Whenever new passengers embark, a
passenger safety briefing shall be given immediately before departure, or
immediately after departure. The briefing shall include the instructions
required by regulations 8.2 and 8.4, and shall be

made by means of an announcement, in
one or more languages likely to be understood by the passengers. The
announcement shall be made on the ship’s public address system, or by other
equivalent means likely to be heard at least by

the passengers who have not yet heard
it during the voyage. The briefing may be included in the muster required by
paragraph 2.2. Information cards or posters or video programmes displayed on
ships video displays may be used to

supplement the briefing, but may not
be used to replace the announcement. ( Replaced by
Res.MSC.350(92))

3 Drills

3.1 Drills shall, as far as
practicable, be conducted as if there were an actual emergency.

3.2 Every crew member shall
participate in at least one abandon ship drill and one fire drill every month.
The drills of the crew shall take place within 24 h of the ship leaving a port
if more than 25% of the crew have not participated in

abandon ship and fire drills on board
that particular ship in the previous month. When a ship enters service for the
first time, after modification of a major character or when a new crew is
engaged, these drills shall be held before sailing.

The Administration may accept other
arrangements that are at least equivalent for those classes of ships for which
this is impracticable.

3.3 Crew members with enclosed space
entry or rescue responsibilities shall participate in an enclosed space entry
and rescue drill to be held on board the ship at least once every two months. (
Inserted by
Res.MSC.350(92))

3.4 Abandon ship drill

3.4.1 Each abandon ship drill shall
include :

.1 summoning of passengers and crew
to muster stations with the alarm required by regulation 6.4.2 followed by
drill announcement on the public address or other communication system and
ensuring that they are made aware of

the order to abandon ship;

.2 reporting to stations and
preparing for the duties described in the muster list;

.3 checking that passengers and crew
are suitably dressed;

.4 checking that lifejackets are
correctly donned;

.5 lowering of at least one lifeboat
after any necessary preparation for launching;

.6 starting and operating the
lifeboat engine;

.7 operation of davits used for
launching liferafts;

.8 a mock search and rescue of
passengers trapped in their staterooms;and

.9 instruction in the use of radio
life-saving appliances.

3.4.2 Different lifeboats shall, as
far as practicable, be lowered in compliance with the requirements of paragraph
3.4.1.5 at successive drills.

3.4.3 Except as provided in
paragraphs 3.4.4 and 3.4.5, each lifeboat shall be launched, and manoeuvred in
the water by its assigned operating crew, at least once every three months
during an abandon ship drill.

3.4.4 In the case of a lifeboat
arranged for free-fall launching, at least once every three months during an
abandon ship drill the crew shall board the lifeboat, properly secure
themselves in their seats and commence launch procedures

up to but not including the actual
release of the lifeboat (i.e., the release hook shall not be released). The
lifeboat shall then either be free-fall launched with only the required
operating crew on board, or lowered into the water by

means of the secondary means of
launching with or without the operating crew on board. In both cases the
lifeboat shall thereafter be manoeuvred in the water by the operating crew. At
intervals of not more than six months, the

lifeboat shall either be launched by
free-fall with only the operating crew on board, or simulated launching shall
be carried out in accordance with the guidelines developed by the Organization*.

* Refer to Measures to prevent
accidents with lifeboats (
MSC.1/Circ.1206/Rev.1).

3.4.5 The Administration may allow
ships operating on short international voyages not to launch the lifeboats on
one side if their berthing arrangements in port and their trading patterns do
not permit launching of lifeboats on that

side. However, all such lifeboats
shall be lowered at least once every 3 months and launched at least annually.

3.4.6 As far as is reasonable and
practicable, rescue boats other than lifeboats which are also rescue boats,
shall be launched each month with their assigned crew aboard and manoeuvred in
the water. In all cases this requirement

shall be complied with at least once
every 3 months.

3.4.7 If lifeboat and rescue boat
launching drills are carried out with the ship making headway, such drills
shall, because of the dangers involved, be practised in sheltered waters only
and under the supervision of an officer

experienced in such drills.*

* Refer to the Guidelines on
Training for the Purpose of Launching Lifeboats and Rescue Boats from Ships
Making Headway through the Water adopted by the Organization by resolution
A.624(15).

3.4.8 If a ship is fitted with marine
evacuation systems, drills shall include exercising of the procedures required
for the deployment of such a system up to the point immediately preceding
actual deployment of the system. This aspect

of drills should be augmented by
regular instruction using the on-board training aids required by regulation
35.4. Additionally every system party member shall, as far as practicable, be
further trained by participation in a full

deployment of a similar system into
water, either on board a ship or ashore, at intervals of not longer than 2
years, but in no case longer than 3 years. This training can be associated with
the deployments required by regulation

20.8.2.

3.4.9 Emergency lighting for
mustering and abandonment shall be tested at each abandon ship drill.

3.5 Fire drills

3.5.1 Fire drills should be planned
in such a way that due consideration is given to regular practice in the
various emergencies that may occur depending on the type of ships and the
cargo.

3.5.2 Each fire drill shall include;

.1 reporting to stations and
preparing for the duties described in the muster list required by regulation 8;

.2 starting of a fire pump, using at
least the two required jets of water to show that the system is in proper
working order;

.3 checking of fireman’s outfit and
other personal rescue equipment;

.4 checking of relevant communication
equipment;

.5 checking the operation of
watertight doors, fire doors, fire dampers and main inlets and outlets of
ventilation systems in the drill area;and

.6 checking the necessary
arrangements for subsequent abandoning of the ship.

3.5.3 The equipment used during
drills shall immediately be brought back to its fully operational condition and
any faults and defects discovered during the drills shall be remedied as soon
as possible.

3.6 Enclosed space entry and rescue
drills( Added by
Res.MSC.350(92))

3.6.1 Enclosed space entry and rescue
drills should be planned and conducted in a safe manner, taking into account,
as appropriate, the guidance provided in the recommendations developed by the
Organization*.

* Refer to the Revised
Recommendations for entering enclosed spaces aboard ships, adopted by the
Organization by resolution
A.1050(27).

3.6.2 Each enclosed space entry and
rescue drill shall include:

.1 checking and use of personal
protective equipment required for entry;

.2 checking and use of communication
equipment and procedures;

.3 checking and use of instruments
for measuring the atmosphere in enclosed spaces;

.4 checking and use of rescue
equipment and procedures; and

.5 instructions in first aid and
resuscitation techniques.

4 On-board training and instructions

4.1 On-board training in the use of
the ship’s life-saving appliances, including survival craft equipment, and in
the use of the ship’s fire-extinguishing appliances shall be given as soon as
possible but not later than 2 weeks after a crew

member joins the ship. However, if
the crew member is on a regularly scheduled rotating assignment to the ship,
such training shall be given not later than 2 weeks after the time of first
joining the ship. Instructions in the use of the

ship’s fire-extinguishing appliances,
life-saving appliances, and in survival at sea shall be given at the same
interval as the drills. Individual instruction may cover different parts of the
ship’s life-saving and fire-extinguishing appliances,

but all the ship’s life-saving and
fire-extinguishing appliances shall be covered within any period of 2 months.

4.2 Every crew member shall be given
instructions which shall include but not necessarily be limited to:

.1 operation and use of the ship’s
inflatable liferafts;

.2 problems of hypothermia, first-aid
treatment for hypothermia and other appropriate first-aid procedures;

.3 special instructions necessary for
use of the ship’s life-saving appliances in severe weather and severe sea
conditions;

.4 operation and use of fire-extinguishing
appliances; and

.5 risks associated with enclosed
spaces and onboard procedures for safe entry into such spaces which should take
into account, as appropriate, the guidance provided in recommendations
developed by the Organization*. (

Added by Res.MSC.350(92))

* Refer to the Revised
Recommendations for entering enclosed spaces aboard ships, adopted by the
Organization by
resolution A.1050(27) .

4.3 On-board training in the use of
davit-launched liferafts shall take place at intervals of not more than 4
months on every ship fitted with such appliances. Whenever practicable this
shall include the inflation and lowering of a liferaft.

This liferaft may be a special
liferaft intended for training purposes only, which is not part of the ship’s
life-saving equipment;such a special liferaft shall be conspicuously marked.

5 Records

The date when musters are held,
details of abandon ship drills and fire drills, enclosed space entry and rescue
drills ( Inserted by
Res.MSC.350(92)), drills of other life-saving appliances and on board training
shall be recorded in such

log-book as may be prescribed by the
Administration. If a full muster, drill or training session is not held at the
appointed time, an entry shall be made in the log-book stating the circumstances
and the extent of the muster, drill or training

session held.

Title SOLAS 2016 Amend (96th) / Chapter III / Reg. 20

Effective Date 1-1-2020

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-1-2020

Retroactive Retroactive Requirement for Existing Ships.

Regulation
20

Operational
readiness, maintenance and inspections

1 This regulation applies to all
ships. The requirements of paragraphs 3.2, 3.3 and 6.2 shall be complied with,
as far as is practicable, on ships constructed before 1 July 1986.

2 Operational readiness

Before the ship leaves port and at
all times during the voyage, all life-saving appliances shall be in working
order and ready for immediate use.

3 Maintenance

3.1 Maintenance, testing and
inspections of life-saving appliances shall be carried out in a manner having
due regard to ensuring reliability of such appliances.( Replaced by
Res.MSC.404(96))

3.2 Instructions for on-board
maintenance of life-saving appliances complying with regulation 36 shall be
provided and maintenance shall be carried out accordingly.

3.3 The Administration may accept, in
compliance with the requirements of paragraph 3.2, a shipboard planned
maintenance programme, which includes the requirements of regulation 36.

4 Maintenance of falls

Falls used in launching shall be
inspected periodically* with special regard for areas passing through sheaves,
and renewed when necessary due to deterioration of the falls or at intervals of
not more than 5 years, whichever is the earlier.

* Refer to Measures to prevent
accidents with lifeboats (
MSC.1/Circ.1206/Rev.1).

5 Spares and repair equipment

Spares and repair equipment shall be
provided for life-saving appliances and their components which are subject to
excessive wear or consumption and need to be replaced regularly.

6 Weekly inspection

The following tests and inspections
shall be carried out weekly and a report of the inspection shall be entered in
the log-book:

.1 all survival craft, rescue boats
and launching appliances shall be visually inspected to ensure that they are
ready for use. The inspection shall include, but is not limited to, the
condition of hooks, their attachment to the lifeboat and the

on-load release gear being properly
and completely reset;

.2 all engines in lifeboats and
rescue boats shall be run for a total period of not less than 3 min, provided
the ambient temperature is above the minimum temperature required for starting
and running the engine. During this period of

time, it should be demonstrated that
the gear box and gear box train are engaging satisfactorily. If the special
characteristics of an outboard motor fitted to a rescue boat would not allow it
to be run other than with its propeller

submerged for a period of 3 min, a
suitable water supply may be provided. In special cases, the Administration may
waive this requirement for ships constructed before 1 July 1986;

.3 lifeboats, except free-fall
lifeboats, on cargo ships shall be moved from their stowed position, without
any persons on board, to the extent necessary to demonstrate satisfactory
operation of launching appliances, if weather and sea

conditions so allow; and

.4 the general emergency alarm shall
be tested.

7 Monthly inspection

7.1 All lifeboats, except free-fall
lifeboats, shall be turned out from their stowed position, without any persons
on board if weather and sea conditions so allow.

7.2 Inspection of the life-saving
appliances, including lifeboat equipment, shall be carried out monthly using
the checklist required by regulation 36.1 to ensure that they are complete and
in good order. A report of the inspection shall be

entered in the log-book.

8 Servicing of inflatable liferafts,
inflatable lifejackets, marine evacuation systems and maintenance and repair of
inflated rescue boats

8.1 Every inflatable liferaft,
inflatable lifejacket, and marine evacuation system shall be serviced:

.1 at intervals not exceeding 12
months, provided where in any case this is impracticable, the Administration
may extend this period to 17 months;and

.2 at an approved servicing station
which is competent to service them, maintains proper servicing facilities and
used only properly trained personnel.*

* Refer to the Recommendation on
Conditions for the Approval of Servicing Stations for Inflatable Liferafts
adopted by the Organization by
resolution A.761(18), as amended.

8.2 Rotational deployment of marine
evacuation systems

In addition to or in conjunction with
the servicing intervals of marine evacuation systems required by paragraph 8.1,
each marine evacuation system should be deployed from the ship on a rotational
basis at intervals to be agreed by the

Administration provided that each
system is to be deployed at least once every six years.

8.3 An Administration which approves
new and novel inflatable liferaft arrangements pursuant to regulation 4 may
allow for extended service intervals on the following conditions:

.1 The new and novel liferaft
arrangement has proved to maintain the same standard, as required by testing
procedure, during extended service intervals.

.2 The liferaft system shall be
checked on board by certified personnel according to paragraph 8.1.1.

.3 Service at intervals not exceeding
5 years shall be carried out in accordance with the recommendations of the
Organization.*

* Refer to the Recommendation on
Conditions for the Approval of Servicing Stations for Inflatable Liferafts
adopted by the Organization by
resolution A.761(18), as amended.

8.4 All repairs and maintenance of
inflated rescue boats shall be carried out in accordance with the
manufacturer’s instructions. Emergency repairs may be carried out on board the
ship;however, permanent repairs shall be effected at an

approved servicing station.

8.5 An Administration which permits
extension of liferaft service intervals in accordance with paragraph 8.3 shall
notify the Organization of such action in accordance with regulation I/5(b).

9 Periodic servicing of hydrostatic
release units

Hydrostatic release units, other than
disposable hydrostatic release units, shall be serviced:

.1 at intervals not exceeding 12
months, provided where in any case this is impracticable, the Administration
may extend this period to 17 months*; and

* Refer to Servicing of life-saving
appliances and radiocommunication equipment under the harmonized system of
survey and certification (HSSC) (
MSC/Circ.955)

.2 at a servicing station which is
competent to service them, maintains proper servicing facilities and uses only
properly trained personnel.

10 Marking of stowage locations

Containers, brackets, racks, and
other similar stowage locations for life-saving equipment shall be marked with
symbols in accordance with the recommendations of the Organization*, indicating
the devices stowed in that location for that

purpose. If more than one device is
stowed in that location, the number of devices shall also be indicated.

* Refer to the Symbols Related to
Life-Saving Appliances and Arrangements, adopted by the Organization by
resolution A.760(18), as amended.

11 Maintenance, thorough examination,
operational testing, overhaul and repair of lifeboats, rescue boats and fast
rescue boats, launching appliances and release gear( Replaced by
Res.MSC.404(96))

11.1 Launching appliances shall be:

.1 subject to a thorough examination
at the annual surveys required by regulations I/7 or I/8, as applicable; and

.2 upon completion of the examination
referred to in paragraph 11.1.1, subjected to a dynamic test of the winch brake
at maximum lowering speed. The load to be applied shall be the mass of the
survival craft or rescue boat without

persons on board, except that, at
intervals of at least once every five years, the test shall be carried out with
a proof load equal to 1.1 times the weight of the survival craft or rescue boat
and its full complement of persons and

equipment.

11.2 Lifeboat and rescue boat release
gear, including fast rescue boat release gear and free-fall lifeboat release
systems, shall be:

.1 subject to a thorough examination
and operational test during the annual surveys required by regulations I/7 and
I/8;

.2 in case of on-load release gear,
operationally tested under a load of 1.1 times the total mass of the boat when
loaded with its full complement of persons and equipment whenever the release
gear is overhauled. Such overhauling

and operational test shall be carried
out at least once every five years;* and

* Refer to Recommendation on
testing of life-saving appliances (
resolution
A.689(17)
), as amended. For life-saving
appliances installed on board on or after 1 July 1999, refer to Revised Recommendations
on testing of life-saving

appliances (resolution MSC.81(70)), as amended.

.3 notwithstanding paragraph 11.2.2,
the operational testing of free-fall lifeboat release systems shall be
performed either by free fall launch with only the operating crew on board or
by a test without launching the lifeboat carried out

based on Requirements for
maintenance, thorough examination, operational testing, overhaul and repair.

11.3 Davit-launched liferaft
automatic release hooks shall be:

.1 subject to a thorough examination
and operational test during the annual surveys required by regulations I/7 and
I/8; and

.2 operationally tested under a load
of 1.1 times the total mass of the liferaft when loaded with its full
complement of persons and equipment whenever the automatic release hook is
overhauled. Such overhauling and operational test

shall be carried out at least once
every five years.*

* Refer to Recommendation on
testing of life-saving appliances (
resolution
A.689(17)
), as amended. For life-saving appliances
installed on board on or after 1 July 1999, refer to Revised Recommendations on
testing of life-saving

appliances (resolution MSC.81(70)), as
amended.”

11.4 Lifeboats and rescue boats,
including fast rescue boats, shall be subject to a thorough examination and
operational test during the annual surveys required by regulations I/7 and I/8.

11.5 The thorough examination,
operational testing and overhaul required by paragraphs 11.1 to 11.4 and the
maintenance and repair of equipment specified in paragraphs 11.1 to 11.4 shall
be carried out in accordance with the

Requirements for maintenance,
thorough examination, operational testing, overhaul and repair, and the
instructions for onboard maintenance as required by regulation 36.

Title SOLAS 2006 Amend / Chapter III / Reg. 21

Effective Date 1-7-2008

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-7-2008

Note

Life-saving appliances or
arrangements replaced or added to existing life-saving appliances or
arrangements, in so far as is reasonable and practicable, are required to

comply with the applicable
requirements of SOLAS chapter III and LSA code. However, if a survival craft
other than an inflatable liferaft is replaced without replacing

its launching appliance, or vice
versa, the survival craft or launching appliance may be of the same type as
that replaced.

SECTION
II-PASSENGER SHIPS

(ADDITIONAL
REQUIREMENTS)

Regulation
21

Survival
craft and rescue boats

1 Survival craft

1.1 Passenger ships engaged on
international voyages which are not short international voyage shall carry:

.1 partially or totally enclosed
lifeboats complying with the requirements of section 4.5 or 4.6 of the Code on
each side of such aggregate capacity as will accommodate not less than 50% of
the total number of persons on board. The

Administration may permit the
substitution of lifeboats by liferafts of equivalent total capacity provided
that there shall never be less than sufficient lifeboats on each side of the
ship to accommodate 37.5% of the total number of

persons on board. The inflatable or rigid
liferafts shall comply with the requirements of section 4.2 or 4.3 of the Code
and shall be served by launching appliances equally distributed on each side of
the ship; and

.2 in addition, inflatable or rigid
liferafts complying with the requirements of section 4.2 or 4.3 of the Code of
such aggregate capacity as will accommodate at least 25% of the total number of
persons on board. These liferafts shall be

served by at least one launching
appliance on each side which may be those provided in compliance with the
requirements of paragraph 1.1.1 or equivalent approved appliances capable of
being used on both sides. However, stowage

of these liferafts need not comply
with the requirements of regulation 13.5.

1.2 Passenger ships engaged on short
international voyages shall carry: ( Replaced by
Res.MSC.216(82))

.1 partially or totally enclosed
lifeboats complying with the requirements of section 4.5 or 4.6 of the Code of
such aggregate capacity as will accommodate at least 30% of the total number of
persons on board. The lifeboats shall, as

far as practicable, be equally
distributed on each side of the ship. In addition inflatable or rigid liferafts
complying with the requirements of section 4.2 or 4.3 of the Code shall be
carried of such aggregate capacity that, together with

the lifeboat capacity, the survival
craft will accommodate the total number of persons on board. The liferafts
shall be served by launching appliances equally distributed on each side of the
ship and

.2 in addition, inflatable or rigid
liferafts complying with the requirements of section 4.2 or 4.3 of the Code of
such aggregate capacity as will accommodate at least 25% of the total number of
persons on board. These liferafts shall be

served by at least one launching
appliance on each side which may be those provided in compliance with the
requirements of paragraph 1.2.1 or equivalent approved appliances capable of
being used on both sides. However, stowage

of these liferafts need not comply
with the requirements of regulation 13.5.

1.3 Passenger ships engaged on short
international voyages and not complying with the special standards of
subdivision prescribed by regulation II-1/6.5, shall carry survival craft
complying with the requirements of paragraph 1.1.(

Deleted by Res.MSC.216(82) and the remaining paragraphs were renumbered accordingly.)

1.3 All survival craft required to provide for abandonment by the
total number of persons on board shall be capable of being launched with their full
complement of persons and equipment within a period of 30 min from the time the

abandon ship signal is given after
all persons have been assembled, with lifejackets donned ( Added by
Res.MSC.216(82))

1.4 In lieu of meeting the requirements of paragraph 1.1 or 1.2,
passenger ships of less than 500 gross tonnage where the total number of
persons on board is less than 200, may comply with the following.

.1 they shall carry on each side of
the ship, inflatable or rigid liferafts complying with the requirements of
section 4.2 or 4.3 of the Code and of such aggregate capacity as will
accommodate the total number of persons on board.

.2 unless the liferafts required by
paragraph 1.4.1 are stowed in a position providing for easy
side-to-side transfer at a single open deck level, additional liferafts shall
be provided so that the total capacity available on each side will

accommodate 150% of the total number
of persons on board.

.3 if the rescue boat required by
paragraph 2.2 is also a partially or totally enclosed lifeboat complying with
the requirements of section 4.5 or 4.6 of the Code, it may be included in the
aggregate capacity required by paragraph 1.4.1,

provided that the total capacity
available on either side of the ship is at least 150% of the total number of
persons on board and

.4 in the event of any one survival
craft being lost or rendered unserviceable, there shall be sufficient survival
craft available for use on each side, including those which are stowed in a
position providing for easy side-to-side transfer at

a single open deck level, to
accommodate the total number of persons on board.

1.5 A marine evacuation system or systems complying with section 6.2
of the Code may be substituted for the equivalent capacity of liferafts and
launching appliances required by paragraph 1.1.1 or 1.2.1.

2 Rescue boats

2.1 Passenger ships of 500 gross
tonnage and over shall carry at least one rescue boat complying with the
requirements of section 5.1 of the Code on each side of the ship.

2.2 Passenger ships of less than 500
gross tonnage shall carry at least one rescue boat complying with the
requirements of section 5.1 of the Code.

2.3 A lifeboat may be accepted as a
rescue boat provided that it and its launching and recovery arrangements also
comply with the requirements for a rescue boat. ( Replaced by
Res.MSC.216(82))

3 Marshalling of liferafts

3.1 The number of lifeboats and
rescue boats that are carried on passenger ships shall be sufficient to ensure
that in providing for abandonment by the total number of persons on board not
more than six liferafts need be marshalled by

each lifeboat or rescue boat.

3.2 The number of lifeboats and
rescue boats that are carried on passenger ships engaged on short international
voyages shall be sufficient to ensure that in providing for abandonment by the
total number of persons on board not more

than nine liferafts need be
marshalled by each lifeboat or rescue boat. ( the words “and complying
with the special standards of subdivision prescribed by regulation II-1/6.5”
were deleted by
Res.MSC.216(82))

Title SOLAS 1996-1998 Amend / Chapter III / Reg. 22.1

Effective Date 1-7-1998

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-7-1998

Note Life-saving appliances or arrangements replaced or added to
existing life-saving appliances or arrangements, in so far as is reasonable and
practicable, are required to

comply with the applicable
requirements of SOLAS chapter III and LSA code.

Regulation
22

Personal
life-saving appliances

1 Lifebuoys

1.1 A passenger ship shall carry not
less than the number of lifebuoys complying with the requirements of regulation
7.1 and section 2.1 of the Code prescribed in the following table:

Length of ship in metres Minimum
number of lifebuoys

under 60 8

60 and under 120 12

120 and under 180 18

180 and under 240 24

240 and over 30

1.2 Notwithstanding regulation 7.1.3,
passenger ships of under 60 m in length shall carry not less than six lifebuoys
provided with self-igniting lights.

Title SOLAS 1996-1998 Amend / Chapter III / Reg. 22.2

Effective Date 1-7-1998

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-7-1998

Note Life-saving appliances or arrangements replaced or added to
existing life-saving appliances or arrangements, in so far as is reasonable and
practicable, are required to

comply with the applicable
requirements of SOLAS chapter III and LSA code.

2 Lifejackets

2.1 In addition to the lifejackets
required by regulation 7.2, every passenger ship shall carry lifejackets for
not less than 5% of the total number of persons on board. These lifejackets
shall be stowed in conspicuous places on deck or at

muster stations.

2.2 Where lifejackets for passengers
are stowed in staterooms which are located remotely from direct routes between
public spaces and muster stations, the additional lifejackets for these
passengers required under regulation 7.2.2, shall

be stowed either in the public
spaces, the muster stations, or on direct routes between them. The lifejackets
shall be stowed so that their distribution and donning does not impede orderly
movement to muster stations and survival craft

embarkation stations.

Title SOLAS 1996-1998 Amend / Chapter III / Reg. 22.3

Effective Date 1-7-1998

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-7-1998

Retroactive Retroactive Requirement for Existing Ships.

Note Life-saving appliances or arrangements replaced or added to
existing life-saving appliances or arrangements, in so far as is reasonable and
practicable, are required to

comply with the applicable
requirements of SOLAS chapter III and LSA code.

3 Lifejacket lights

3.1 On all passenger ships each
lifejacket shall be fitted with a light complying with the requirements of
paragraph 2.2.3 of the Code.

3.2 Lights fitted on lifejackets on
board passenger ships prior to 1 July 1998 and not complying fully with
paragraph 2.2.3 of the Code may be accepted by the Administration until the
lifejacket light would normally be replaced or until the

first periodical survey after 1 July
2002, whichever is the earliest.

Title SOLAS 1996-1998 Amend / Chapter III / Reg. 22.4

Effective Date 1-7-1998

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-7-1998

Retroactive Retroactive Requirement for Existing Ships.

Note Life-saving appliances or arrangements replaced or added to
existing life-saving appliances or arrangements, in so far as is reasonable and
practicable, are required to

comply with the applicable
requirements of SOLAS chapter III and LSA code.

4 Immersion suits and thermal
protective aids

4.1 All passenger ships shall carry
for each lifeboat on the ship at least three immersion suits complying with the
requirements of section 2.3 of the Code and, in addition, a thermal protective
aid complying with the requirements of

section 2.5 of the Code for every
person to be accommodated in the lifeboat and not provided with an immersion
suit. These immersion suits and thermal protective aids need not be carried:

.1 for persons to be accommodated in
totally or partially enclosed lifeboats;or

.2 if the ship is constantly engaged
on voyages in warm climates* where, in the opinion of the Administration, they
are unnecessary.

* Refer MSC/Cire.1046, Guidelines for the assessment of
thermal protection.

4.2 The provisions of paragraph 4.1.1
also apply to partially or totally enclosed lifeboats not complying with the
requirements of section 4.5 or 4.6 of the Code, provided they are carried on
ships constructed before 1 July 1986.

Title SOLAS 1996-1998 Amend / Chapter III / Reg. 23

Effective Date 1-7-1998

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-7-1998

Note

Life-saving appliances or
arrangements replaced or added to existing life-saving appliances or
arrangements, in so far as is reasonable and practicable, are required to

comply with the applicable
requirements of SOLAS chapter III and LSA code. However, if a survival craft
other than an inflatable liferaft is replaced without replacing

its launching appliance, or vice
versa, the survival craft or launching appliance may be of the same type as
that replaced.

Regulation
23

Survival
craft and rescue boat embarkation arrangements

1 On passenger ships, survival craft embarkation
arrangements shall be designed for:

.1 all lifeboats to be boarded and
launched either directly from the stowed position or from an embarkation deck
but not both;and

.2 davit-launched liferafts to be
boarded and launched from a position immediately adjacent to the stowed
position or from a position to which, in compliance with the requirements of
regulation 13.5, the liferaft is transferred prior to

launching.

2 Rescue boat arrangements shall be
such that the rescue boat can be boarded and launched directly from the stowed
position with the number of persons assigned to crew the rescue boat on board.
Notwithstanding the requirements of

paragraph 1.1, if the rescue boat is
also a lifeboat and the other lifeboats are boarded and launched from an embarkation
deck, the arrangements shall be such that the rescue boat can also be boarded
and launched from the embarkation

deck.

Title SOLAS 1996-1998 Amend / Chapter III / Reg. 24

Effective Date 1-7-1998

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-7-1998

Note

Life-saving appliances or
arrangements replaced or added to existing life-saving appliances or
arrangements, in so far as is reasonable and practicable, are required to

comply with the applicable
requirements of SOLAS chapter III and LSA code. However, if a survival craft
other than an inflatable liferaft is replaced without replacing

its launching appliance, or vice
versa, the survival craft or launching appliance may be of the same type as
that replaced.

Regulation
24

Stowage
of survival craft

The stowage height of a survival
craft on a passenger ship shall take into account the requirements of
regulation 13.1.2, the escape provisions of regulation II-2/28*, the size of
the ship, and the weather conditions likely to be encountered

in its intended area of operation.
For a davit-launched survival craft, the height of the davit head with the
survival craft in embarkation position, shall, as far as practicable, not
exceed 15 m to the waterline when the ship is in its lightest

seagoing condition.

Title SOLAS 1996-1998 Amend / Chapter III / Reg. 25

Effective Date 1-7-1998

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-7-1998

Note Life-saving appliances or arrangements replaced or added to
existing life-saving appliances or arrangements, in so far as is reasonable and
practicable, are required to

comply with the applicable
requirements of SOLAS chapter III and LSA code.

Regulation
25

Muster
stations

Every passenger ship shall, in
addition to complying with the requirements of regulation 11, have passenger
muster stations which shall:

.1 be in the vicinity of, and permit
ready access for the passengers to, the embarkation stations unless in the same
location;and

.2 have ample room for marshalling
and instruction of the passengers, but at least 0.35m² per passenger.

Title SOLAS 2001-2003 Amend / Chapter III / Reg. 26.1

Effective Date 1-7-2004

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-7-2004

Retroactive Retroactive Requirement for Existing Ships.

Note

– Life-saving appliances or
arrangements replaced or added to existing life-saving appliances or
arrangements, in so far as is reasonable and practicable, are required

to comply with the applicable
requirements of SOLAS chapter III and LSA code. However, if a survival craft
other than an inflatable liferaft is replaced without

replacing its launching appliance, or
vice versa, the survival craft or launching appliance may be of the same type
as that replaced.

Regulation
26

Additional
requirements for ro-ro passenger ships

1 This regulation applies to all
ro-ro passenger ships. Ro-ro passenger ships constructed:

.1 on or after 1 July 1998 shall
comply with the requirements of paragraphs 2.3, 2.4, 3.1, 3.2, 3.3, 4 and 5;

.2 on or after 1 July 1986 and before
1 July 1998 shall comply with the requirements of paragraph 5 not later than
the first periodical survey after 1 July 1998 and with the requirements of
paragraphs 2.3, 2.4, 3 and 4 not later than the

first periodical survey after 1 July
2000;

.3 before 1 July 1986 shall comply
with the requirements of paragraph 5 not later than the first periodical survey
after 1 July 1998 and with the requirements of paragraphs 2.1, 2.2, 2.3, 2.4, 3
and 4 not later than the first periodical

survey after 1 July 2000; and

.4 before 1 July 2004 shall comply
with the requirements of paragraph 2.5 not later than the first survey on or
after that date.( added by
Res.MSC.134(76))

Title SOLAS 1996-1998 Amend / Chapter III / Reg. 26.2.3

Effective Date 1-7-1998

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-7-1998

Retroactive Retroactive Requirement for Existing Ships.

Note

Life-saving appliances or
arrangements replaced or added to existing life-saving appliances or
arrangements, in so far as is reasonable and practicable, are required to

comply with the applicable
requirements of SOLAS chapter III and LSA code. However, if a survival craft
other than an inflatable liferaft is replaced without replacing

its launching appliance, or vice
versa, the survival craft or launching appliance may be of the same type as
that replaced.

2.3 Every liferaft on ro-ro passenger
ships shall be of a type fitted with a boarding ramp complying with the
requirements of paragraph 4.2.4.1 or 4.3.4.1 of the Code, as appropriate.

Title SOLAS 1996-1998 Amend / Chapter III / Reg. 26.2.4

Effective Date 1-7-1998

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-7-1998

Retroactive Retroactive Requirement for Existing Ships.

Note

Life-saving appliances or
arrangements replaced or added to existing life-saving appliances or
arrangements, in so far as is reasonable and practicable, are required to

comply with the applicable
requirements of SOLAS chapter III and LSA code. However, if a survival craft
other than an inflatable liferaft is replaced without replacing

its launching appliance, or vice
versa, the survival craft or launching appliance may be of the same type as
that replaced.

2.4 Every liferaft on ro-ro passenger
ships shall either be automatically self-righting or be a canopied reversible
liferaft which is stable in a seaway and is capable of operating safely whichever
way up it is floating. Alternatively, the ship

shall carry automatically
self-righting liferafts or canopied reversible liferafts, in addition to its
normal complement of liferafts, of such aggregate capacity as will accommodate
at least 50% of the persons not accommodated in lifeboats.

This additional liferaft capacity
shall be determined on the basic of the difference between the total number of
persons on board and the number of persons accommodated in lifeboats. Every
such liferaft shall be approved by the

Administration having regard to the
recommendations adopted by the Organization.*

* Refer to MSC/Circ.809, Recommendation for canopied
reversible liferafts. automatically self-righting liferafts and fast rescue
boats, including testing, on ro-ro passenger ships.

Title SOLAS 2008 Amend / Chapter III / Reg. 26.2.5

Effective Date 1-1-2010

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-7-2004

Retroactive Retroactive Requirement for Existing Ships.

Note

– Life-saving appliances or
arrangements replaced or added to existing life-saving appliances or
arrangements, in so far as is reasonable and practicable, are required

to comply with the applicable
requirements of SOLAS chapter III and LSA code. However, if a survival craft
other than an inflatable liferaft is replaced without

replacing its launching appliance, or
vice versa, the survival craft or launching appliance may be of the same type
as that replaced.

2.5 Liferafts carried on ro-ro
passenger ships shall be fitted with a search and rescue locating device in the
ratio of one search and rescue locating device for every four liferafts. The
search and rescue locating device shall be mounted

inside the liferaft so its antenna is
more than one metre above the sea level when the liferaft is deployed, except
that for canopied reversible liferafts the search and rescue locating device
shall be so arranged as to be readily accessed

and erected by survivors. Each search
and rescue locating device shall be arranged to be manually erected when the
liferaft is deployed. Containers of liferafts fitted with search and rescue
locating devices shall be clearly marked.

( Replaced by Res.MSC.256(84) )

Title SOLAS 2006 Amend / Chapter III / Reg. 26.3.1

Effective Date 1-7-2008

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-7-2008

Note Life-saving appliances or arrangements replaced or added to
existing life-saving appliances or arrangements, in so far as is reasonable and
practicable, are required to

comply with the applicable
requirements of SOLAS chapter III and LSA code.

3 Fast rescue boats

3.1 At least one of the rescue boats
on a ro-ro passenger ship shall be a fast rescue boat complying with section
5.1.4 of the Code. ( Replaced by
Res.MSC.216(82)).

* Refer to MSC/Circ.809, Recommendation for canopied
reversible liferafts, automatically self-righting liferafts and fast rescue
boats, including testing, on ro-ro passenger ships.

Title SOLAS 2006 Amend / Chapter III / Reg. 26.3.2

Effective Date 1-7-2008

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-7-2008

Note Life-saving appliances or arrangements replaced or added to
existing life-saving appliances or arrangements, in so far as is reasonable and
practicable, are required to

comply with the applicable
requirements of SOLAS chapter III and LSA code.

3.2 Each fast rescue boat shall be
served by a suitable launching appliance complying with section 6.1.7 of the
Code.* ( Replaced by
Res.MSC.216(82)).

* Refer to MSC/Circ.809, Recommendation for canopied
reversible liferafts, automatically self-righting liferafts and fast rescue
boats, including testing, on ro-ro passenger ships.

Title SOLAS 1996-1998 Amend / Chapter III / Reg. 26.3.3

Effective Date 1-7-1998

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-7-1998

Retroactive Retroactive Requirement for Existing Ships.

Note Life-saving appliances or arrangements replaced or added to
existing life-saving appliances or arrangements, in so far as is reasonable and
practicable, are required to

comply with the applicable
requirements of SOLAS chapter III and LSA code.

3.3 At least two crews of each fast
rescue boat shall be trained and drilled regularly having regard to the
Seafarers Training, Certification and Watchkeeping(STCW) Code and
recommendations adopted by the Organization***, including

all aspects of rescue, handling,
manoeuvring, operating these craft in various conditions, and righting them
after capsize.

*** Refer to the Recommendation on
training requirements for crews of fast rescue boats, adopted by the
Organization by resolution
A.771(18) and to the section A-VI/2, table A-VI/2-2 “Specification of
the minimum standard of

competence in fast rescue
boats” of the Seafarers’ Training, Certification and Watchkeeping (STCW)
Code.

Title SOLAS 1996-1998 Amend / Chapter III / Reg. 26.4

Effective Date 1-7-1998

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-7-1998

Retroactive Retroactive Requirement for Existing Ships.

Note Life-saving appliances or arrangements replaced or added to
existing life-saving appliances or arrangements, in so far as is reasonable and
practicable, are required to

comply with the applicable requirements
of SOLAS chapter III and LSA code.

4 Means of rescue *

* Refer to MSC/Circ.810, Recommendation on means of rescue
on ro-ro passenger ships.

4.1 Each ro-ro passenger ship shall
be equipped with efficient means for rapidly recovering survivors from the
water and transferring survivors from rescue units or survival craft to the
ship.

4.2 The means of transfer of
survivors to the ship may be part of a marine evacuation system, or may be part
of a system designed for rescue purposes.

4.3 If the slide of a marine
evacuation system is intended to provide the means of transfer of survivors to
the deck of the ship, the slide shall be equipped with handlines or ladders to
aid in climbing up the slide.

Title SOLAS 1996-1998 Amend / Chapter III / Reg. 26.5

Effective Date 1-7-1998

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-7-1998

Retroactive Retroactive Requirement for Existing Ships.

Note Life-saving appliances or arrangements replaced or added to
existing life-saving appliances or arrangements, in so far as is reasonable and
practicable, are required to

comply with the applicable
requirements of SOLAS chapter III and LSA code.

5 Lifejackets

5.1 Notwithstanding the requirements
of regulations 7.2 and 22.2, a sufficient number of lifejackets shall be stowed
in the vicinity of the muster stations so that passengers do not have to return
to their cabins to collect their lifejackets.

5.2 In ro-ro passenger ships, each
lifejacket shall be fitted with a light complying with the requirements of
paragraph 2.2.3 of the Code.

Title SOLAS 1996-1998 Amend / Chapter III / Reg. 27

Effective Date 1-7-1998

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-7-1998

Retroactive Retroactive Requirement for Existing Ships.

Regulation
27

Information
on passengers

1 All persons on board all passenger
ships shall be counted prior to departure.

2 Details of persons who have
declared a need for special care or assistance in emergency situations shall be
recorded and communicated to the master prior to departure.

3 In addition, not later than 1
January 1999, the names and gender of all persons on board, distinguishing
between adults, children and infants shall be recorded for search and rescue
purposes.

4 The information required by
paragraphs 1, 2 and 3 shall be kept ashore and made readily available to search
and rescue services when needed.

5 Administrations may exempt
passenger ships from the requirements of paragraph 3, if the scheduled voyages
of such ships render it impracticable for them to prepare such records.

Title SOLAS 1996-1998 Amend / Chapter III / Reg. 28.1

Effective Date 1-7-1998

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-7-1998

Retroactive Retroactive Requirement for Existing Ships.

Regulation
28

Helicopter
landing and pick-up areas

1 All ro-ro passenger ships shall be
provided with a helicopter pick-up area approved by the Administration having
regard to the recommendations adopted by the Organization.*

* Refer to the International
Aeronautical and Maritime Search and Rescue Manual(IAMSAR Manual).

Title SOLAS 1999/2000 Amend / Chapter III / Reg. 28.2

Effective Date 1-1-2002

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-7-1999

2 Ro-ro** passenger ships of 130 m in
length and upwards, constructed on or after 1 July 1999, shall be fitted with a
helicopter landing area approved by the Administration having regard to the
recommendations adopted by the

Organization.***

** Refer to MSC/Circ.907, Application of SOLAS regulation
III/28.2 concerning helicopter landing areas on non-ro-ro passenger ships.

*** Refer to MSC/Circ.895, Recommendation on helicopter
landing areas on ro-ro passenger ships and Guidelines for approval of
helicopter foam fire-fighting appliances (
MSC.1/Circ.1431).

Title SOLAS 1996-1998 Amend / Chapter III / Reg. 29

Effective Date 1-7-1998

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-7-1998

Retroactive Retroactive Requirement for Existing Ships.

Regulation
29

Decision
support system for masters of passenger ships

1 This regulation applies to all
passenger ships. Passenger ships constructed before 1 July 1997 shall comply
with the requirements of this regulation not later than the date of the first
periodical survey after 1 July 1999.

2 In all passenger ships, a decision
support system for emergency management shall be provided on the navigation
bridge.

3 The system shall, as a minimum,
consist of a printed emergency plan or plans.* All foreseeable emergency
situations shall be identified in the emergency plan or plans, including, but
not limited to, the following main groups of

emergencies:

** Refer to Revised Guidelines for
a structure of an integrated system of contingency planning for shipboard
emergencies (
resolution A.1072(28) and Corr.1).

.1 fire;

.2 damage to ship;

.3 pollution;

.4 unlawful acts threatening the safety
of the ship and the security of its passengers and crew;

.5 personnel accidents;

.6 cargo-related accidents;and

.7 emergency assistance to other
ships.

4 The emergency procedures
established in the emergency plan or plans shall provide decision support to
masters for handling any combination of emergency situations.

5 The emergency plan or plans shall
have a uniform structure and be easy to use. Where applicable, the actual
loading condition as calculated for the passenger ship’s voyage stability shall
be used for damage control purposes.

6 In addition to the printed
emergency plan or plans, the Administration may also accept the use of a
computer-based decision support system on the navigation bridge which provides
all the information contained in the emergency plan or

plans, procedures, checklists, etc.,
which is able to present a list of recommended actions to be carried out in
foreseeable emergencies.

Title SOLAS 2017 Amendment (98th) / Chapter III / Reg. 30

Effective Date 1-1-2020

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-1-2020

Retroactive Retroactive Requirement for Existing Ships.

Regulation
30

Drills

1 This regulation applies to all
passenger ships.

2 On passenger ships, an abandon ship
drill and fire drill shall take place weekly. The entire crew need not be
involved in every drill, but each crew member must participate in an abandon
ship drill and a fire drill each month as required in

regulation 19.3.2. Passengers shall
be strongly encouraged to attend these drills.

3 Damage control drills shall be
conducted as required in regulation II-1/19-1.( Added by
Res.MSC.421(98))

Title SOLAS 2006 Amend / Chapter III / Reg. 31

Effective Date 1-7-2008

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-7-2008

Note

Life-saving appliances or
arrangements replaced or added to existing life-saving appliances or
arrangements, in so far as is reasonable and practicable, are required to

comply with the applicable
requirements of SOLAS chapter III and LSA code. However, if a survival craft
other than an inflatable liferaft is replaced without replacing

its launching appliance, or vice
versa, the survival craft or launching appliance may be of the same type as
that replaced.

SECTION
III-CARGO SHIPS

(ADDITIONAL
REQUIREMENTS)

Regulation
31

Survival
craft and rescue boats

1 Survival craft

1.1 Cargo ships shall carry:

.1 one or more totally enclosed
lifeboats complying with the requirements of section 4.6 of the Code of such
aggregate capacity on each side of the ship as will accommodate the total
number of persons on board;and

.2 in addition, one or more
inflatable or rigid liferafts, complying with the requirements of section 4.2
or 4.3 of the Code, of a mass of less than 185 kg and stowed in a position
providing for easy side-to-side transfer at a single open

deck level, and of such aggregate
capacity as will accommodate the total number of persons on board. If the
liferaft or liferafts are not of a mass of less than 185 kg and stowed in a
position providing for easy side-to-side transfer at a

single open deck level, the total
capacity available on each side shall be sufficient to accommodate the total
number of persons on board. ( Replaced by
Res.MSC.216(82))

1.2 In lieu of meeting the
requirements of paragraph 1.1, cargo ships may carry:

.1 one or more free-fall lifeboats, complying
with the requirements of section 4.7 of the Code, capable of being free-fall
launched over the stern of the ship of such aggregate capacity as will
accommodate the total number of persons

on board; and

.2 in addition, one or more
inflatable or rigid liferafts complying with the requirements of section 4.2 or
4.3 of the Code, on each side of the ship, of such aggregate capacity as will
accommodate the total number of persons on board.

The liferafts on at least one side of
the ship shall be served by launching appliances.

1.3 In lieu of meeting the
requirements of paragraph 1.1 or 1.2, cargo ships of less than 85 m in length
other than oil tankers, chemical tankers and gas carriers, may comply with the
following:

.1 they shall carry on each side of
the ship, one or more inflatable or rigid liferafts complying with the
requirements of section 4.2 or 4.3 of the Code and of such aggregate capacity
as will accommodate the total number of persons on

board;

.2 unless the liferafts required by
paragraph 1.3.1 are of a mass of less than 185 kg and stowed in a position
providing for easy side-to-side transfer at a single open deck level,
additional liferafts shall be provided so that the total

capacity available on each side will
accommodate 150% of the total number of persons on board; ( Replaced by
Res.MSC.216(82))

.3 if the rescue boat required by
paragraph 2 is also a totally enclosed lifeboat complying with the requirements
of section 4.6 of the Code, it may be included in the aggregate capacity
required by paragraph 1.3.1, provided that the

total capacity available on either
side of the ship is at least 150% of the total number of persons on board;and

.4 in the event of any one survival
craft being lost or rendered unserviceable, there shall be sufficient survival
craft available for use on each side, including any which are of a mass of less
than 185 kg and stowed in a position

providing for easy side-to-side
transfer at a single open deck level, to accommodate the total number of
persons on board. ( Replaced by
Res.MSC.216(82))

Refer to the IACS UI SC215 Embarkation Ladder

1.4 Cargo ships where the horizontal
distance from the extreme end of the stem or stern of the ship to the nearest
end of the closest survival craft is more than 100 m shall carry, in addition
to the liferafts required by paragraphs 1.1.2

and 1.2.2, a liferaft stowed as far
forward of aft, or one as far forward and another as far aft, as is reasonable
and practicable. Such liferaft or liferafts may be securely fastened so as to
permit manual release and need not be of the type

which can be launched from an
approved launching device.

Refer to MSC.1/Circ.1490 Unified Interpretation of SOLAS
Regulation III/31.1.4

Refer to the IACS UI SC213 Arrangements for remotely located
survival craft

1.5 With the exception of the
survival craft referred to in regulation 16.1.1, all survival craft required to
provide for abandonment by the total number of persons on board shall be
capable of being launched with their full complement of

persons and equipment within a period
of 10 min from the time the abandon ship signal is given.

1.6 Chemical tankers and gas carriers
carrying cargoes emitting toxic vapours or gases*1shall carry, in lieu of
totally enclosed lifeboats complying with the requirements of section 4.6 of
the Code, lifeboats with a self-contained air

support system complying with the
requirements of section 4.8 of the Code.

* Refer to products for which
emergency escape respiratory protection is required in chapter 17 of the
International Code for the Construction and Equipment of Ships Carrying
Dangerous Chemicals in Bulk(IBC Code), adopted by the

Maritime Safety Committee by resolution MSC.4(48) and in chapter
19 of the International Code for the Construction and Equipment of Ships
Carrying Liquefied Gases in Bulk(IGC Code), adopted by the Maritime Safety
Committee

by resolution MSC.5(48), as amended.

1.7 Oil tankers, chemical tankers and
gas carriers carrying cargoes having a flash point not exceeding 60°C(closed
cup test) shall carry, in lieu of totally enclosed lifeboats complying with the
requirements of section 4.6 of the Code, fireprotected

lifeboats complying with the
requirements of section 4.9 of the Code.

1.8 Notwithstanding the requirements
of paragraph 1.1, bulk carriers as defined in regulation IX/1.6 constructed on
or after 1 July 2006 shall comply with the requirements of paragraph 1.2.

Refer to the IACS UI SC226 IACS Unified Interpretations (UI)
for the application of SOLAS regulations to conversions of Single Hull Tanker
to Double Hull Tanker or Bulk Carrier/Ore Carrier

2 Rescue boats

Cargo ships shall carry at least one
rescue boat complying with the requirements of section 5.1 of the Code. A
lifeboat may be accepted as a rescue boat, provided that it and its launching
and recovery arrangements also comply with the

requirements for a rescue boat. (
Replaced by
Res.MSC.216(82))

3 In addition to their lifeboats, all
cargo ships constructed before 1 July 1986 shall carry:

.1 one or more liferafts capable of
being launched on either side of the ship and of such aggregate capacity as
will accommodate the total number of persons on board. The liferaft or
liferafts shall be equipped with a lashing or an

equivalent means of securing the
liferaft which will automatically release it from a sinking ship;and

.2 where the horizontal distance from
the extreme end of the stem or stern of the ship to the nearest end of the
closest survival craft is more than 100 m, in addition to the liferafts
required by paragraph 3.1, a liferaft stowed as far

forward or aft, or one as far forward
and another as far aft, as is reasonable and practicable. Notwithstanding the
requirements of paragraph 3.1, such liferaft or liferafts may be securely
fastened so as to permit manual release.

Title SOLAS 1996-1998 Amend / Chapter III / Reg. 32.1

Effective Date 1-7-1998

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-7-1998

Note Life-saving appliances or arrangements replaced or added to
existing life-saving appliances or arrangements, in so far as is reasonable and
practicable, are required to

comply with the applicable
requirements of SOLAS chapter III and LSA code.

Regulation
32

Personal
life-saving appliances

1 Lifebuoys

1.1 Cargo ships shall carry not less
than the number of lifebuoys complying with the requirements of regulation 7.1
and section 2.1 of the Code prescribed in the following table:

Length of ship in metres Minimum
number of lifebuoys

under 100 8

100 and under 150 10

150 and under 200 12

200 and over 14

1.2 Self-igniting lights for lifebuoys
on tankers required by regulation 7.1.3 shall be of an electric battery type.

Title SOLAS 1996-1998 Amend / Chapter III / Reg. 32.2

Effective Date 1-7-1998

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-7-1998

Retroactive Retroactive Requirement for Existing Ships.

Note Life-saving appliances or arrangements replaced or added to
existing life-saving appliances or arrangements, in so far as is reasonable and
practicable, are required to

comply with the applicable
requirements of SOLAS chapter III and LSA code.

2 Lifejacket lights

2.1 This paragraph applies to all
cargo ships.

2.2 On cargo ships, each lifejacket
shall be fitted with a lifejacket light complying with the requirements of
paragraph 2.2.3 of the Code.

2.3 Lights fitted on lifejackets on
board cargo ships prior to 1 July 1998 and not complying fully with paragraph
2.2.3 of the Code may be accepted by the Administration until the lifejacket
light would normally be replaced or until the first

periodical survey after 1 July 2001,
whichever is the earliest.

Title SOLAS 2006 Amend / Chapter III / Reg. 32.3

Effective Date 1-7-2008

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-7-2008

Retroactive Retroactive Requirement for Existing Ships.

Note Life-saving appliances or arrangements replaced or added to
existing life-saving appliances or arrangements, in so far as is reasonable and
practicable, are required to

comply with the applicable
requirements of SOLAS chapter III and LSA code.

3 Immersion suits

3.1 This paragraph applies to all
cargo ships. However, with respect to cargo ships constructed before 1 July
2006, paragraphs 3.2 to 3.5 shall be complied with not later than the first
safety equipment survey on or after 1 July 2006.

3.2 An immersion suit of an
appropriate size, ( Inserted by
Res.MSC.216(82)) complying with the requirements of section 2.3 of the Code shall
be provided for every person on board the ship. However, for ships other than
bulk

carriers, as defined in regulation
IX/1, these immersion suits need not be required if the ship is constantly
engaged on voyages in warm climates** where, in the opinion of the
Administration, immersion suits are unnecessary.

** Refer to the Guidelines for
assessment of thermal protection (
MSC/Circ.1046).

3.3 If a ship has any watch or work
stations which are located remotely from the place or places where immersion
suits are normally stowed, including remotely located survival craft carried in
accordance with regulation 31.1.4 (

Inserted by Res.MSC.216(82)) additional immersion suits of an
appropriate size ( Inserted by
Res.MSC.216(82)) shall be provided at these locations for the number of persons
normally on watch or working at those locations at any

time.

3.4 Immersion suits shall be so
placed as to be readily accessible and their position shall be plainly
indicated.

3.5 The immersion suits required by
this regulation may be used to comply with the requirements of regulation 7.3.

Title SOLAS 1996-1998 Amend / Chapter III / Reg. 33

Effective Date 1-7-1998

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-7-1998

Regulation
33

Survival
craft embarkation and launching arrangements

1 Cargo ship survival craft
embarkation arrangements shall be so designed that lifeboats can be boarded and
launched directly from the stowed position and davit-launched liferafts can be
boarded and launched from a position immediately

adjacent to the stowed position of
from a position to which the liferaft is transferred prior to launching in
compliance with the requirements of regulation 13.5.

2 On cargo ships of 20,000 gross
tonnage and upwards, lifeboats shall be capable of being launched, where
necessary utilizing painters, with the ship making headway at speeds up to 5
knots in calm water.

Title SOLAS 1996-1998 Amend / Chapter III / Reg. 34

Effective Date 1-7-1998

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-7-1998

SECTION
IV-LIFE-SAVING APPLIANCES AND ARRANGEMENTS REQUIREMENTS

Regulation
34

All life-saving appliances and
arrangements shall comply with the applicable requirements of the Code.

Title SOLAS 2006 Amend / Chapter III / Reg. 35

Effective Date 1-7-2008

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-7-2008

Retroactive Retroactive Requirement for Existing Ships.

Note Paragraph 5 enters into force on 1 July 2008.

SECTION
V-MISCELLANEOUS

Regulation
35

Training
manual and on-board training aids

1 This regulation applies to all
ships.

2 A training manual complying with
the requirements of paragraph 3 shall be provided in each crew mess room and
recreation room or in each crew cabin.

3 The training manual, which may
comprise several volumes, shall contain instructions and information, in easily
understood terms illustrated wherever possible, on the life-saving appliances
provided in the ship and on the best methods of

survival. Any part of such
information may be provided in the form of audio-visual aids in lieu of the
manual. The following shall be explained in detail:

.1 donning of lifejackets, immersion
suits and anti-exposure suits, as appropriate;

.2 muster at the assigned stations;

.3 boarding, launching, and clearing
the survival craft and rescue boats, including, where applicable, use of marine
evacuation systems;

.4 method of launching from within
the survival craft;

.5 release from launching appliances;

.6 methods and use of devices for
protection in launching areas, where appropriate;

.7 illumination in launching areas;

.8 use of all survival equipment;

.9 use of all detection equipment;

.10 with the assistance of
illustrations, the use of radio life-saving appliances;

.11 use of drogues;

.12 use of engine and accessories;

.13 recovery of survival craft and
rescue boats including stowage and securing;

.14 hazards of exposure and the need
for warm clothing;

.15 best use of the survival craft
facilities in order to survive;

.16 methods of retrieval, including
the use of helicopter rescue gear(slings, baskets, stretchers), breeches-buoy
and shore life-saving apparatus and ship’s line-throwing apparatus;

.17 all other functions contained in
the muster list and emergency instructions;and

.18 instructions for emergency repair
of the life-saving appliances.

4 Every ship fitted with a marine
evacuation system shall be provided with on-board training aids in the use of
the system.

5 The training manual shall be
written in the working language of the ship. ( Added by
Res.MSC.216(82))

Title SOLAS 1996-1998 Amend / Chapter III / Reg. 36

Effective Date 1-7-1998

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-7-1998

Retroactive Retroactive Requirement for Existing Ships.

Note * Refer to MSC.1/Circ.1206/Rev.1 for MEASURES TO PREVENT ACCIDENTS
WITH LIFEBOATS.

Regulation
36

Instructions
for on-board maintenance

Instructions for on-board maintenance
of life-saving appliances shall be easily understood, illustrated wherever
possible, and, as appropriate, shall include the following for each appliance:

.1 a checklist for use when carrying
out the inspections required by regulation 20.7;

.2 maintenance and repair
instructions;

.3 schedule of periodic maintenance;

.4 diagram of lubrication points with
the recommended lubricants;

.5 list of replaceable parts;

.6 list of sources of spare parts;and

.7 log for records of inspections and
maintenance.

Title SOLAS 2017 Amendment (98th) / Chapter III / Reg. 37

Effective Date 1-1-2020

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-1-2020

Retroactive Retroactive Requirement for Existing Ships.

Regulation
37

Muster
list and emergency instructions

1 The muster list shall specify
details of the general emergency alarm and public address system prescribed by
section 7.2 of the Code and also action to be taken by crew and passengers when
this alarm is sounded. The muster list shall

also specify how the order to abandon
ship will be given.

2 Each passenger ship shall have
procedures in place for locating and rescuing passengers trapped in their
staterooms.

3 The muster list shall show the
duties assigned to the different members of the crew including:

.1 closing of the watertight doors,
fire doors, valves, scuppers, sidescuttles, skylights, portholes and other
similar openings in the ship;

.2 equipping of the survival craft
and other life-saving appliances;

.3 preparation and launching of
survival craft;

.4 general preparations of other
life-saving appliances;

.5 muster of passengers;

.6 use of communication equipment;

.7 manning of fire parties assigned
to deal with fires;( Replaced by
Res.MSC.421(98))

.8 special duties assigned in respect
to the use of fire-fighting equipment and installations; and

.9 for passenger ships only, damage
control for flooding emergencies.

4 The muster list shall specify which
officers are assigned to ensure that life-saving and fire appliances are
maintained in good condition and are ready for immediate use.

5 The muster list shall specify
substitutes for key persons who may become disabled, taking into account that
different emergencies may call for different actions.

6 The muster list shall show the
duties assigned to members of the crew in relation to passengers in case of
emergency. These duties shall include:

.1 warning the passengers;

.2 seeing that they are suitably clad
and have donned their lifejackets correctly;

.3 assembling passengers at muster
stations;

.4 keeping order in the passageways
and on the stairways and generally controlling the movements of the
passengers;and

.5 ensuring that a supply of blankets
is taken to the survival craft.

7 The muster list shall be prepared
before the ship proceeds to sea. After the muster list has been prepared, if
any change takes place in the crew which necessitates an alteration in the
muster list, the master shall either revise the list or

prepare a new list.

8 The format of the muster list used
on passenger ships shall be approved.

Title SOLAS 2006 Amend / Chapter III / Reg. 38

Effective Date 1-7-2010

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-7-2010

Note This regulation added by Res.MSC.216(82) and enters into force on
1 July 2010.

( Added by Res.MSC.216(82))

PART C

ALTERNATIVE
DESIGN AND ARRANGEMENTS

Regulation
38

Alternative
design and arrangements

1 Purpose

The purpose of this regulation is to provide
a methodology for alternative design and arrangements for life-saving
appliances and arrangements.

2 General

2.1 Life-saving appliances and
arrangements may deviate from the requirements set out in part B, provided that
the alternative design and arrangements meet the intent of the requirements
concerned and provide an equivalent level of

safety to this chapter.

2.2 When alternative design or
arrangements deviate from the prescriptive requirements of part B, an
engineering analysis, evaluation and approval of the design and arrangements
shall be carried out in accordance with this regulation.

3 Engineering analysis

The engineering analysis shall be
prepared and submitted to the Administration, based on the guidelines developed
by the Organization* and shall include, as a minimum, the following
elements:

* Refer to the Guidelines on alternative design and arrangements
for SOLAS chapters II-1 and III (
MSC.1/Circ.1212).

.1 determination of the ship type and
the life-saving appliance and arrangements concerned;

.2 identification of the prescriptive
requirement(s) with which the life-saving appliance and arrangements will not
comply;

.3 identification of the reason the
proposed design will not meet the prescriptive requirements supported by
compliance with other recognized engineering or industry standards;

.4 determination of the performance
criteria for the ship and the life-saving appliance and arrangements concerned
addressed by the relevant prescriptive requirement(s):

.4.1 performance criteria shall
provide a level of safety not inferior to the relevant prescriptive
requirements contained in part B; and

.4.2 performance criteria shall be
quantifiable and measurable;

.5 detailed description of the
alternative design and arrangements, including a list of the assumptions used
in the design and any proposed operational restrictions or conditions;

.6 technical justification
demonstrating that the alternative design and arrangements meet the safety
performance criteria; and

.7 risk assessment based on
identification of the potential faults and hazards associated with the
proposal.

4 Evaluation of the alternative
design and arrangements

4.1 The engineering analysis required
in paragraph 3 shall be evaluated and approved by the Administration, taking
into account the guidelines developed by the Organization.**

** Refer to the Guidelines on alternative design and arrangements
for SOLAS chapters II-1 and III (
MSC.1/Circ.1212).

4.2 A copy of the documentation, as
approved by the Administration, indicating that the alternative design and
arrangements comply with this regulation, shall be carried on board the ship.

5 Exchange of information

The Administration shall communicate
to the Organization pertinent information concerning alternative design and
arrangements approved by them for circulation to all Contracting Governments.

6 Re-evaluation due to change of
conditions

If the assumptions and operational
restrictions that were stipulated in the alternative design and arrangements
are changed, the engineering analysis shall be carried out under the changed
condition and shall be approved by the

Administration.

Title SOLAS 1988 Amend / Chapter III / Reg. 41

Effective Date 1-2-1992

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-2-1992

Invalid from 11-4-1988

Note

– Life-saving appliances or
arrangements replaced or added to existing life-saving appliances or
arrangements, in so far as is reasonable and practicable, are required

to comply with the applicable
requirements of SOLAS chapter III and LSA code. However, if a survival craft
other than an inflatable liferaft is replaced without

replacing its launching appliance, or
vice versa, the survival craft or launching appliance may be of the same type
as that replaced.

– The reason for this paradox is a
result that the regulation adopted on 9 November 1988 and never came into force
as it reads here. The regulation was amended

on11 April 1989 by Res.MSC.13(57)
with a same effective date.

Regulation
41

General
requirements for lifeboats

1 Construction of lifeboats

1.1 All lifeboats shall be properly
constructed and shall be of such form and proportions that they have ample
stability in a seaway and sufficient freeboard when loaded with their full
complement of persons and equipment. All lifeboats

shall have rigid hulls and shall be
capable of maintaining positive stability when in an upright position in calm
water and loaded with their full complement of persons and equipment and holed
in any one location below the waterline,

assuming no loss of buoyancy material
and no other damage.

1.2 All lifeboats shall be of
sufficient strength to:

.1 enable them to be safely lowered
into the water when loaded with their full complement of persons and equipment;
and

.2 be capable of being launched and
towed when the ship is making headway at a speed of 5 knots in calm water.

1.3 Hulls and rigid covers shall be
fire-retardant or non-combustible.

1.4 Seating shall be provided on
thwarts, benches or fixed chairs fitted as low as practicable in the lifeboat
and constructed so as to be capable of supporting the number of persons each
weighing 100kg for which spaces are provided in

compliance with the requirements of
paragraph 2.2.2.

1.5 Each lifeboat shall be of
sufficient strength to withstand a load, without residual deflection on removal
of that load:

.1 in the case of boats with metal
hulls, 1.25 times the total mass of the lifeboat when loaded with its full
complement of persons and equipment; or

.2 in the case of other boats, twice
the total mass of the lifeboat when loaded with its full complement of persons
and equipment.

1.6 Each lifeboat shall be of
sufficient strength to withstand, when loaded with its full complement of
persons and equipment and with, where applicable, skates or fenders in
position, a lateral impact against the ship’s side at an impact

velocity of at least 3.5m/s and also
a drop into the water from a height of at least 3m.

1.7 The vertical distance between the
floor surface and the interior of the enclosure or canopy over 50 per cent of
the floor area shall be:

.1 not less than 1.3m for a lifeboat
permitted to accommodate nine persons or less;

.2 not less than 1.7m for a lifeboat
permitted to accommodate 24 persons or more;

.3 not less than the distance as
determined by linear interpolation between 1.3m and 1.7m for a lifeboat
permitted to accommodate between nine and 24 persons.

2 Carrying capacity of lifeboats

2.1 No lifeboat shall be approved to
accommodate more than 150 persons.

2.2 The number of persons which a
lifeboat shall be permitted to accommodate shall be equal to the lesser of:

.1 the number of persons having an
average mass of 75kg, all wearing life-jackets, that can be seated in a normal
position without interfering with the means of propulsion or the operation of
any of the lifeboat’s equipment; or

.2 the number of spaces that can be
provided on the seating arrangements in accordance with figure 1. The shapes
may be overlapped as shown, provided footrests are fitted and there is
sufficient room for legs and the vertical

separation between the upper and
lower seat is not less than 350mm .

Figure 1

2.3 Each seating position shall be
clearly indicated in the lifeboat.

3 Access into lifeboats

3.1 Every passenger ship lifeboat
shall be so arranged that it can be rapidly boarded by its full complement of
persons. Rapid disembarkation shall also be possible.

3.2 Every cargo ship lifeboat shall
be so arranged that it can be boarded by its full complement of persons in not
more than 3 min from the time the instruction to board is given. Rapid
disembarkation shall also be possible.

3.3 Lifeboats shall have a boarding
ladder that can be used on either side of the lifeboat to enable persons in the
water to board the lifeboat. The lowest step of the ladder shall be not less
than 0.4 m below the lifeboat’s light waterline.

3.4 The lifeboat shall be so arranged
that helpless people can be brought on board either from the sea or on
stretchers.

3.5 All surfaces on which persons
might walk shall have a non-skid finish.

4 Lifeboat buoyancy

All lifeboats shall have inherent
buoyancy or shall be fitted with inherently buoyant material which shall not be
adversely affected by seawater, oil or oil products, sufficient to float the
lifeboat with all its equipment on board when flooded

and open to the sea. Additional
inherently buoyant material, equal to 280N of buoyant force per person shall be
provided for the number of persons the lifeboat is permitted to accommodate.
Buoyant material, unless in addition to that

required above, shall not be
installed external to the hull of the lifeboat.

5 Lifeboat freeboard and stability

All lifeboats, when loaded with 50per
cent of the number of persons the lifeboat is permitted to accommodate seated
in their normal positions to one side of the centerline, shall have a
freeboard, measured from the waterline to the

lowest opening through which the
lifeboat may become flooded, of at least 1.5 per cent of the lifeboat’s length
or 100mm, whichever is the greater.

6 Lifeboat propulsion

6.1 Every lifeboat shall be powered
by a compression ignition engine. No engine shall be used for any lifeboat if
its fuel has a flashpoint of 43°C or less (closed cup test).

6.2 The engine shall be provided with
either a manual starting system, or a power starting system with two
independent rechargeable energy sources. Any necessary starting aids shall also
be provided. The engine starting systems and

starting aids shall start the engine
at an ambient temperature of -15°C within 2 min of commencing the start
procedure unless, in the opinion of the Administration having regard to the
particular voyages in which the ship carrying the

lifeboat is constantly engaged, a
different temperature is appropriate. The starting systems shall not be impeded
by the engine casing, thwarts or other obstructions.

6.3 The engine shall be capable of
operating for not less than 5 min after starting from cold with the lifeboat
out of the water.

6.4 The engine shall be capable of
operating when the lifeboat is flooded up to the centerline of the crank shaft.

6.5 The propeller shafting shall be
so arranged that the propeller can be disengaged from the engine. Provision
shall be made for ahead and astern propulsion of the lifeboat.

6.6 The exhaust pipe shall be so
arranged as to prevent water from entering the engine in normal operation.

6.7 All lifeboats shall be designed
with due regard to the safety of persons in the water and to the possibility of
damage to the propulsion system by floating debris.

6.8 The speed of a lifeboat when
proceeding ahead in calm water, when loaded with its full complement of persons
and equipment and with all engine-powered auxiliary equipment in operation,
shall be at least 6 knots and at least 2

knots when towing a 25-person
liferaft loaded with its full complement of persons and equipment or its
equivalent. Sufficient fuel, suitable for use throughout the temperature range
expected in the area in which the ship operates, shall

be provided to run the fully loaded
lifeboat at 6 knots for a period of not less than 24 h.

6.9 The lifeboat engine, transmission
and engine accessories shall be enclosed in a fire-retardant casing or other
suitable arrangements providing similar protection. Such arrangements shall
also protect persons from coming into

accidental contact with hot or moving
parts and protect the engine from exposure to weather and sea. Adequate means
shall be provided to reduce the engine noise. Starter batteries shall be
provided with casings which form a watertight

enclosure around the bottom and sides
of the batteries. The battery casings shall have a tight fitting top which
provides for necessary gas venting.

6.10 The lifeboat engine and
accessories shall be designed to limit electromagnetic emissions so that engine
operation does not interfere with the operation of radio life-saving appliances
used in the lifeboat.

6.11 Means shall be provided for
recharging all engine-starting, radio and searchlight batteries. Radio
batteries shall not be used to provide power for engine starting. Means shall
be provided for recharging lifeboat batteries from the

ship’s power supply at a supply
voltage not exceeding 55 V which can be disconnected at the lifeboat
embarkation station.

6.12 Water-resistant instructions for
starting and operating the engine shall be provided and mounted in a
conspicuous place near the engine starting controls.

7 Lifeboat fittings

7.1 All lifeboats shall be provided
with at least one drain valve fitted near the lowest point in the hull, which
shall automatically open to drain water from the hull when the lifeboat is not
waterborne and shall automatically close to prevent

entry of water when the lifeboat is
waterborne. Each drain valve shall be provided with a cap or plug to close the
valve, which shall be attached to the lifeboat by a lanyard, a chain, or other
suitable means. Drain valves shall be readily

accessible from inside the lifeboat
and their position shall be clearly indicated.

7.2 All lifeboats shall be provided
with a rudder and tiller. When a wheel or other remote steering mechanism is
also provided the tiller shall be capable of controlling the rudder in case of
failure of the steering mechanism. The rudder

shall be permanently attached to the
lifeboat. The tiller shall be permanently installed on, or linked to, the
rudder stock; however, if the lifeboat has a remote steering mechanism, the
tiller may be removable and securely stowed near the

rudder stock. The rudder and tiller
shall be so arranged as not to be damaged by operation of the release mechanism
or the propeller.

7.3 Except in the vicinity of the
rudder and propeller, a buoyant lifeline shall be becketed around the outside
of the lifeboat.

7.4 Lifeboats which are not
self-righting when capsized shall have suitable handholds on the underside of
the hull to enable persons to cling to the lifeboat. The handholds shall be
fastened to the lifeboat in such a way that, when

subjected to an impact sufficient to
cause them to break away from the lifeboat, they break away without damaging
the lifeboat.

7.5 All lifeboats shall be fitted
with sufficient watertight lockers or compartments to provide for the storage
of the small items of equipment, water and provisions required by paragraph 8.
Means shall be provided for the storage of

collected rainwater.

7.6 Every lifeboat to be launched by
a fall or falls shall be fitted with a release mechanism complying with the
following requirements:

.1 The mechanism shall be so arranged
that all hooks are released simultaneously .

.2 The mechanism shall have two
release capabilities as follows:

.2.1 a normal release capability
which will release the lifeboat when it is waterborne or when there is no load
on the hooks;

.2.2 an on-load release capability
which will release the lifeboat with a load on the hooks. This release shall be
so arranged as to release the lifeboat under any conditions of loading from
no-load with the lifeboat waterborne to a

load of 1.1 times the total mass of
the lifeboat when loaded with its full complement of persons and equipment.
This release capability shall be adequately protected against accidental or
premature use.

.3 The release control shall be
clearly marked in a colour that contrasts with its surroundings.

.4 The mechanism shall be designed with
a factor of safety of 6 based on the ultimate strength of the materials used,
assuming the mass of the lifeboat is equally distributed between the falls.

7.7 Every lifeboat shall be fitted
with a release device to enable the forward painter to be released when under
tension.

7.8 Every lifeboat which is fitted
with a fixed two-way VHF radiotelephone apparatus with an antenna which is
separately mounted shall be provided with arrangements for siting and securing
the antenna effectively in its operating

position.

7.9 Lifeboats intended for launching
down the side of a ship shall have skates and fenders as necessary to
facilitate launching and prevent damage to the lifeboat.

7.10 A manually controlled lamp
visible on a dark night with a clear atmosphere at a distance of at least 2
miles for a period of not less than 12 h shall be fitted to the top of the
cover or enclosure. If the light is a flashing light, it shall

initially flash at a rate of not less
than 50 flashes per minute over the first 2 h of operation of the 12 h
operating period.

7.11 A lamp or source of light shall
be fitted inside the lifeboat to provide illumination for not less than 12 h to
enable reading of survival and equipment instructions; however, oil lamps shall
not be permitted for this purpose.

7.12 Unless expressly provided
otherwise, every lifeboat shall be provided with effective means of bailing or
be automatically self-bailing.

7.13 Every lifeboat shall be so
arranged that an adequate view forward, aft and to both sides is provided from
the control and steering position for safe launching and manoeuvring.

8 Lifeboat equipment

All items of lifeboat equipment,
whether required by this paragraph or elsewhere in this chapter, with the
exception of boat-hooks which shall be kept free for fending off purposes,
shall be secured within the lifeboat by lashings, storage

in lockers or compartments, storage
in brackets or similar mounting arrangements or other suitable means. The
equipment shall be secured in such a manner as not to interfere with any
abandonment procedures. All items of lifeboat

equipment shall be as small and of as
little mass as possible and shall be packed in a suitable and compact form.
Except where otherwise stated, the normal equipment of every lifeboat shall consist
of:

.1 sufficient buoyant oars to make
headway in calm seas. Thole pins, crutches or equivalent arrangements shall be
provided for each oar provided. Thole pins or crutches shall be attached to the
boat by lanyards or chains;

.2 two boat-hooks;

.3 a buoyant bailer and two buckets;

.4 a survival manual;

.5 a binnacle containing an efficient
compass which is luminous or provided with suitable means of illumination. In a
totally enclosed lifeboat, the binnacle shall be permanently fitted at the
steering position; in any other lifeboat, it

shall be provided with suitable
mounting arrangements;

.6 a sea-anchor of adequate size
fitted with a shock-resistant hawser and a tripping line which provides a firm
hand grip when wet. The strength of the sea-anchor, hawser and tripping line
shall be adequate for all sea conditions;

.7 two efficient painters of a length
equal to not less than twice the distance from the stowage position of the
lifeboat to the waterline in the lightest seagoing condition or 15 m, whichever
is the greater. One painter attached to the

release device required by regulation
41.7.7 shall be placed at the forward end of the lifeboat and the other shall
be firmly secured at or near the bow of the lifeboat ready for use;

.8 two hatchets, one at each end of
the lifeboat;

.9 watertight receptacles containing
a total of 3 l of fresh water for each person the lifeboat is permitted to
accommodate, of which 1 l per person may be replaced by a de-salting apparatus
capable of producing an equal amount of

fresh water in 2 days;

.10 a rustproof dipper with lanyard;

.11 a rustproof graduated drinking
vessel;

.12 a food ration totalling not less
than 10,000 kJ for each person the lifeboat is permitted to accommodate; these
rations shall be kept in airtight packaging and be stowed in a watertight
container;

.13 four rocket parachute flares
complying with the requirements of regulation 35;

.14 six hand flares complying with
the requirements of regulation 36;

.15 two buoyant smoke signals
complying with the requirements of regulation 37;

.16 one waterproof electric torch
suitable for Morse signalling together with one spare set of batteries and one
spare bulb in a waterproof container;

.17 one daylight signalling mirror
with instructions for its use for signalling to ships and aircraft;

.18 one copy of the life-saving
signals prescribed by regulation V/16 on a waterproof card or in a waterproof
container;

.19 one whistle or equivalent sound
signal;

.20 a first-aid outfit in a
waterproof case capable of being closed tightly after use;

.21 six doses of anti-seasickness
medicine and one seasickness bag for each person;

.22 a jack-knife to be kept attached
to the boat by a lanyard;

.23 three tin openers;

.24 two buoyant rescue quoits,
attached to not less than 30m of buoyant line;

.25 a manual pump;

.26 one set of fishing tackle;

.27 sufficient tools for minor
adjustments to the engine and its accessories;

.28 portable fire-extinguishing
equipment suitable for extinguishing oil fires;

.29 a searchlight capable of effectively
illuminating a light-coloured object at night having a width of 18m at a
distance of 180m for a total period of 6h and of working for not less than 3h
continuously;

.30 an efficient radar reflector,
unless a survival craft radar transponder is stowed in the lifeboat;

.31 thermal protective aids complying
with the requirements of regulation 34 sufficient for 10per cent of the number
of persons the lifeboat is permitted to accommodate or two, whichever is the
greater.

.32 In the case of ships engaged on
voyages of such a nature and duration that, in the opinion of the
Administration, the items specified in paragraphs 8.12 and 8.26 are
unnecessary, the Administration may allow these items to be

dispensed with.

Title SOLAS 2001-2003 Amend / Chapter IV / Reg. 1

Effective Date 1-1-2004

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-1-2004

Retroactive Retroactive Requirement for Existing Ships.

CHAPTER
IV

Radiocommunications

Part A – GENERAL

Regulation
1

Application

1 Unless expressly otherwise, this
chapter applies to all ships to which the present regulations apply and to
cargo ships of 300 tons gross tonnage and upwards.

2 This chapter does not apply to
ships to which the present regulations would otherwise apply while such ships
are being navigated within the Great Lakes of North America and their
connecting and tributary waters as far east as the lower

exit of the St. Lambert Lock at
Montreal in the Province of Quebec, Canada.*

* Such ships are subject to special
requirements relative to radio for safety purposes, as contained in the
relevant agreement between Canada and the United States of America.

3 No provision in this chapter shall
prevent the use by any ship, survival craft or person in distress, of any means
at their disposal to attract attention, make known their position and obtain
help.

Title SOLAS 2018 Amendment (99th) / CHAPTER IV / Reg. 2

Effective Date 1-1-2020

Retroactive Retroactive Requirement for Existing Ships.

Regulation 2

Terms and definitions

1
For the purpose of this chapter, the following terms shall have the meanings
defined below:

.1
Bridge-to-bridge communications means safety communications bet- ween
ships from the position from which the ships are normally navigated.

.2
Continuous watch means that the radio watch concerned shall not be
interrupted other than for brief intervals when the ship’s receiving capability
is impaired or blocked by its own communications or when the facilities are
under

periodical
maintenance or checks.

.3
Digital selective calling(DSC) means a technique using digital codes
which enables a radio station to establish contact with, and transfer
information to, another station or group of stations, and complying with the
relevant

recommendations
of the International Radio Consultative Committee(CCIR).
*

* The
name of the Committee was changed to “ITU Radio communication
Sector”(ITU-R) due to Article 1 of the International Telecommunication
constitution, Geneva, 1922.

.4
Direct-printing telegraphy means automated telegraphy techniques which
comply with the relevant recommendations of the International Radio
Consultative committee(CCIR).
*

* Such ships are subject to special requirements relative
to radio for safety purposes, as contained in the relevant agreement between
Canada and the United States of America.

.5
General radiocommunications means operational and public correspondence
traffic, other than distress, urgency and safety messages, conducted by radio.

.6
INMARSAT
** means
the Organization established by the Convention on the International Maritime
Satellite Organization(INMARSAT) adopted on 3 September 1976.

** The
name of the Organization was changed to “International Mobile Satellite
Organization (Inmarsat) by virtue of amendments to its Convention and Operating
Agreement adopted by the tenth(extraordinary) Assembly (5 to 9

December
1994)

.7
International NAVTEX Service means the co-ordinated broadcast and
automatic reception on 518 kHz of maritime safety information by means of
narrow-band direct-printing telegraphy using the English language.
***

*** Reference
is made to the NAVTEX manual approved by the Organization(publication IMO-951E)

.8
Locating means the finding of ships, aircraft, units or persons in
distress.

.9
Maritime safety information means navigational and meteorological warnings,
meteorological forecasts and other urgent safety related messages broadcast to
ships.

.10
Polar orbiting satellite service means a service which is based on polar
orbiting satellites which receive and relay distress alerts from satellite EPIRBs
and which provides their position.

.11
Radio Regulations means the Radio Regulations annexed to, or regarded as
being annexed to, the most recent International Telecommunication Convention
which is in force at any time.

.12
Sea area A1 means an area within the radiotelephone coverage of at least
one VHF coast station in which continuous DSC alerting is available, as may be
defined by a Contracting Government.
****

**** Refer
to resolution A 801(19) concerning provision of radio services for the global
maritime distress and safety system(GMDSS), adopted by the Organization

.13
Sea area A2 means an area, excluding sea area A1, within the
radiotelephone coverage of at least one MF coast station in which continuous
DSC alerting is available, as may be defined by a Contracting Government.
****

**** Refer
to resolution A 801(19) concerning provision of radio services for the global
maritime distress and safety system(GMDSS), adopted by the Organization

.14
Sea area A3 means an area, excluding sea areas A1 and A2, within the
coverage of an INMARSAT geostationary satellite in which continuous alerting is
available.

.15
Sea area A4 means an area outside sea areas A1, A2, and A3

.16
Global maritime distress and safety system (GMDSS) identities means
maritime mobile services identity, the ship’s call sign, recognized mobile
satellite service identities and serial number identity which may be
transmitted by the

ship’s
equipment and used to identify the ship.( Amended by Res.MSC.436(99))

.17
Recognized mobile satellite service means any service which operates
through a satellite system and is recognized by the Organization, for use in
the global maritime distress and safety system (GMDSS).( Added

by
Res.MSC.436(99))

2
All other terms and abbreviations which are used in this chapter and which are
defined in the Radio Regulation and in the International Convention on Maritime
Search and Rescue (SAR), 1979, as may be amended, shall have the

meanings
as defined in those Regulations and the SAR Convention.

Title SOLAS 2001-2003 Amend / Chapter IV / Reg. 3

Effective Date 1-1-2004

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-1-2004

Retroactive Retroactive Requirement for Existing Ships.

Regulation
3

Exemptions

1 The Contracting Governments
consider it highly desirable not to deviate from the requirements of this
chapter; nevertheless the Administration may grant partial or conditional
exemptions to individual ships from the requirements of

regulations 7 to 11 provided:

.1 such ships comply with the
functional requirements of regulation 4; and

.2 the Administration has taken into
account the effect such exemptions may have upon the general efficiency of the
service for the safety of all ships.

2 An exemption may be granted under
paragraph 1 only:

.1 if the conditions affecting safety
are such as to render the full application of regulations 7 to 11 unreasonable
or unnecessary; or

.2 in exceptional circumstances, for
a single voyage outside the sea area or sea areas for which the ship is
equipped.

3 Each Administration shall submit to
the Organization, as soon as possible after the first of January in each year,
a report showing all exemptions granted under paragraphs 1 and 2 during the
previous calendar year and giving the reasons

for granting such exemptions.

Title SOLAS 2001-2003 Amend / Chapter IV / Reg. 4

Effective Date 1-1-2004

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-1-2004

Retroactive Retroactive Requirement for Existing Ships.

Regulation
4

Functional
requirements*

*It should be noted that ships
performing GMDSS functions should be use the Guidance for avoidance of false
distress alerts adopted by the Organization by resolution
A.814(19).

1 Every ship, while at sea, shall be
capable:

.1 except as provided in regulations
8.1.1 and 10.1.4.3, of transmitting ship-to-shore distress alerts by at least
two separate and independent means, each using a different radiocommunication
service;

.2 of receiving shore-to-ship
distress alerts;

.3 of transmitting and receiving
ship-to-ship distress alerts;

.4 of transmitting and receiving
search and rescue co-ordinating communications;

.5 of transmitting and receiving
on-scene communications;

.6 of transmitting and, as required
by regulation V/19.2.3.2, receiving signals for locating; **

** Refer to resolution A.614(15) concerning
carriage of radar operating in the frequency band 9,300-9,500MHz.

.7 of transmitting and receiving ***
maritime safety information;

***It should be noted that ships
may have a need for reception of certain maritime safety information while in
port.

.8 of transmitting and receiving
general radio communications to and from shore-based radio systems or networks
subject to regulation 15.8; and

.9 of transmitting and receiving
bridge-to-bridge communications.

Title SOLAS 2007 Amend / Chapter IV / Reg. 4-1

Effective Date 1-7-2009

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-7-2009

Retroactive Retroactive Requirement for Existing Ships.

Note This regulation enters into force on 1 July 2009.

Regulation
4-1 ( Added by
Res.MSC.239(83))

GMDSS
satellite providers

The Maritime Safety Committee shall
determine the criteria, procedures and arrangements for the evaluation,
recognition, review and oversight of the provision of mobile satellite
communication services in the Global Maritime Distress

and Safety System(GMDSS) pursuant to
the provisions of this chapter.*

* Refer to Criteria for the
provision of mobile satellite communication systems in the Global Maritime
Distress and Safety System (GMDSS) (
resolution A.1001(25)) and Guidance to prospective GMDSS satellite service providers

(MSC.1/Circ.1414)

Title SOLAS 1988 Amend / Chapter IV / Reg. 5

Effective Date 1-2-1992

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-2-1992

Retroactive Retroactive Requirement for Existing Ships.

PART B –
UNDERTAKINGS BY CONTRACTING GOVERNMENTS *

* 1. Each Contracting Government is
not required to provide all radiocommunication services.

2. The requirements should be
specified for shore-based facilities to cover the various sea areas.

Regulation
5

Provision
of radiocommunication services

1 Each Contracting Government
undertakes to make available, as it deems practical and necessary either
individually or in co-operation with other Contracting Governments, appropriate
shore-based facilities for space and terrestrial

radiocommunication services having
due regard to the recommendations of the Organization**. These services are:

** Refer to the resolution A.801(19) concerning
provision of radio services for the global maritime distress and safety
system(GMDSS).

.1 a radiocommunication service
utilizing geostationary satellites in the Maritime Mobile-Satellite Service;

.2 a radio communication service
utilizing polar orbiting satellites in the Mobile-Satellite Service;

.3 the Maritime Mobile Service in the
bands between 156MHz and 174MHz;

.4 the Maritime Mobile Service in the
bands between 4,000kHz and 27,500kHz; and

.5 the Maritime Mobile Service in the
bands between 415kHz and 535kHz*** and between 1,605kHz and 4,000kHz.

*** Refer to the resolution A.617(15) concerning implementation of the
NAVTEX system as a component of the World-Wide Service, adopted by the
Organization.

2 Each Contracting Government
undertakes to provide the Organization with pertinent information concerning
the shore-based facilities in the Maritime Mobile Service, Mobile-Satellite
Service and Maritime Mobile-Satellite Service,

established for sea areas which it
has designated off its coasts****.

**** the Master Plan of the
shore-based facilities for the GMDSS based on information provided by
Contracting Governments is circulated to all concerned by means of GMDSS
circulars.

Title SOLAS 1996-1998 Amend / Chapter IV / Reg. 5-1

Effective Date 1-7-2002

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-7-2002

Retroactive Retroactive Requirement for Existing Ships.

Regulation
5-1

Global
Maritime Distress and Safety System identities

1 This regulation applies to all
ships on all voyages.

2 Each Contracting Government
undertakes to ensure that suitable arrangements are made for registering Global
Maritime Distress and Safety System (GMDSS) identities and for making
information on these identities available to rescue coordination

centres on a 24-hour basis. Where
appropriate, international organizations maintaining a registry of these
identities shall be notified by the Contracting Government of these
assignments.

Title SOLAS 1994/1995 Amend / Chapter IV / Reg. 6

Effective Date 1-7-1997

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-7-1997

Retroactive Retroactive Requirement for Existing Ships.

Part C – Ship
requirements

Regulation
6

Radio
installations

1 Every ship shall be provided with
radio installations capable of complying with the functional requirements
prescribed by regulation 4 throughout its intended voyage and, unless exempted
under regulation 3, complying with the

requirements of regulation 7 and, as
appropriate for the sea area or areas through which it will pass during its
intended voyage, the requirements of either regulation 8, 9, 10 or 11.

2 Every radio installation shall :

.1 be so located that no harmful
interference of mechanical, electrical or other origin affects its proper use,
and so as to ensure electro-magnetic compatibility and avoidance of harmful
interaction with other equipment and systems ;

.2 be so located as to ensure the
greatest possible degree of safety and operational availability ;

.3 be protected against harmful
effects of water, extremes of temperature and other adverse environmental
conditions ;

.4 be provided with reliable,
permanently arranged electrical lighting, independent of the main and emergency
sources of electrical power, for the adequate illumination of the radio
controls for operating the radio installation ; and

.5 be clearly marked with the call
sign, the ship station identity and other codes as applicable for the use of
the radio installation.

3 Control of the VHF radiotelephone
channels, required for navigational safety, shall be immediately available on
the navigating bridge convenient to the conning position and, where necessary,
facilities should be available to permit

radiocommunications from the wings of
the navigating bridge. Portable VHF equipment may be used to meet the latter
provision.

4 In passenger ships, a distress
panel shall be installed at the conning position. This panel shall contain
either one single button which, when pressed, initiates a distress alert using
all radiocommunication installations required on board for

that purpose or one button for each
individual installation. The panel shall clearly and visually indicate whenever
any button or button or buttons have been pressed. Means shall be provided to
prevent inadvertant activation of the button or

buttons. If the satellite EPIRB is
used as the secondary means of distress alerting and is not remotely activated,
it shall be acceptable to have an additional EPIRB installed in the wheelhouse
near the conning position.

5 In passenger ships, information on
the ship’s position shall be continuously and automatically provided to all relevant
radiocommunication equipment to be included in the initial distress alert when
the button or buttons on the distress

panel is pressed.

6 In passenger ships, a distress
alarm panel shall be installed at the conning position. The distress alarm
panel shall provide visual and audible indication of any distress alert or
alerts received on board and shall also indicate through which

radiocommunication service the
distress alerts have been received.

Title SOLAS 2001-2003 Amend / Chapter IV / Reg. 7.1.1

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-1-2004

Retroactive Retroactive Requirement for Existing Ships.

Part C -Ship
requirements

Regulation
7

Radio
equipment-General

1 Every ship shall be provided with :

.1 a VHF radio installation capable
of transmitting and receiving ;

.1.1 DSC on the frequency 156.525
MHz(channel 70). It shall be possible to initiate the transmission of distress
alerts on channel 70 from the position from which the ship is normally
navigated ; * and

*Certain ships may be exempted from
this requirement (see regulation 9.4)

.1.2 radiotelephony on the
frequencies 156.300 MHz (channel 6), 156.650 MHz (channel 13) and 156.800 MHz
(channel 16) ;

Title SOLAS 2001-2003 Amend / Chapter IV / Reg. 7.1.2

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-1-2004

Retroactive Retroactive Requirement for Existing Ships.

.2 a radio installation capable of
maintaining a continuous DSC watch on VHF channel 70 which may be separate
from, or combined with, that required by subparagraph .1.1 ; *

*Certain ships may be exempted from
this requirement (see regulation 9.4)

Title SOLAS 2008 Amend / Chapter IV / Reg. 7.1.3

Effective Date 1-1-2010

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-1-2010

Retroactive Retroactive Requirement for Existing Ships.

.3 a search and rescue locating
device capable of operating either in the 9 GHz band or on frequencies
dedicated for AIS, which: ( Added by
Res.MSC.256(84))

.3.1 shall be so stowed that it can
be easily utilized ; and

.3.2 may be one of those required by
regulation III/6.2.2 for a survival craft;

Title SOLAS 2001-2003 Amend / Chapter IV / Reg. 7.1.4

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-1-2004

Retroactive Retroactive Requirement for Existing Ships.

.4 a receiver capable of receiving
International NAVTEX service broad-casts if the ship is engaged on voyages in
any area in which an International NAVTEX service is provided;

Title SOLAS 2018 Amendment (99th) / CHAPTER IV / Reg. 7.1.5

Effective Date 1-1-2020

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-1-2020

Retroactive Retroactive Requirement for Existing Ships.

.5 a radio facility for reception of
maritime safety information by a recognized mobile satellite service enhanced
group calling system if the ship is engaged in voyages in sea area A1, or A2 or
A3 but in which an international NAVTEX

service is not provided. However,
ships engaged exclusively in voyages in areas where an HF direct-printing
telegraphy maritime safety information service is provided and fitted with
equipment capable of receiving such service, may be

exempt from this requirement.*( Amended by Res.MSC.436(99))

* Refer to the Recommendation on
promulgation of maritime safety information
adopted by the Organization by
resolution A.705(17), as amended.

Title SOLAS 2006 Amend / Chapter IV / Reg. 7.1.6

Effective Date 1-7-2010

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-7-2010

Retroactive Retroactive Requirement for Existing Ships.

.6 subject to the provisions of
regulation 8.3, a satellite emergency position-indicating radio beacon
(satellite EPIRB)* which shall be :

* Refer to resolution A.616(15) concerning
search and rescue homing capability, adopted by the Organization

.6.1 capable of transmitting a
distress alert through the polar orbiting satellite service operating in the
406 MHz band; ( Replaced by
Res.MSC.201(81))

.6.2 installed in an easily
accessible position ;

.6.3 ready to be manually released
and capable of being carried by one person into a survival craft ;

.6.4 capable of floating free if the
ship sinks and of being automatically activated when afloat ; and

.6.5 capable of being activated
manually.

Title SOLAS 2001-2003 Amend / Chapter IV / Reg. 7.2

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-1-2004

Retroactive Retroactive Requirement for Existing Ships.

2 Every passenger ship shall be
provided with means for two-way on-scene radiocommunications for search and
rescue purposes using the aeronautical frequencies 121.5MHz and 123.1MHz from
the position from which the ship is normally

navigated.

Title SOLAS 2018 Amendment (99th) / CHAPTER IV / Reg. 8

Effective Date 1-1-2020

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-1-2020

Retroactive Retroactive Requirement for Existing Ships.

Regulation
8

Radio
equipment – Sea area A1

1 In addition to meeting the
requirements of regulation 7, every ship engaged on voyages exclusively in sea area
A1 shall be provided with a radio installation capable of initiating the
transmission of ship-to-shore distress alerts from the

position from which the ship is
normally navigated, operating either:

.1 on VHF using DSC; this requirement
may be fulfilled by the EPIRB prescribed by paragraph 3, either by installing
the EPIRB close to, or by remote activation from, the position from which the
ship is normally navigated; or

.2 through the polar orbiting
satellite service on 406MHz; this requirement may be fulfilled by the satellite
EPIRB, required by regulation 7.1.6, either by installing the satellite EPIRB
close to, or by remote activation from, the position

from which the ship is normally
navigated; or

.3 if the ship is engaged on voyages
within coverage of MF coast stations equipped with DSC, on MF using DSC; or

.4 on HF using DSC; or

.5 through a recognized mobile
satellite service; this requirement may be fulfilled by:( Amended by
Res.MSC.436(99))

.5.1 a ship earth station;* or

* This requirement can be met by
recognized mobile satellite service ship earth stations capable of two-way
communications, such as Fleet-77 (
resolutions
A.808(19)
and MSC.130(75)) or Inmarsat-C (resolution A.807(19), as

amended) ship earth stations.
Unless otherwise specified, this footnote applies to all requirements for a
recognized mobile satellite service ship earth station prescribed by this
chapter.”

.5.2 the satellite EPIRB, required by
regulation 7.1.6, either by installing the satellite EPIRB close to, or by
remote activation from, the position from which the ship is normally navigated.

2 The VHF radio installation,
required by regulation 7.1.1, shall also be capable of transmitting and
receiving general radio communications using radiotelephony.

3 Ships engaged on voyages
exclusively in sea area A1 may carry, in lieu of the satellite EPIRB required
by regulation 7.1.6, an EPIRB which shall be:

.1 capable of transmitting a distress
alert using DSC on VHF channel 70 and providing for locating by means of a
radar transponder operating in the 9GHz band;

.2 installed in an easily accessible
position;

.3 ready to be manually released and
capable of being carried by one person into a survival craft;

.4 capable of floating free if the
ship sinks and being automatically activated when afloat; and

.5 capable of being activated
manually.

Title SOLAS 2018 Amendment (99th) / CHAPTER IV / Reg. 9

Effective Date 1-1-2020

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-1-2020

Regulation
9

Radio
equipment – Sea areas A1 and A2

1 In addition to meeting the
requirements of regulation 7, every ship engaged on voyages beyond sea area A1,
but remaining within sea area A2, shall be provided with:

.1 an MF radio installation capable
of transmitting and receiving, for distress and safety purposes, on the
frequencies:

.1.1 2,187.5kHz using DSC; and

.1.2 2,182kHz using radiotelephony;

.2 a radio installation capable of
maintaining a continuous DSC watch on the frequency 2,187.5kHz which may be
separate from, or combined with, that required by subparagraph .1.1; and

.3 means of initiating the
transmission of ship-to-shore distress alerts by a radio service other than MF
operating either:

.3.1 through the polar orbiting
satellite service on 406 MHz; this requirement may be fulfilled by the satellite
EPIRB, required by regulation 7.1.6, either by installing the satellite EPIRB
close to, or by remote activation from, the

position from which the ship is
normally navigated; or

.3.2 on HF using DSC; or

.3.3 through a recognized mobile
satellite service by a ship earth station.( Amended by
Res.MSC.436(99))

2 It shall be possible to initiate
transmission of distress alerts by the radio installations specified in
paragraphs 1.1 and 1.3 from the position from which the ship is normally
navigated.

3 The ship shall, in addition, be
capable of transmitting and receiving general radio communications using
radiotelephony or direct-printing telegraphy by either:

.1 a radio installation operating on
working frequencies in the bands between 1,605kHz and 4,000kHz or between
4,000kHz and 27,500kHz. This requirement may be fulfilled by the addition of
this capability in the equipment required by

paragraph 1.1; or

.2 a recognized mobile satellite
service ship earth station.( Amended by
Res.MSC.436(99))

4 The Administration may exempt ships
constructed before 1 February 1997, which are engaged exclusively on voyages
within sea area A2, from the requirements of regulations 7.1.1.1 and 7.1.2
provided such ships maintain, when

practicable, a continuous listening
watch on VHF channel 16. This watch shall be kept at the position from which
the ship is normally navigated.

Title SOLAS 2018 Amendment (99th) / CHAPTER IV / Reg. 10

Effective Date 1-1-2020

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-1-2020

Retroactive Retroactive Requirement for Existing Ships.

Regulation
10

Radio
equipment – Sea areas A1, A2 and A3

1 In addition to meeting the
requirements of regulation 7, every ship engaged on voyages beyond sea areas A1
and A2, but remaining within sea area A3, shall, if it does not comply with the
requirements of paragraph 2, be provided with :

.1 a recognized mobile satellite
service ship earth station capable of:( Amended by
Res.MSC.436(99))

.1.1 transmitting and receiving
distress and safety communications using direct-printing telegraphy;

.1.2 initiating and receiving
distress priority calls;

.1.3 maintaining watch for
shore-to-ship distress alerts, including those directed to specifically defined
geographical areas;

.1.4 transmitting and receiving
general radio communications, using either radiotelephony or direct-printing
telegraphy; and

.2 an MF radio installation capable
of transmitting and receiving, for distress and safety purposes, on the
frequencies:

.2.1 2,187.5kHz using DSC; and

.2.2 2,182kHz using radiotelephony;
and

.3 a radio installation capable of
maintaining a continuous DSC watch on the frequency 2,187.5kHz which may be
separate from or combined with that required by subparagraph .2.1; and

.4 means of initiating the
transmission of ship-to-shore distress alerts by a radio service operating
either:

.4.1 through the polar orbiting
satellite service on 406MHz; this requirement may be fulfilled by the satellite
EPIRB, required by regulation 7.1.6, either by installing the satellite EPIRB
close to, or by remote activation from, the position

from which the ship is normally
navigated; or

.4.2 on HF using DSC; or

.4.3 through a recognized mobile
satellite service by an additional ship earth station.( Amended by
Res.MSC.436(99))

2 In addition to meeting the requirements
of regulation 7, every ship engaged on voyages beyond sea areas A1 and A2, but
remaining within sea area A3, shall, if it does not comply with the
requirements of paragraph 1, be provided with:

.1 an MF/HF radio installation
capable of transmitting and receiving, for distress and safety purposes, on all
distress and safety frequencies in the bands between 1,605kHz and 4,000kHz and
between 4,000kHz and 27,500kHz:

.1.1 using DSC;

.1.2 using radiotelephony; and

.1.3 using direct-printing telegraphy;
and

.2 equipment capable of maintaining
DSC watch on 2,187.5kHz, 8,414.5kHz and on at least one of the distress and
safety DSC frequencies 4,207.5kHz, 6312kHz, 12,577 kHz or 16,804.5kHz; at any
time, it shall be possible to select any

of these DSC distress and safety
frequencies. This equipment may be separate from, or combined with the
equipment required by subparagraph .1; and

.3 means of initiating the
transmission of ship-to-shore distress alerts by a radio communication service
other than HF operating either:

.3.1 through the polar orbiting
satellite service on 406 MHz; this requirement may be fulfilled by the
satellite EPIRB, required by regulation 7.1.6, either by installing the
satellite EPIRB close to, or by remote activation from, the

position from which the ship is
normally navigated; or

.3.2 through a recognized mobile
satellite service by a ship earth station; and( Amended by
Res.MSC.436(99))

.4 in addition, ships shall be
capable of transmitting and receiving general radio communications using
radiotelephony or direct-printing telegraphy by an MF/HF radio installation
operating on working frequencies in the bands between

1,605 kHz and 4,000kHz and between
4,000kHz and 27,500kHz. This requirement may be fulfilled by the addition of
this capability in the equipment required by subparagraph .1

3 It shall be possible to initiate
transmission of distress alerts by the radio installations specified in
subparagraphs 1.1, 1.2, 1.4, 2.1 and 2.3 from the position from which the ship
is normally navigated.

4 The Administration may exempt ships
constructed before 1 February 1997, and engaged exclusively on voyages within
sea areas A2 and A3, from the requirements of regulations 7.1.1.1 and 7.1.2
provided such ships maintain, when

practicable, a continuous listening
watch on VHF channel 16. This watch shall be kept at the position from which
the ship is normally navigated.

Title SOLAS 1988 Amend / Chapter IV / Reg. 11

Effective Date 1-2-1992

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-2-1992

Retroactive Retroactive Requirement for Existing Ships.

Regulation
11

Radio
equipment – Sea areas A1, A2, A3 and A4

1 In addition to meeting the
requirements of regulation 7, ships engaged on voyages in all sea areas shall
be provided with the radio installations and equipment required by regulation
10.2, except that the equipment required by regulation

10.2.3.2 shall not be accepted as an
alternative to that required by regulation 10.2.3.1, which shall always be
provided. In addition, ships engaged on voyages in all sea areas shall comply
with the requirements of regulation 10.3.

2 The Administration may exempt ships
constructed before 1 February 1997, and engaged exclusively on voyages within
sea areas A2, A3 and A4, from the requirements of regulations 7.1.1 and 7.1.2
provided such ships maintain, when

practicable, a continuous listening
watch on VHF channel 16. This watch shall be kept at the position from which
the ship is normally navigated.

Title SOLAS 2018 Amendment (99th) / CHAPTER IV / Reg. 12

Effective Date 1-1-2020

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-1-2020

Retroactive Retroactive Requirement for Existing Ships.

Regulation
12

Watches

1 Every ship, while at sea, shall
maintain a continuous watch:

.1 on VHF DSC channel 70, if the
ship, in accordance with the requirements of regulation 7.1.2, is fitted with a
VHF radio installation;

.2 on the distress and safety DSC
frequency 2,187.5 kHz, if the ship, in accordance with the requirements of
regulation 9.1.2 or 10.1.3, is fitted with an MF radio installation;

.3 on the distress and safety DSC
frequencies 2,187.5 kHz and 8,414.5 kHz and also on at least one of the
distress and safety DSC frequencies 4,207.5 kHz, 6,312 kHz, 12,577 kHz or
16,804.5 kHz, appropriate to the time of day and the

geographical position of the ship, if
the ship, in accordance with the requirements of regulation 10.2.2 or 11.1, is
fitted with an MF/HF radio installation. This watch may be kept by means of a
scanning receiver;

.4 for satellite shore-to-ship
distress alerts, if the ship, in accordance with the requirements of regulation
10.1.1, is fitted with a recognized mobile satellite service ship earth
station.( Amended by
Res.MSC.436(99))

2 Every ship, while at sea, shall
maintain a radio watch for broadcasts of maritime safety information on the
appropriate frequency or frequencies on which such information is broadcast for
the area in which the ship is navigating.

3 Until 1 February 1999 or until such
other date as may be determined by the Maritime Safety Committee
*, every ship while at sea shall
maintain, when practicable, a continuous listening watch on VHF channel 16.
This watch shall be kept

at the position from which the ship
is normally navigated.

* Refer to Maintenance of a continuous listening watch on VHF
channel 16 by SOLAS ships whilst at sea after 1 February 1999 and installation
of VHF facilities on non-SOLAS ships (
resolution
MSC.131(75)
).

Title SOLAS 1988 Amend / Chapter IV / Reg. 13

Effective Date 1-2-1992

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-2-1992

Invalid from 11-4-1989

Retroactive Retroactive Requirement for Existing Ships.

Note – The reason for this paradox is a result that the regulation
adopted on 9 November 1988 and never came into force as it reads here. The
regulation was again

amended on11 April 1989 by
Res.MSC.13(57) with a same effective date.

Regulation
13

Sources
of energy

1 There shall be available at all
times, while the ship is at sea, a supply of electrical energy sufficient to
operate the radio installations and to charge any batteries used as part of a
reserve source or sources of energy for the radio

installations.

2 A reserve source or sources of
energy shall be provided on every ship, to supply radio installations, for the
purpose of conducting distress and safety radio communications, in the event of
failure of the ship’s main and emergency sources

of electrical power. The reserve
source or sources of energy shall be capable of simultaneously operating the
VHF radio installation required by regulation 7.1.1 and, as appropriate for the
sea area or sea areas for which the ship is equipped,

either the MF radio installation
required by regulation 9.1.1, the MF/HF radio installation required by
regulation 10.2.1 or 11.1, or the INMARSAT ship earth station required by
regulation 10.1.1 and any of the additional loads mentioned in

paragraphs 4, 5 and 8 for a period of
at least:

.1 one hour, on ships constructed on
or after 1 February 1995;

.2 one hour, on ships constructed
before 1 February 1995, if the emergency source of electrical power complies fully
with all relevant requirements of regulation II-1/42 or 43 including the
requirements to supply to the radio installations

; and

.3 six hours, on ships constructed
before 1 February 1995, if the emergency source of electrical power is not
provided or does not comply fully with all relevant requirements of regulation
II-1/42 or 43 including the requirements to supply

to the radio installations*

* For guidance, the following
formula is recommended for determining the electrical load to be supplied by the
reserve source of energy for each radio installation required for distress
conditions: 1/2 of the current consumption necessary

for transmission + the current
consumption necessary for receiption + current consumption of any additional
loads.

3 The reserve source or sources of
energy shall be independent of the propelling power of the ship and the ship’s
electrical system.

4 Where, in addition to the VHF radio
installation, two or more of the other radio installations, referred to in
paragraph 2, can be connected to the reserve source or sources of energy, they
shall be capable of simultaneously supplying, for

the period specified, as appropriate,
in paragraph 2.1, 2.2 or 2.3, the VHF radio installation and:

.1 all other radio installations
which can be connected to the reserve source or sources of energy at the same
time; or

.2 whichever of the other radio
installations will consume the most power, if only one of the other radio
installations can be connected to the reserve source or sources of energy at the
same time as the VHF radio installation.

5 The reserve source or sources of
energy may be used to supply the electrical lighting required by regulation
6.2.4.

6 Where a reserve source of energy
consists of a rechargeable accumulator battery or batteries:

.1 a means of automatically charging
such batteries shall be provided which shall be capable of recharging them to
minimum capacity requirements within 10 hours; and

.2 the capacity of the battery or
batteries shall be checked, using an appropriate method *, at intervals not
exceeding 12 months, when the ship is not at sea.

* One method of checking the
capacity of an accumulator battery is to fully discharge and recharge the
battery, using normal operating current and period (e.g. 10 hours). Assessment
of the charge condition can be made at any time, but

it should be done without
significant discharge of the battery when the ship is at sea.

7 The siting and installation of
accumulator batteries which provide a reserve energy shall be such as to
ensure:

.1 the highest degree of service;

.2 a reasonable lifetime;

.3 reasonable safety;

.4 that battery temperatures remain
within the manufacturer’s specifications whether under charge or idle; and

.5 that when fully charged, the
batteries will provide at least the minimum required hours of operation under
all weather conditions.

8 If an uninterrupted input of
information from the ship’s navigational or other equipment to a radio
installation required by this chapter is needed to ensure its proper
performance, means shall be provided to ensure the continuous supply

of such information in the event of
failure of the ship’s main or emergency source of electrical power.

Title SOLAS 2018 Amendment (99th) / CHAPTER IV / Reg. 13

Effective Date 1-1-2020

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-1-2020

Retroactive Retroactive Requirement for Existing Ships.

Regulation
13

Sources
of energy

1 There shall be available at all
times, while the ship is at sea, a supply of electrical energy sufficient to
operate the radio installations and to charge any batteries used as part of a
reserve source or sources of energy for the radio

installations.

2 A reserve source or sources of
energy shall be provided on every ship, to supply radio installations, for the
purpose of conducting distress and safety radiocommunications, in the event of
failure of the ship’s main and emergency sources of

electrical power. The reserve source
or sources of energy shall be capable of simultaneously operating the VHF radio
installation required by regulation 7.1.1 and, as appropriate for the sea area
or sea areas for which the ship is equipped,

either the MF radio installation
required by regulation 9.1.1, the MF/HF radio installation required by
regulation 10.2.1 or 11.1, or the INMARSAT ship earth station required by
regulation 10.1.1 and any of the additional loads mentioned in

paragraphs 4, 5 and 8 for a period of
at least:( Deleted by
Res.MSC.436(99))

.1 one hour on ships provided with an
emergency source of electrical power, if such source of power complies fully
with all relevant provisions of regulation II-1/42 or 43, including the supply
of such power to the radio installations;and

.2 six hours on ships not provided
with an emergency source of electrical power complying fully with all relevant
provisions of regulation II-1/42, or 43, including the supply of such power to
the radio installations.*

* For guidance, the following
formula is recommended for determining the electrical load to be supplied by
the reserve source of energy for each radio installation required for distress
conditions : 1/2 of the current consumption necessary

for transmission + the current
consumption necessary for reception + the current consumption of any additional
loads.

The reserve source or sources of
energy need not supply independent HF and MF radio installations at the same
time.

3 The reserve source or sources of
energy shall be independent of the propelling power of the ship and the ship’s
electrical system.

4 Where, in addition to the VHF radio
installation, two or more of the other radio installations, referred to in
paragraph 2, can be connected to the reserve source or sources of energy, they
shall be capable of simultaneously supplying, for

the period specified, as appropriate,
in paragraph 2.1 or 2.2, the VHF radio installation and:

.1 all other radio installations
which can be connected to the reserve source or sources of energy at the same
time;or

.2 whichever of the other radio
installations will consume the most power, if only one of the other radio installations
can be connected to the reserve source or sources of energy at the same time as
the VHF radio installation.

5 The reserve source or sources of
energy may be used to supply the electrical lighting required by regulation
6.2.4.

6 Where a reserve source of energy
consists of a rechargeable accumulator battery or batteries:

.1 a means of automatically charging
such batteries shall be provided which shall be capable of recharging them to
minimum capacity requirements within 10 hours; and

.2 the capacity of the battery or
batteries shall be checked, using an appropriate method**, at intervals not
exceeding 12 months, when the ship is not at sea.

** One method of checking the
capacity of an accumulator battery is to fully discharge and recharge the battery,
using normal operating current and period(e.g. 10 hours). Assessment of the
charge condition can be made at any time,

but it should be done without
significant discharge of the battery when the ship is at sea

7 The siting and installation of
accumulator batteries which provide a reserve source of energy shall be such as
to ensure:

.1 the highest degree of service;

.2 a reasonable lifetime;

.3 reasonable safety;

.4 that battery temperatures remain
within the manufacturer’s specifications whether under charge or idle;and

.5 that when fully charged, the
batteries will provide at least the minimum required hours of operation under
all weather conditions.

8 If an uninterrupted input on
information from the ship’s navigational or other equipment to a radio installation
required by this chapter, including the navigation receiver referred to in
regulation 18, is needed to ensure its proper

performance, means shall be provided
to ensure the continuous supply of such information in the event of failure of
the ship’s main or emergency source of electrical power.

Title SOLAS 1988 Amend / Chapter IV / Reg. 14

Effective Date 1-2-1992

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-2-1992

Invalid from 11-4-1989

Retroactive Retroactive Requirement for Existing Ships.

Note – The reason for this paradox is a result that the regulation
adopted on 9 November 1988 and never came into force as it reads here. The
regulation was amended on

11 April 1989 by Res.MSC.13(57) with
a same effective date.

Regulation
14

Performance
standards

1 All equipment to which this chapter
applies shall be of a type approved by the Administration. Subject to paragraph
2, such equipment shall conform to appropriate performance standards not
inferior to those adopted by the Organization.

*

* Reference is made to the
following performance standards adopted by the Organization by the resolutions
indicated or to be developed by the Organization:

.1 Narrow-band direct-printing
equipment for the reception of navigational and meteorological warnings and
urgent information to ships (Assembly resolution
A.525 (13).

.2 General requirements for shipborne
radio equipment forming part of the future global maritime distress and safety
system (Assembly resolution A.569(14)).

.3 Ship earth stations capable of two-way
communications (Assembly resolution A.608(15)).

.4 VHF radio installations capable of
voice communications and digital selective calling (assembly resolution
A.609(15)).

.5 Shipborne MF radio installations
capable of voice communications and digital selective calling (Assembly
resolution
A.610(15)).

.6 Shipborne MF/HF radio
installations capable of voice communication, narrow-band direct-printing and
digital selective calling (Assembly resolution
A.613(15)).

.7 Float-free satellite emergency
position-indicating radio beacons operating on 406 MHz (Assembly resolution
A.611(15)).

.8 Survival craft radar transponder
for use in search and rescue operations (Assembly resolution A.604(15)).

.9 Float-free VHF emergency
position-indicating radio beacons (Assembly resolution
A.612(15)).

.10 INMARSAT Standards ship earth
stations capable of transmitting and receiving direct-printing communications
(MSC 55/25, annex4).

.11 Enhanced group call equipment
(MSC 55/25 annex5).

.12 Float-free satellite emergency
position-indicating radio beacons operating through the geostationary INMARSAT
satellite system on 1.6 GHz (MSC 55/25, annex7).

.13 Float-free release and activation
arrangements for emergency radio equipment (MSC 55/25, annex6).

2 Equipment installed prior to the
dates of application prescribed by regulation 1 may be exempted from full
compliance with the appropriate performance standards at the discretion of the
Administration, provided that the equipment is

compatible with equipment complying
with the performance standards, having due regard to the criteria which the
Organization may adopt in connection with such standards.

Title SOLAS 2001-2003 Amend / Chapter IV / Reg. 14

Effective Date 1-1-2004

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-1-2004

Retroactive Retroactive Requirement for Existing Ships.

Part C -Ship
requirements

Regulation
14

Performance
standards

1 All equipment to which this chapter
applies shall be of a type approved by the Administration. Such equipment shall
conform to appropriate performance standards not inferior to those adopted by
the Organization.*

*Refer to the following resolutions
adopted by the Assembly of the Organization :

.1 Performance standards for
narrow-band direct-printing telegraph equipment for the reception of
navigational and meteorological warnings and urgent information to ships (
resolution A.525(13), as revised);

.2 General requirements for
shipborne radio equipment forming part of the global maritime distress and
safety system (GMDSS) and for electronic navigational aids (
resolution A.694(17));

.3 Performance standards for ship
earth stations capable of two-way communications (
resolution A.808(19), as revised)
and Type approval of ship earth stations (
resolution A.570(14)) and
Performance standards for Inmarsat ship earth

stations capable of two-way
communications (
MSC.130(75));

.4 Perfoemance standards for
shipborne VHF radio installations capable of voice communication and digital
selective calling (
resolution A.803(19), as amended) and resolution MSC.68(68), annex 1 (valid for equipment
installed on or after

1 January 2000);

.5 Performance standards for
shipborne MF radio installations capable of voice communication and digital
selective calling (
resolution A.804(19), as amended) and resolution
MSC.68(68)
, annex 2 (valid for equipment
installed on or after

1 January 2000);

.6 Performance standards for
shipborne MF/HF radio installations capable of voice communication, narrow-band
direct-printing and digital selective calling (
resolutiona A.806(19), as amended)
and resolution
MSC.68(68), annex 3 (valid

for equipment installed on or after
1 January 2000);

.7 Performance standards for
float-free satellite emergency position-indicating radio beacons (EPIRBs)
operating on 406 MHZ (
resolution A.810(19),as amended) and Adoption of amendments to performance standards
for float-free

satellite emergency
position-indicating radio beacons (EPIRBs) operationg on 406 MHz (
resolution A.810(19)) (MSC.120(74)) and Type approval of satellite
emergency postion-indicating radio beacons (EPIRBs) operating in the
COSPASSARSAT

system (resolution.A.696(17));

.8 Performance standards for
survival craft radar transponders for use in search and rescue operations (
resolution A.802(19), as amended);

.9 Performance standards for
float-free VHF emergency position-indicating radio beacons (
resolution A.805(19));

.10 Performance standards for
INMARSAT Standard-C ship earth stations capable of transmitting and receiving
direct-printing communications (
resolution
A.807(19)
, as amended) and Type approval of
ship earth stations. (
resolution

A.662(16));

.11 Revised performance standards
for enhanced group call equipment (
resolution
MSC.306(87)
);

.12 Performance standards for
float-free release and activation arrangements for emergency radio equipment (
resolution A.662(16));

.13 System performance standard for
the promulgation and coordination of maritime safety information using
high-frequency narrow-band direct printing (
resolution A.699(17));

.14 Adoption of the revised
performance standards for narrow-band direct-printing telegraph equipment for
the reception of navigational and meteorological warnings and urgent
information to ships (NAVTEX) (
resolution MSC.148(77));

.15 Performance standards for a
shipborne integrated radiocommunication system (IRCS) when used in the GMDSS (
resolution A.811(19)); and

.16 Performance standards for
on-scene (aeronautical) two-way portable VHF radiotelephone apparatus(
resolution MSC.80(70),annex 1).

Title SOLAS 2004 Amend / Chapter IV / Reg. 15

Effective Date 1-7-2006

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-7-2006

Retroactive Retroactive Requirement for Existing Ships.

Regulation
15

Maintenance
requirements

1 Equipment shall be so designed that
the main units can be replaced readily, without elaborate recalibration or readjustment.

2 Where applicable, equipment shall
be so constructed and installed that it is readily accessible for inspection
and on-board maintenance purposes.

3 Adequate information shall be
provided to enable the equipment to be properly operated and maintained, taking
into account the recommendations of the Organization.*

* Refer to the Recommendation on
general requirements for shipborne radio equipment forming part of the global
maritime distress and safety system and for electronic navigational aids,
adopted by the Organization by
resolution

A.694((17) and to resolution A.813(19) on general requirements for electromagnetic compafibilty (EMC)
for all electrical and electronic ship’s equipment and Clarifications of
certain requirements in IMO performance standards for GMDSS

equipment (MSC/Circ. 862)

4 Adequate tools and spare shall be
provided to enable the equipment to be maintained.

5 The Administration shall ensure
that radio equipment required by this chapter is maintained to provide the
availability of the functional requirements specified in regulation 4 and to
meet the recommended performance standards of such

equipment.

6 On ships engaged on voyages in sea
areas A1 and A2, the availability shall be ensured by using such methods as
duplication of equipment, shore-based maintenance or at-sea electronic
maintenance capability, or a combination of these,

as may be approved by the Administration.

7 On ships engaged on voyages in sea
areas A3 and A4, the availability shall be ensured by using a combination of at
least two methods such as duplication of equipment, shore-based maintenance or
at-sea electronic maintenance

capability, as may be approved by the
Administration, taking into account the recommendations of the Organization.**

** Refer to resolution A.702(17) concerning radio maintenance
guidelines for the global maritime distress and safety system related to sea
area A3 and A4, adopted by the Organization.

8 While all reasonable steps shall be
taken to maintain the equipment in efficient working order to ensure compliance
with all the functional requirements specified in regulation 4, malfunction of
the equipment for providing the general

radiocommunications required by
regulation 4.8 shall not be considered as making a ship unseaworthy or as a
reason for delaying the ship in ports where repair facilities are not readily
available, provided the ship is capable of performing all

distress and safety functions.

9 Satellite EPIRBs shall be: (
Replaced by
Res.MSC.152(78))

.1 annually tested for all aspects of
operational efficiency, with special emphasis on checking the emission on
operational frequencies, coding and registration, at intervals as specified
below:

.1 on passenger ships, within 3
months before the expiry date of the Passenger Ship Safety Certificate; and

.2 on cargo ships, within 3 months
before the expiry date, or 3 months before or after the anniversary date, of
the Cargo Ship Safety Radio Certificate.

The test may be conducted on board
the ship or at an approved testing station; and

.2 subject to maintenance at
intervals not exceeding five years, to be performed at an approved shore-based
maintenance facility.

Title SOLAS 1994/1995 Amend / Chapter IV / Reg. 16

Effective Date 1-7-1997

For Ships Constructed On or after 2-1-1995

For Ships Contracted On or after 1-7-1997

Retroactive Retroactive Requirement for Existing Ships.

Regulation
16

Radio
personnel

1 Every ship shall carry personnel
qualified for distress and safety radiocommunication purposes to the
satisfaction of the Administration.* The personnel shall be holders of
certificates specified in the Radio Regulations as appropriate, any

one of whom shall be designated to have
primary responsibility for radiocommunications during distress incidents.

* Refer to the STCW Code, chapter IV, section B-IV/2.

2 In passenger ships, at least one
person qualified in accordance with paragraph 1 shall be assigned to perform
only radiocommunication duties during distress incidents.

Title SOLAS 1988 Amend / Chapter IV / Reg. 17

Effective Date 1-2-1992

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-2-1992

Retroactive Retroactive Requirement for Existing Ships.

Regulation
17

Radio
records

A record shall be kept, to the
satisfaction of the Administration and as required by the Radio Regulations, of
all incidents connected with the radio communication service which appear to be
of importance to safety of life at sea.

Title SOLAS 1996-1998 Amend / Chapter IV / Reg. 18

Effective Date 1-7-2002

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-7-2002

Retroactive Retroactive Requirement for Existing Ships.

Regulation
18

Position-updating

All two-way communication equipment
carried on board a ship to which this chapter applies which is capable of
automatically including the ship’s position in the distress alert shall be
automatically provided with this information from an

internal or external navigation
receiver, if either is installed. If such a receiver is not installed, the
ship’s position and the time at which the position was determined shall be
manually updated at intervals not exceeding four hours, while the

ship is underway, so that it is
always ready for transmission by the equipment.

Title SOLAS 1999/2000 Amend / Chapter V (Reg.1~35) / Reg. 1

Effective Date 1-7-2002

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-7-2002

Retroactive Retroactive Requirement for Existing Ships.

CHAPTER
V

SAFETY
OF NAVIGATION

Regulation
1

Application

1 Unless expressly provided otherwise,
this chapter shall apply to all ships on all voyages, except:

.1 warships, naval auxiliaries and
other ships owned or operated by a Contracting Government and used only on
government non-commercial service; and

.2 ships solely navigating the Great Lakes
of North America and their connecting and tributary waters as far east as the
lower exit of the St. Lambert Lock at Montreal in the Province of Quebec,
Canada.

However, warships, naval auxiliaries
or other ships owned or operated by a Contracting Government and used only on
government non-commercial service are encouraged to act in a manner consistent,
so far as reasonable and practicable,

with this chapter.

2 The Administration may decide to
what extent this chapter shall apply to ships operating solely in waters
landward of the baselines which are established in accordance with
international law.

3 A rigidly connected composite unit
of a pushing vessel and associated pushed vessel, when designed as a dedicated
and integrated tug and barge combination, shall be regarded as a single ship
for the purpose of this chapter.

4 The Administration shall determine
to what extent the provisions of regulations 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22,
23, 24, 25, 26, 27, and 28 do not apply to the following categories of ships:

.1 ships below 150 gross tonnage
engaged on any voyage;

.2 ships below 500 gross tonnage not
engaged on international voyages; and

.3 fishing vessels.

Title SOLAS 2001-2003 Amend / Chapter V (Reg.1~35) / Reg. 2

Effective Date 1-7-2006

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-7-2006

Invalid from 20-5-2004

Retroactive Retroactive Requirement for Existing Ships.

Note – The reason for this paradox is a result that the regulation
adopted on 5 Jun 2003 by Res.MSC142(77) and never came into force as it reads
here. The regulation was

amended on 20 May 2004 by
Res.MSC.153(78) with same effective date.

Regulation 2

Definitions

For
the purpose of this chapter:

1
Constructed in respect of a ship means a stage of construction where:

.1
the keel is laid; or

.2
construction identifiable with a specific ship begins; or

.3
assembly of the ship has commenced comprising at least 50 tonnes or 1% of the
estimated mass of all structural material, whichever is less.

2
Nautical chart or nautical publication is a special-purpose map or book, or a
specially compiled database from which such a map or book is derived, that is
issued officially by or on the authority of a Government, authorized
Hydrographic

Office
or other relevant government institution and is designed to meet the
requirements of marine navigation*

*
Refer to appropriate resolutions and recommendations of the International
Hydrographic Organization concerning the authority and responsibilities of
coastal States in the provision of charting in accordance with regulation 9.

3
All ships means any ship, vessel or craft irrespective of type and purpose.

4
Length of a ship means its length overall.

Title
SOLAS 2006 Amend /
Chapter V / Reg. 2

Effective
Date
1-1-2008

For
Ships Constructed
On
or after 1-1-2008

Retroactive
Retroactive
Requirement for Existing Ships.

Note
The new paragraphs 6
and 7 enter into force on 1 January 2008.

Regulation 2

Definitions

For
the purpose of this chapter:

1
Constructed in respect of a ship means a stage of construction where:

.1
the keel is laid; or

.2
construction identifiable with a specific ship begins; or

.3
assembly of the ship has commenced comprising at least 50 tonnes or 1% of the
estimated mass of all structural material, whichever is less.

2
Nautical chart or nautical publication is a special-purpose map or book,
or a specially compiled database from which such a map or book is derived, that
is issued officially by or on the authority of a Government, authorized
Hydrographic

Office
or other relevant government institution and is designed to meet the
requirements of marine navigation*

*
Refer to appropriate resolutions and recommendations of the International
Hydrographic Organization concerning the authority and responsibilities of
coastal States in the provision of charting in accordance with regulation 9.

3
All ships means any ship, vessel or craft irrespective of type and
purpose.

4
Length of a ship means its length overall.

5
Search and rescue service. The performance of distress monitoring,
communication, co-ordination and search and rescue functions, including
provision of medical advice, initial medical assistance, or medical evacuation,
through the use of

public
and private resources including co-operating aircraft, ships, vessels and other
craft and installations. ( Added by Res.MSC.153(78))

6
High-speed craft means a craft as defined in regulation X/1.3. ( Inserted by
Res.MSC.202(81))

7
Mobile offshore drilling unit means a mobile offshore drilling unit as defined
in regulation XI-2/1.1.5. ( Inserted by Res.MSC.202(81))

Title SOLAS 1999/2000 Amend / Chapter V (Reg.1~35) / Reg. 3

Effective Date 1-7-2002

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-7-2002

Retroactive Retroactive Requirement for Existing Ships.

Note Issues relating to Contracting Government

Regulation
3

Exemptions
and equivalents

1 The Administration may grant
general exemptions to ships without mechanical means of propulsion from the
requirements of regulations 15, 17, 18, 19 (except 19.2.1.7), 20, 22, 24, 25,
26, 27, and 28.

2 The Administration may grant to
individual ships exemptions or equivalents of a partial or conditional nature,
when any such ship is engaged on a voyage where the maximum distance of the
ship from the shore, the length and nature of

the voyage, the absence of general
navigational hazards, and other conditions affecting safety are such as to
render the full application of this chapter unreasonable or unnecessary,
provided that the Administration has taken into account

the effect such exemptions and
equivalents may have upon the safety of all other ships.

3 Each Administration shall submit to
the Organization, as soon as possible after 1 January in each year, a report
summarising all new exemptions and equivalents granted under paragraph 2 of
this regulation during the previous calendar

year and giving the reasons for
granting such exemptions and equivalents. The Organization shall circulate such
particulars to other Contracting Governments for information.

Title SOLAS 1999/2000 Amend / Chapter V (Reg.1~35) / Reg. 4

Effective Date 1-7-2002

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-7-2002

Retroactive Retroactive Requirement for Existing Ships.

Note Issues relating to Contracting Government

Regulation
4

Navigational
warnings

Each Contracting Government shall
take all steps necessary to ensure that, when intelligence of any dangers is
received from whatever reliable source, it shall be promptly brought to the
knowledge of those concerned and communicated to

other interested Governments.*

* Refer to the Guidance on the
IMO/IHO World-Wide Navigational Warning Service adopted by the organization by
resolution
A.706(17), as amended.

Title SOLAS 1999/2000 Amend / Chapter V (Reg.1~35) / Reg. 5

Effective Date 1-7-2002

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-7-2002

Retroactive Retroactive Requirement for Existing Ships.

Note Issues relating to Contracting Government

Regulation
5

Meteorological
services and warnings

1 Contracting Governments undertake
to encourage the collection of meteorological data by ships at sea and to
arrange for their examination, dissemination and exchange in the manner most
suitable for the purpose of aiding navigation.*

Administrations shall encourage the
use of meteorological instruments of a high degree of accuracy, and shall
facilitate the checking of such instruments upon request. Arrangements may be
made by appropriate national meteorological

services for this checking to be
undertaken, free of charge to the ship.

** Refer to the Recommendation on
weather routeing adopted by the organization by resolution
A.528(13).

2 In particular, Contracting
Governments undertake to carry out, in co-operation, the following
meteorological arrangements:

.1 to warn ships of gales, storms and
tropical cyclones by the issue of information in text and, as far as practicable
graphic form, using the appropriate shore-based facilities for terrestrial and
space radiocommunications services.

.2 to issue, at least twice daily, by
terrestrial and space radiocommunication services*, as appropriate, weather
information suitable for shipping containing data, analyses, warnings and
forecasts of weather, waves and ice. Such

information shall be transmitted in
text and, as far as practicable, graphic form including meteorological analysis
and prognosis charts transmitted by facsimile or in digital form for
reconstitution on board the ship’s data processing

system.

* Refer to regulation IV/7.1.4 and
IV/7.1.5.

.3 to prepare and issue such
publications as may be necessary for the efficient conduct of meteorological
work at sea and to arrange, if practicable, for the publication and making
available of daily weather charts for the information of

departing ships.

.4 to arrange for a selection of
ships to be equipped with tested marine meteorological instruments (such as a
barometer, a barograph, a psychrometer, and suitable apparatus for measuring
sea temperature) for use in this service, and

to take, record and transmit
meteorological observations at the main standard times for surface synoptic
observations (i.e. at least four times daily, whenever circumstances permit)
and to encourage other ships to take, record and

transmit observations in a modified
form, particularly when in areas where shipping is sparse.

.5 to encourage companies to involve
as many of their ships as practicable in the making and recording of weather
observations; these observations to be transmitted using the ship’s terrestrial
or space radiocommunications facilities for

the benefit of the various national
meteorological services.

.6 the transmission of these weather
observations is free of charge to the ships concerned.

.7 when in the vicinity of a tropical
cyclone, or of a suspected tropical cyclone, ships should be encouraged to take
and transmit their observations at more frequent intervals whenever practicable,
bearing in mind navigational

preoccupations of ships’ officers
during storm conditions.

.8 to arrange for the reception and
transmission of weather messages from and to ships, using the appropriate
shore-based facilities for terrestrial and space radiocommunications services.

.9 to encourage masters to inform
ships in the vicinity and also shore stations whenever they experience a wind
speed of 50 knots or more (force 10 on the Beaufort scale).

.10 to endeavour to obtain a uniform
procedure in regard to the international meteorological services already
specified, and as far as practicable, to conform to the technical regulations
and recommendations made by the World

Meteorological Organization, to which
Contracting Governments may refer, for study and advice, any meteorological
question which may arise in carrying out the present Convention.

3 The information provided for in
this regulation shall be furnished in a form for transmission and be
transmitted in the order of priority prescribed by the Radio Regulations.
During transmission “to all stations” of meteorological information,

forecasts and warnings, all ship
stations must conform to the provisions of the Radio Regulations.

4 Forecasts, warnings, synoptic and
other meteorological data intended for ships shall be issued and disseminated
by the national meteorological service in the best position to serve various
coastal and high seas areas, in accordance with

mutual arrangements made by
Contracting Governments, in particular as defined by the World Meteorological
Organization’s System for the Preparation and Dissemination of Meteorological
Forecasts and Warnings for the High Seas under

the Global Maritime Distress and
Safety System (GMDSS).

Title SOLAS 1999/2000 Amend / Chapter V (Reg.1~35) / Reg. 6

Effective Date 1-7-2002

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-7-2002

Retroactive Retroactive Requirement for Existing Ships.

Note Issues relating to Contracting Government

Regulation
6

Ice
Patrol Service

1 The Ice Patrol contributes to
safety of life at sea, safety and efficiency of navigation and protection of
the marine environment in the North Atlantic. Ships transiting the region of
icebergs guarded by the Ice Patrol during the ice season are

required to make use of the services
provided by the Ice Patrol.

2 The Contracting Governments
undertake to continue an ice patrol and a service for study and observation of
ice conditions in the North Atlantic. During the whole of the ice season, i.e.
for the period from February 15th through July 1st of

each year, the south-eastern,
southern and south-western limits of the region of icebergs in the vicinity of
the Grand Banks of Newfoundland shall be guarded for the purpose of informing
passing ships of the extent of this dangerous region;

for the study of ice conditions in
general; and for the purpose of affording assistance to ships and crews
requiring aid within the limits of operation of the patrol ships and aircraft.
During the rest of the year the study and observation of ice

conditions shall be maintained as
advisable.

3 Ships and aircraft used for the ice
patrol service and the study and observation of ice conditions may be assigned
other duties provided that such other duties do not interfere with the primary
purpose or increase the cost of this service.

4 The Government of the United States
of America agrees to continue the overall management of the ice patrol service
and the study and observation of ice conditions, including the dissemination of
information therefrom.

5 The terms and conditions governing the
management, operation and financing of the Ice Patrol are set forth in the
Rules for the management, operation and financing of the North Atlantic Ice
Patrol appended to this chapter which shall

form an integral part of this
chapter.

6 If, at any time, the United States
and/or Canadian Governments should desire, to discontinue providing these
services, it may do so and the Contracting Governments shall settle the
question of continuing these services in accordance with

their mutual interests. The United
States and/or Canadian Governments shall provide 18 months written notice to
all Contracting Governments whose ships entitled to fly their flag and whose
ships registered in territories to which those

Contracting Governments have extended
this regulation benefit from these services before discontinuing providing
these services.

Title SOLAS 1999/2000 Amend / Chapter V (Reg.1~35) / Reg. 7

Effective Date 1-7-2002

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-7-2002

Retroactive Retroactive Requirement for Existing Ships.

Note Issues relating to Contracting Government

Regulation
7

Search
and rescue services

1 Each Contracting Government
undertakes to ensure that necessary arrangements are made for distress
communication and co-ordination in their area of responsibility and for the
rescue of persons in distress at sea around its coasts.

These arrangements shall include the
establishment, operation and maintenance of such search and rescue facilities
as are deemed practicable and necessary, having regard to the density of the
seagoing traffic and the navigational dangers

and shall, so far as possible,
provide adequate means of locating and rescuing such persons.*

* Refer to the International
Convention on Maritime Search and Rescue (SAR), 1979, and to the following
resolutions adopted by the Organization: Homing capability of search and rescue
(SAR) aircraft (resolution
A.225(VII)), Use of

radar transponders for search and
rescue purposes (resolution
A.530(13)), Search and rescue homing capability (resolution A.616(15)) and International Aeronautical
and Maritime Search and Rescue (IAMSAR) Manual

(resolution A.894(21), as amended).

2 Each Contracting Government
undertakes to make available information to the Organization concerning its
existing search and rescue facilities and the plans for changes therein, if
any.

3 Passenger ships to which chapter I
applies, shall have on board a plan for co-operation with appropriate search
and rescue services in event of an emergency. The plan shall be developed in
co-operation between the ship, the company, as

defined in regulation IX/1 and the
search and rescue services. The plan shall include provisions for periodic
exercises to be undertaken to test its effectiveness. The plan shall be
developed based on the guidelines developed by the

Organization.

Title SOLAS 1999/2000 Amend / Chapter V (Reg.1~35) / Reg. 8

Effective Date 1-7-2002

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-7-2002

Retroactive Retroactive Requirement for Existing Ships.

Note Issues relating to Contracting Government

Regulation
8

Life-saving
signals

Contracting Governments undertake to
arrange that life-saving signals are used by search and rescue facilities
engaged in search and rescue operations when communicating with ships or
persons in distress.

Title SOLAS 1999/2000 Amend / Chapter V (Reg.1~35) / Reg. 9

Effective Date 1-7-2002

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-7-2002

Retroactive Retroactive Requirement for Existing Ships.

Note Issues relating to Contracting Government

Regulation
9

Hydrographic
services

1 Contracting Governments undertake
to arrange for the collection and compilation of hydrographic data and the
publication, dissemination and keeping up to date of all nautical information
necessary for safe navigation.

2 In particular, Contracting
Governments undertake to co-operate in carrying out, as far as possible, the
following nautical and hydrographic services, in the manner most suitable for
the purpose of aiding navigation:

.1 to ensure that hydrographic
surveying is carried out, as far as possible, adequate to the requirements of
safe navigation;

.2 to prepare and issue nautical
charts, sailing directions, lists of lights, tide tables and other nautical
publications, where applicable, satisfying the needs of safe navigation;

.3 to promulgate notices to mariners
in order that nautical charts and publications are kept, as far as possible, up
to date; and

.4 to provide data management
arrangements to support these services.

3 Contracting Governments undertake
to ensure the greatest possible uniformity in charts and nautical publications
and to take into account, whenever possible, relevant international resolutions
and recommendations.*

* Refer to the appropriate
resolutions and recommendations adopted by the International Hydrographic
Organization.

4 Contracting Governments undertake
to co-ordinate their activities to the greatest possible degree in order to
ensure that hydrographic and nautical information is made available on a
world-wide scale as timely, reliably, and

unambiguously as possible.

Title SOLAS 1999/2000 Amend / Chapter V / Reg. 10

Effective Date 1-7-2002

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-7-2002

Retroactive Retroactive Requirement for Existing Ships.

Note Issues relating to Contracting Government

Regulation
10

Ships’
routeing

1 Ships’ routeing systems contribute
to safety of life at sea, safety and efficiency of navigation, and/or
protection of the marine environment. Ships’ routeing systems are recommended
for use by, and may be made mandatory for, all ships,

certain categories of ships or ships
carrying certain cargoes, when adopted and implemented in accordance with the
guidelines and criteria developed by the Organization.*

* Refer to General Provisions on
Ships’ Routeing (
resolution A.572(14), as amended).

2 The Organization is recognized as
the only international body for developing guidelines, criteria and regulations
on an international level for ships’ routeing systems. Contracting Governments
shall refer proposals for the adoption of ships’

routeing systems to the Organization.
The Organization will collate and disseminate to Contracting Governments all
relevant information with regard to any adopted ships’ routeing systems.

3 The initiation of action for
establishing a ships’ routeing system is the responsibility of the Government
or Governments concerned. In developing such systems for adoption by the
Organization, the guidelines and criteria developed by the

Organization* shall be taken into
account.

* Refer to General Provisions on
Ships’ Routeing (
resolution A.572(14), as amended).

4 Ships’ routeing systems should be
submitted to the Organization for adoption. However, a Government or
Governments implementing ships’ routeing systems not intended to be submitted
to the Organization for adoption or which have

not been adopted by the Organization
are encouraged to take into account, wherever possible, the guidelines and
criteria developed by the Organization.*

* Refer to General Provisions on
Ships’ Routeing (
resolution A.572(14), as amended).

5 Where two or more Governments have
a common interest in a particular area, they should formulate joint proposals
for the delineation and use of a routeing system therein on the basis of an
agreement between them. Upon receipt of

such proposal and before proceeding
with consideration of it for adoption, the Organization shall ensure details of
the proposal are disseminated to the Governments which have a common interest
in the area, including countries in the

vicinity of the proposed ships’
routeing system.

6 Contracting Governments shall adhere
to the measures adopted by the Organization concerning ships’ routeing. They
shall promulgate all information necessary for the safe and effective use of
adopted ships’ routeing systems. A

Government or Governments concerned
may monitor traffic in those systems. Contracting Governments shall do
everything in their power to secure the appropriate use of ships’ routeing
systems adopted by the Organization.

7 A ship shall use a mandatory ships’
routeing system adopted by the Organization as required for its category or
cargo carried and in accordance with the relevant provisions in force unless
there are compelling reasons not to use a

particular ships’ routeing system.
Any such reason shall be recorded in the ships’ log.

8 Mandatory ships’ routeing systems shall
be reviewed by the Contracting Government or Governments concerned in
accordance with the guidelines and criteria developed by the Organization. *

* Refer to General Provisions on
Ships’ Routeing (
resolution A.572(14), as amended).

9 All adopted ships’ routeing systems
and actions taken to enforce compliance with those systems shall be consistent
with international law, including the relevant provisions of the 1982 United
Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea.

10 Nothing in this regulation nor its
associated guidelines and criteria shall prejudice the rights and duties of
Governments under international law or the legal regimes of straits used for
international navigation and archipelagic sea lanes.

Title SOLAS 1999/2000 Amend / Chapter V (Reg.1~35) / Reg. 11

Effective Date 1-7-2002

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-7-2002

Retroactive Retroactive Requirement for Existing Ships.

Note Issues relating to Contracting Government

Regulation
11

Ship
reporting systems*

* This regulation does not address
ship reporting systems established by Governments for search and rescue
purposes which are covered by chapter 5 of the 1979 SAR Convention as amended.

1 Ship reporting systems contribute
to safety of life at sea, safety and efficiency of navigation, and protection
of the marine environment. A ship reporting system, when adopted and
implemented in accordance with the guidelines and

criteria developed by the
Organization** pursuant to this regulation, shall be used by all ships, or
certain categories of ships or ships carrying certain cargoes in accordance
with the provisions of each system so adopted.

** Refer to the guidelines and
criteria adopted by the Maritime Safety Committee of the Organization by
resolution
MSC.43(64) , as amended by resolution MSC.111(73). Refer also to the General
principles for ship reporting systems and

ship reporting requirements,
including guidelines for reporting incidents involving dangerous goods, harmful
substances and/or marine pollutants, adopted by the Organization by resolution
A.851(20), as amended.

2 The Organization is recognized as
the only international body for developing guidelines, criteria and regulations
on an international level for ship reporting systems. Contracting Government
shall refer proposals for the adoption of ship

reporting systems to the
Organization. The Organization will collate and disseminate to Contracting
Governments all relevant information with regard to any adopted ship reporting
system.

3 The initiation of action for
establishing a ship reporting system is the responsibility of the Government or
Governments concerned. In developing such systems provision of the guidelines
and criteria developed by the Organization* shall be

taken into account.

** Refer to the guidelines and
criteria adopted by the Maritime Safety Committee of the Organization by
resolution
MSC.43(64) , as amended by resolution MSC.111(73). Refer also to the General
principles for ship reporting systems and

ship reporting requirements,
including guidelines for reporting incidents involving dangerous goods, harmful
substances and/or marine pollutants, adopted by the Organization by resolution
A.851(20), as amended.

4 Ship reporting systems not
submitted to the Organization for adoption do not necessarily need to comply with
this regulation. However, Governments implementing such systems are encouraged
to follow, wherever possible, the guidelines

and criteria developed by the
Organization* . Contracting Governments may submit such systems to the
Organization for recognition.

5 Where two or more Governments have
a common interest in a particular area, they should formulate proposals for a
co-ordinated ship reporting system on the basis of agreement between them.
Before proceeding with a proposal for

adoption of a ship reporting system,
the Organization shall disseminate details of the proposal to those Governments
which have a common interest in the area covered by the proposed system. Where
a co-ordinated ship reporting system is

adopted and established, it shall
have uniform procedures and operations.

6 After adoption of a ship reporting
system in accordance with this regulation, the Government or Governments
concerned shall take all measures necessary for the promulgation of any
information needed for the efficient and effective use

of the system. Any adopted ship
reporting system shall have the capability of interaction and the ability to
assist ships with information when necessary. Such systems shall be operated in
accordance with the guidelines and criteria

developed by the Organization*
pursuant to this regulation.

** Refer to the guidelines and
criteria adopted by the Maritime Safety Committee of the Organization by
resolution
MSC.43(64) , as amended by resolution MSC.111(73). Refer also to the General principles
for ship reporting systems and

ship reporting requirements,
including guidelines for reporting incidents involving dangerous goods, harmful
substances and/or marine pollutants, adopted by the Organization by resolution
A.851(20), as amended.

7 The master of a ship shall comply
with the requirements of adopted ship reporting systems and report to the
appropriate authority all information required in accordance with the
provisions of each such system.

8 All adopted ship reporting systems
and actions taken to enforce compliance with those systems shall be consistent
with international law, including the relevant provisions of the United Nations
Convention on the Law of the Sea.

9 Nothing in this regulation or its
associated guidelines and criteria shall prejudice the rights and duties of
Governments under international law or the legal regimes of straits used for
international navigation and archipelagic sea lanes.

10 The participation of ships in
accordance with the provisions of adopted ship reporting systems shall be free
of charge to the ships concerned.

11 The Organization shall ensure that
adopted ship reporting systems are reviewed under the guidelines and criteria
developed by the Organization.

Title SOLAS 1988 Amend / Chapter V / Reg. 12

Effective Date 1-2-1992

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-2-1992

Invalid from 11-4-1989

Retroactive Retroactive Requirement for Existing Ships.

Note – The reason for this paradox is a result that the regulation
adopted on 9 November 1988 and never came into force as it reads here. The
regulation was amended on

11 April 1989 by Res.MSC.13(57) with
a same effective date.

Regulation
12

Shipborne
Navigational Equipment*

* See resolution A. 156(ES.IV) : Recommendation on the carriage of electronic positionfixing equipment
and resolution A.666(16) : World-wide radionavigation system.

(a) For the purpose of this
regulation “constructed” in respect of a ship means a stage of
construction where:

(i) the keel is laid; or

(ii) construction identifiable with a
specific ship begins; or

(iii) assembly of that ship has
commenced comprising at least 50 tonnes or 1 per cent of the estimated mass of
all structural material, whichever is less.

(b)

(i) Ships of 150 tons gross tonnage
and upwards shall be fitted with:

(1) a standard magnetic compass,
except as provided in sub-paragraph (iv);

(2) a steering magnetic compass,
unless heading information provided by the standard compass required under (1)
is made available and is clearly readable by the helmsman at the main steering
position;

(3) adequate means of communication
between the standard compass position and the normal navigation control
position to the satisfaction of the Administration; and

(4) means for taking bearings as
nearly as practicable over an arc of the horizon of 360°.

(ii) Each magnetic compass referred
to in sub-paragraph (i) shall be properly adjusted and its table or curve of
residual deviations shall be available at all times.

(iii) A spare magnetic compass,
interchangeable with the standard compass, shall be carried, unless the
steering compass mentioned in sub-paragraph (i)(2) or a gyro compass is fitted.

(iv) The Administration, if it
considers it unreasonable or unnecessary to require a standard magnetic
compass, may exempt individual ships or classes of ships from these
requirements if the nature of the voyage, the ship’s proximity to

land or the type of ship does not
warrant standard compass, provided that a suitable steering compass is in all
cases carried.

(c) Ships of less than 150 tons gross
tonnage shall, as far as the Administration considers it reasonable and
practicable, be fitted with a steering compass and have means for taking
bearings.

(d) Ships of 500 tons gross tonnage
and upwards constructed on or after 1 September 1984 shall be fitted with a
gyro compass complying with the following requirements:

(i) the master gyro compass or a gyro
repeater shall be clearly readable by the helmsman at the main steering
position;

(ii) on ships of 1,600 tons gross
tonnage and upwards a gyro repeater or gyro repeaters shall be provided and
shall be suitably placed for taking bearings as nearly as practicable over an
arc of the horizon of 360°.

(e) Ships of 1,600 tons gross tonnage
and upwards, constructed before 1 September 1984 when engaged on international
voyages, shall be fitted with a gyro compass complying with the requirements of
paragraph (d).

(f) On ships provided with emergency
steering positions, arrangements shall be made to supply heading information to
such position.

(g) Ships of 500 tons gross tonnage
and upwards constructed on or after 1 September 1984 and ships of 1,600 tons
gross tonnage and upwards constructed before 1 September 1984 shall be fitted
with a radar installation. From 1 February

1995, the radar installation shall be
capable of operating in the 9GHz frequency band. In addition, after 1 February
1995, passenger ships irrespective of size and cargo ships of 300 tons gross
tonnage and upwards when engaged on

international voyages, shall be
fitted with a radar installation capable of operating in the 9GHz frequency
band. Passenger ships of less than 500 tons gross tonnage and cargo ships of
300 tons gross tonnage and upwards but less than 500

tons gross tonnage may be exempted
from compliance with the requirements of paragraph (r) at the discretion of the
Administration, provided that the equipment is fully compatible with the radar
transponder for search and rescue.

(h) Ships of 10,000 tons gross
tonnage and upwards shall be fitted with two radar installations, each capable
of being operated independently* of the other. From 1 February 1995, at least
one of the radar installations shall be capable of

operating in the 9GHz frequency band.

* Reference is made to section 4 of
the Recommendation on Performance Standards for Radar Equipment, adopted by the
Organization by resolution
A.477(XII)

(i) Facilities for plotting radar
readings shall be provided on the navigating bridge of ships required by
paragraph (g) or (h) to be fitted with a radar installation. In ships of 1,600
tons gross tonnage and upwards constructed on or after 1

September 1984 the plotting
facilities shall be at least as effective as a reflection plotter.

(j)

(i) An automatic radar plotting aid
shall be fitted on :

(1) ships of 10,000 tons gross
tonnage and upwards, constructed on or after 1 September 1984;

(2) tankers constructed before 1
September 1984 as follows:

(aa) if of 40,000 tons gross tonnage
and upwards by 1 Jaunary 1985;

(bb) if of 10,000 tons gross tonnage
and upwards but less than 40,000 tons gross tonnage, by 1 January 1986;

(3) ships constructed before 1
September 1984, that are not tankers, as follows:

(aa) if of 40,000 tons gross tonnage
and upwards by 1 September 1986;

(bb) if of 20,000 tons gross tonnage
and upwards, but less than 40,000 tons gross tonnage, by 1September 1987;

(cc) if of 15,000 tons gross tonnage
and upwards, but less than 20,000 tons gross tonnage, by 1 September 1988.

(ii) Automatic radar plotting aids
fitted prior to 1 September 1984 which do not fully conform to the performance
standards adopted by the Organization may, at the discretion of the
Administration, be retained until 1 January 1991.

(iii) The Administration may exempt
ships from the requirements of this paragraph, in cases where it considers it
unreasonable or unnecessary for such equipment to be carried, or when the ships
will be taken permanently out of service

within two years of the appropriate
implementation date.

(k) When engaged on international
voyages ships of 1,600 tons gross tonnage and upwards constructed before 25 May
1980 and ships of 500 tons gross tonnage and upwards constructed on or after 25
May 1980 shall be fitted with an

echo-sounding device.

(l) When engaged on international
voyages ships of 500 tons gross tonnage and upwards constructed on or after 1
September 1984 shall be fitted with a device to indicate speed and distance.
Ships required by paragraph (j) to be fitted with

an automatic radar plotting aid shall
be fitted with a device to indicate speed and distance through the water.

(m) Ships of 1,600 tons gross tonnage
and upwards constructed before 1 September 1984 and all ships of 500 tons gross
tonnage and upwards constructed on or after 1 September 1984 shall be fitted
with indicators showing the rudder

angle, the rate of revolution of each
propeller and in addition, if fitted with variable pitch propellers or lateral
thrust propellers, the pitch and operational mode of such propellers. All these
indicators shall be readable from the conning

position.

(n) Ships of 100,000 tons gross
tonnage and upwards constructed on or after 1 September 1984 shall be fitted
with a rate-of-turn indicator.

(o) Except as provided in Regulations
I/7(b)(ii), I/8 and I/9, while all reasonable steps shall be taken to maintain
the apparatus referred to in paragraphs (d) to (n) in efficient working order,
malfunctions of the equipment shall not be

considered as making a ship
unseaworthy or as a reason for delaying the ship in ports where repair
facilities are not readily available.

(p) When engaged on international
voyages, ships of 1,600 tons gross tonnage and upwards shall be fitted with a
radio direction finding apparatus. The Administration may exempt a ship from
this requirement if it considers it unreasonable

or unnecessary for such apparatus to
be carried or if the ship is provided with other radio navigation equipment
suitable for use throughout its intended voyages.

(q) Until 1 February 1999, ships of
1,600 tons gross tonnage and upwards constructed on or after 25 May 1980 and
before 1 February 1995, when engaged on international voyages, shall be fitted
with radio equipment for homing on the

radiotelephone distress frequency.

(r) All equipment fitted in
compliance with this regulation shall be of a type approved by the
Administration. Equipment installed on board ships on or after 1 September 1984
shall conform to appropriate performance standards not inferior

to those adopted by the Organization.
Equipment fitted prior to the adoption of related performance standards may be
exempted from full compliance with those standards at the discretion of the
Administration, having due regard to the

recommended criteria which the
Organization might adopt in connection with the standards concerned

(s) A rigidly connected composite
unit of a pushing vessel and associated pushed vessel, when designed as a
dedicated and integrated tug and barge combination, shall be regarded as a
single ship for the purpose of this Regulation.

(t) If the application of the
requirements of this Regulation necessitates structural alterations to a ship
constructed before 1 September 1984, the Administration may allow extension of
the time limit for fitting the required equipment not

later than 1 September 1989, taking
into account the first scheduled dry-docking of such a ship required by the
present Regulations.

(u) Except as provided elsewhere in
this Regulation, the Administration may grant to individual ships exemptions of
a partial or conditional nature, when any such ship is engaged on a voyage
where the maximum distance of the ship from

the shore, the length and nature of
the voyage, the absence of general navigation hazards, and other conditions
affecting safety are such as to render the full application of this regulation
unreasonable or unnecessary. When deciding

whether or not to grant exemptions to
an individual ship, the Administration shall have regard to the effect that an
exemption may have upon the safety of all other ships.

Title SOLAS 1999/2000 Amend / Chapter V (Reg.1~35) / Reg. 12

Effective Date 1-7-2002

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-7-2002

Retroactive Retroactive Requirement for Existing Ships.

Note Issues relating to Contracting Government

Regulation
12

Vessel
traffic services

1 Vessel traffic services (VTS)
contribute to safety of life at sea, safety and efficiency of navigation and
protection of the marine environment, adjacent shore areas, work sites and
offshore installations from possible adverse effects of

maritime traffic.

2 Contracting Governments undertake
to arrange for the establishment of VTS where, in their opinion, the volume of
traffic or the degree of risk justifies such services.

3 Contracting Governments planning
and implementing VTS shall, wherever possible, follow the guidelines developed
by the Organization* . The use of VTS may only be made mandatory in sea areas
within the territorial seas of a coastal

State.

* Refer to the Guidelines on Vessel
Traffic Services, adopted by the Organization by resolution
A.857(20).

4 Contracting Governments shall
endeavour to secure the participation in, and compliance with, the provisions
of vessel traffic services by ships entitled to fly their flag.

5 Nothing in this regulation or the
guidelines adopted by the Organization shall prejudice the rights and duties of
Governments under international law or the legal regimes of straits used for
international navigation and archipelagic sea

lanes.

Title SOLAS 1999/2000 Amend / Chapter V (Reg.1~35) / Reg. 13

Effective Date 1-7-2002

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-7-2002

Retroactive Retroactive Requirement for Existing Ships.

Note Issues relating to Contracting Government

Regulation
13

Establishment
and operation of aids to navigation

1 Each Contracting Government
undertakes to provide, as it deems practical and necessary either individually
or in co-operation with other Contracting Governments, such aids to navigation
as the volume of traffic justifies and the degree of

risk requires.

2 In order to obtain the greatest
possible uniformity in aids to navigation, Contracting Governments undertake to
take into account the international recommendations and guidelines* when
establishing such aids

* Refer to the appropriate
recommendations and guidelines of IALA and SN/ Circ.107 – Maritime Buoyage
System.

3 Contracting Governments undertake
to arrange for information relating to aids to navigation to be made available
to all concerned. Changes in the transmissions of position-fixing systems which
could adversely affect the performance of

receivers fitted in ships shall be
avoided as far as possible and only be effected after timely and adequate
notice has been promulgated.

Title SOLAS 2012 Amend / Chapter V / Reg. 14

Effective Date 1-1-2014

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-1-2014

Retroactive Retroactive Requirement for Existing Ships.

Regulation
14

Ships’
manning

1 Contracting Governments undertake,
each for its national ships, to maintain, or, if it is necessary, to adopt,
measures for the purpose of ensuring that, from the point of view of safety of
life at sea, all ships shall be sufficiently and

efficiently manned.*

* Refer to the Principles of Safe
Manning adopted by the Organization by resolution
A.1047(27).

2 For every ship to which chapter I
applies, the Administration shall: ( Replaced by
Res.MSC.325(90))

.1 establish appropriate minimum safe
manning following a transparent procedure, taking into account the relevant
guidance adopted by the Organization*; and

* Refer to the Principles of
minimum safe manning, adopted by the Organization by
resolution A.1047(27).

.2 issue an appropriate minimum safe
manning document or equivalent as evidence of the minimum safe manning
considered necessary to comply with the provisions of paragraph 1.

3 On all ships, to ensure effective
crew performance in safety matters, a working language shall be established and
recorded in the ship’s log-book. The company, as defined in regulation IX/1, or
the master, as appropriate, shall determine

the appropriate working language.
Each seafarer shall be required to understand and, where appropriate, give
orders and instructions and to report back in that language. If the working
language is not an official language of the State whose

flag the ship is entitled to fly, all
plans and lists required to be posted shall include a translation into the
working language.

4 On ships to which chapter I
applies, English shall be used on the bridge as the working language for
bridge-to-bridge and bridge-to-shore safety communications as well as for
communications on board between the pilot and bridge

watchkeeping personnel* , unless
those directly involved in the communication speak a common language other than
English.

* The IMO Standard Marine
Communications Phrases
(resolution A.918(22))as amended, may be used in this respect.

Title SOLAS 1999/2000 Amend / Chapter V / Reg. 15

Effective Date 1-7-2002

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-7-2002

Retroactive Retroactive Requirement for Existing Ships.

Regulation
15

Principles
relating to bridge design, design and arrangement of navigational systems and
equipment and bridge procedures

All decisions which are made for the
purpose of applying the requirements of regulations 19, 22, 24, 25, 27, and 28
of this chapter and which affect bridge design, the design and arrangement of
navigational systems and equipment on the

bridge and bridge procedures** shall
be taken with the aim of:

** Refer to Guidelines on ergonomic
criteria for bridge equipment and layout (
MSC/Circ.982) and Guidelines for bridge
equipment and systems, their arrangement and integration (BES) (SN.1/Circ.288)
and, for INS, to Recommendation

on performance standards for an
integrated navigational system (
resolution
MSC.86(70)
, annex 3 as amended).

.1 facilitating the tasks to be
performed by the bridge team and the pilot in making full appraisal of the
situation and in navigating the ship safely under all operational conditions;

.2 promoting effective and safe
bridge resource management;

.3 enabling the bridge team and the
pilot to have convenient and continuous access to essential information which
is presented in a clear and unambiguous manner, using standardized symbols and
coding systems for controls and

displays;

.4 indicating the operational status
of automated functions and integrated components, systems and/or sub-systems;

.5 allowing for expeditious,
continuous and effective information processing and decision-making by the
bridge team and the pilot;

.6 preventing or minimizing excessive
or unnecessary work and any conditions or distractions on the bridge which may
cause fatigue or interfere with the vigilance of the bridge team and the pilot;
and

.7 minimizing the risk of human error
and detecting such error if it occurs, through monitoring and alarm systems, in
time for the bridge team and the pilot to take appropriate action.

Title SOLAS 1999/2000 Amend / Chapter V (Reg.1~35) / Reg. 16

Effective Date 1-7-2002

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-7-2002

Retroactive Retroactive Requirement for Existing Ships.

Regulation
16

Maintenance
of equipment

1 The Administration shall be satisfied
that adequate arrangements are in place to ensure that the performance of the
equipment required by this chapter is maintained.

2 Except as provided in regulations
I/7(b)(ii), I/8 and I/9, while all reasonable steps shall be taken to maintain
the equipment required by this chapter in efficient working order, malfunctions
of that equipment shall not be considered as

making the ship unseaworthy or as a
reason for delaying the ship in ports where repair facilities are not readily
available, provided suitable arrangements are made by the master to take the
inoperative equipment or unavailable information

into account in planning and
executing a safe voyage to a port where repairs can take place.

Title SOLAS 1999/2000 Amend / Chapter V (Reg.1~35) / Reg. 17

Effective Date 1-7-2002

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-7-2002

Regulation
17

Electromagnetic
compatibility

IACS UI SC 194

1 Administrations shall ensure that
all electrical and electronic equipment on the bridge or in the vicinity of the
bridge, on ships constructed on or after 1 July 2002, is tested for
electromagnetic compatibility taking into account the

recommendations developed by the
Organization.*

* Refer to the General requirements
for Electromagnetic Compatibility for all Electrical and Electronic Ship’s
Equipment adopted by the Organization by resolution
A.813(19).

2 Electrical and electronic equipment
shall be so installed that electromagnetic interference does not affect the
proper function of navigational systems and equipment.

3 Portable electrical and electronic
equipment shall not be operated on the bridge if it may affect the proper
function of navigational systems and equipment.

Title SOLAS 1981 Amend / Chapter V (Reg.1~21) / Reg. 18

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-9-1984

Invalid from 1-9-1984

Regulation
18

VHF
Radiotelephone

The existing text of this Regulation
is deleted(see Regulation IV/4-1(b)

Title SOLAS 2010 Amend / Chapter V / Reg. 18

Effective Date 1-7-2012

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-7-2012

Retroactive Retroactive Requirement for Existing Ships.

Regulation
18

Approval,
surveys and performance standards of navigational systems and equipment and
voyage data recorder

1 Systems and equipment required to
meet the requirements of regulations 19 and 20 shall be of a type approved by
the Administration.

2 Systems and equipment, including
associated back-up arrangements, where applicable, installed on or after 1 July
2002 to perform the functional requirements of regulations 19 and 20 shall
conform to appropriate performance standards

not inferior to those adopted by the
Organization.*

* Refer to the following
recommendations adopted by the Organization by the resolutions indicated:

Recommendations on general
requirements for shipborne radio equipment forming part of the Global maritime
Distress and safety System(GMDSS) and for Electronic Navigation Aids
(resolution
A.694(17));

Recommendation on performance
standards for gyro-compasses (resolution
A.424(XI));

Recommendation on performance
standards for radar equipment (resolution
MSC.64(67), annex 4);

Revised Recommendation on
performance standards for radar equipment (resolution
MSC.192(79))

Performance standards for automatic
radar plotting aids (resolution
A.823(19));

Recommendation on performance
standards for Electronic Chart Display and Information Systems (ECDIS)
(resolution
A.817(19)), as amended by resolution MSC.64(67), annex 5 and MSC.86(70), annex 4, as appropriate;

Recommendation on worldwide
radionavigation system (resolution
A.1046(27));

Recommendation on performance
standards for shipborne Loran-C and Chayka receivers (resolution
A.818(19));

Recommendation on performance
standards for shipborne global positioning system receiver equipment
(resolution
A.819(19)) as amended resolution MSC.112(73);

Recommendation on performance
standards for shipborne GLONASS receiver equipment (resolution
MSC.53(66)) as amended resolution MSC.113(73);

Recommendation on performance
standards for shipborne DGPS and DGLONASS maritime radio beacon receiver
equipment (resolution
MSC.64(67), annex 2) as amended resolution MSC.114(73);

Recommendation on performance
standards for combined GPS/ GLONASS receiver equipment (resolution
MSC.74(69), annex 1) as amended resolution MSC.115(73);

Recommendation on performance
standards for heading control systems(resolution
MSC.64(67), annex 3)

Recommendation on performance
standards for track control systems(resolution
MSC.74(69), annex 2);

Recommendation on performance
standards for a universal shipborne automatic identification system (AIS) (Res.
MSC.74(69), annex 3);

Guidelines on annual testing of the
automatic identification system (AIS) (
MSC.1/Circ.1252);

Recommendation on performance
standards for echo-sounding equipment (resolution
A.224(VII), as amended by MSC.74(69), annex 4);

Recommendation on performance
standards for devices to indicate speed and distance (
resolution A.824(19), as amended);

Performance standards for
rate-of-turn indicators (resolution
A.526(13));

Recommendation on unification of
performance standards for navigational equipment (resolution
A.575(14));

Recommendation on methods of
measuring noise levels at listening posts (resolution
A.343(IX));

Recommendation on Performance
standards for Radar Reflectors (resolution
A.384(X)), as amended by resolution MSC.164(78)

Recommendation on Performance
standards for magnetic compasses (resolution
A.382(X)).

Recommendation on Performance
standards for daylight signalling lamp(resolution
MSC.95(72)).

Recommendation on Performance
standards for sound reception system(resolution
MSC.86(70),annex 1).

Recommendation on Performance
standards for marine transmitting magnetic heading devices (TMHDs)(resolution
MSC.86(70), annex 2).

Recommendation on Performance
standards for voyage data recorders(VDRs)(resolution
A.861(20)) as amended by resolution MSC.214(81)).

Recommendation on Performance
standards for marine transmitting heading devices (THDs)(resolution
MSC.116(73)).

Performance standards for a bridge
navigational watch alarm system (BNWAS) (resolution
MSC.128(75))

3 When systems and equipment are
replaced or added to on ships constructed before 1 July 2002, such navigational
systems and equipment shall, in so far as is reasonable and practicable, comply
with the requirements of paragraph 2.

4 Systems and equipment installed
prior to the adoption of performance standards by the Organization may
subsequently be exempted from full compliance with such standards at the
discretion of the Administration, having due regard to

the recommended criteria adopted by
the Organization. However, for an electronic chart display and information
system (ECDIS) to be accepted as satisfying the chart carriage requirement of
regulation 19.2.1.4, that system shall conform

to the relevant performance standards
not inferior to those adopted by the Organization in effect on the date of
installation, or, for systems installed before 1 January 1999, not inferior to
the performance standards adopted by the

Organization on 23 November 1995 *.

* Refer to the Recommendation on
performance standards for shipborne simplified voyage data recorders (S-VDRs)
(resolution
MSC.163(78)), as amended), Revised performance standards for elctronic chart
display and information

systems (ECDIS) (resolution A.817(19)), as amended), and Revised
performance standards and functional requirements for the long-range
identification and tracking of ships (resolution
MSC.263(84) as amended).

5 The Administration shall require
that the manufacturers have a quality control system audited by a competent
authority to ensure continuous compliance with the type approval conditions.
Alternatively, the Administration may use final

product verification procedures where
the compliance with the type approval certificate is verified by a competent
authority before the product is installed on board ships.

6 Before giving approval to systems
or equipment embodying new features not covered by this chapter, the
Administration shall ensure that such features support functions at least as
effective as those required by this chapter.

7 When equipment for which
performance standards have been developed by the Organization, is carried on
ships in addition to those items of equipment required by regulations 19 and
20, such equipment shall be subject to approval and

shall as far as practicable comply
with performance standards not inferior to those adopted by the Organization.

8 The voyage data recorder system,
including, all sensors, shall be subjected to an annual performance test. The
test shall be conducted by an approved testing or servicing facility to verify
the accuracy, duration and recoverability of the

recorded data. In addition, tests and
inspections shall be conducted to determine the serviceability of all
protective enclosures and devices fitted to aid location. A copy of the
certificate of compliance issued by the testing facility, stating the

date of compliance and the applicable
performance standards, shall be retained on board the ship.

9 The automatic identification system
(AIS) shall be subjected to an annual test. The test shall be conducted by an
approved surveyor or an approved testing or servicing facility. The test shall
verify the correct programming of the ship

static information, correct data
exchange with connected sensors as well as verifying the radio performance by
radio frequency measurement and on-air test using, e.g., a Vessel Traffic
Service (VTS). A copy of the test report shall be

retained on board the ship. ( Added
by
Res.MSC.308(88))

Title SOLAS 1999/2000 Amend / Chapter V (Reg.1~35) / Reg. 19.1.1

Effective Date 1-7-2002

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-7-2002

Regulation
19

Carriage
requirements for shipborne navigational systems and equipment

1. Application and requirements

Subject to the provisions of
regulation 1.4:

1.1 Ships constructed on or after 1
July 2002 shall be fitted with navigational systems and equipment which will
fulfil the requirements prescribed in paragraphs 2.1 to 2.9.

Title SOLAS 2013 Amend / Chapter V / Reg. 19.1.3

Effective Date 1-1-2015

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-1-2015

1.3 Administrations may exempt ships
from the application of the requirement of paragraph 1.2.4 when such ships will
be taken permanently out of service within two years after the implementation
date specified in subparagraphs

1.2.4.1 to 1.2.4.4. ( Added by Res.MSC.350(92))

Title SOLAS 2009 Amend / Chapter V / Reg. 19.2.1

Effective Date 1-1-2011

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-7-2002

Note Reg.19.2.1 shall apply only to ships constructed on or after 1
July 2002, except that Reg.19.2.1.6 shall also apply to ships constructed
before 1 July 2002.

2 Shipborne navigational equipment
and systems

2.1 All ships irrespective of size
shall have:

.1 a properly adjusted standard
magnetic compass, or other means, independent of any power supply to determine
the ship’s heading and display the reading at the main steering position;

.2 a pelorus or compass bearing
device, or other means, independent of any power supply to take bearings over
an arc of the horizon of 360 degrees

.3 means of correcting heading and
bearings to true at all times;

.4 nautical charts and nautical publications
to plan and display the ship’s route for the intended voyage and to plot and
monitor positions throughout the voyage. An electronic chart display and
information system (ECDIS) is also

accepted as meeting the chart
carriage requirements of this subparagraph. Ships to which paragraph 2.10
applies shall comply with the carriage requirements for ECDIS detailed therein;
( Replaced by
Res.MSC.282(86))

Refer to MSC.1/Circ.1496 Unified Interpretation on the
Appendix to the SOLAS Convention regarding the records of equipment concerning
Nautical Charts and ECDIS

.5 back-up arrangements to meet the
functional requirements of subparagraph.4, if this function is partly or fully
fulfilled by electronic means; *

* An appropriate folio of paper
nautical charts may be used as a back-up arrangement for ECDIS. Other back-up
arrangements for ECDIS are acceptable (see appendix 6 to
resolution A.817(19), as amended).

.6 a receiver for a global navigation
satellite system or a terrestrial radionavigation system, or other means,
suitable for use at all times throughout the intended voyage to establish and
update the ship’s position by automatic means;

.7 if less than 150 gross tonnage and
if practicable, a radar reflector, or other means, to enable detection by ships
navigating by radar at both 9 and 3 GHz;

.8 when the ship’s bridge is totally
enclosed and unless the Administration determines otherwise, a sound reception
system, or other means, to enable the officer in charge of the navigational
watch to hear sound signals and determine

their direction;

.9 a telephone, or other means, to
communicate heading information to the emergency steering position, if
provided.

Title SOLAS 1999/2000 Amend / Chapter V (Reg.1~35) / Reg. 19.2.2.1

Effective Date 1-7-2002

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-7-2002

2.2 All ships of 150 gross tonnage
and upwards and passenger ships irrespective of size shall, in addition to the
requirements of paragraph 2.1, be fitted with:

.1 a spare magnetic compass
interchangeable with the magnetic compass, as referred to in paragraph 2.1.1,
or other means to perform the function referred to in paragraph 2.1.1 by means
of replacement or duplicate equipment;

Refer to the IACS UI SC203 Carriage requirements for shipborne
navigational systems and equipment

Refer to the MSC.1/Circ.1224 UNIFIED INTERPRETATIONS OF SOLAS
CHAPTER V

Title SOLAS 1999/2000 Amend / Chapter V (Reg.1~35) / Reg. 19.2.2.2

Effective Date 1-7-2002

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-7-2002

.2 a signalling daylight lamp, or
other means to communicate by light during day and night using an energy source
of electrical power not solely dependent upon the ship’s power supply.

Title SOLAS 2009 Amend / Chapter V / Reg. 19.2.2.3

Effective Date 1-1-2011

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-7-2002

Note This regulation should apply to the ships constructed on or after
1 July 2002 in accordance with Reg. 19.1.1. For ships constructed before 1 July
2002, Reg. 19.1.2

should be applicable.

.3 a bridge navigational watch alarm
system (BNWAS), as follows: ( Added by
Res.MSC.282(86))

.1 cargo ships of 150 gross tonnage
and upwards and passenger ships irrespective of size constructed on or after 1
July 2011;

.2 passenger ships irrespective of size
constructed before 1 July 2011, not later than the first survey* after 1 July
2012;

.3 cargo ships of 3,000 gross tonnage
and upwards constructed before 1 July 2011, not later than the first survey*
after 1 July 2012;

.4 cargo ships of 500 gross tonnage
and upwards but less than 3,000 gross tonnage constructed before 1 July 2011,
not later than the first survey* after 1 July 2013; and

.5 cargo ships of 150 gross tonnage
and upwards but less than 500 gross tonnage constructed before 1 July 2011, not
later than the first survey* after 1 July 2014.

The bridge navigational watch alarm
system shall be in operation whenever the ship is underway at sea;

* Refer to the Unified
interpretation of the term “first survey” referred to in SOLAS
regulations (
MSC.1/Circ.1290).

Title SOLAS 2009 Amend / Chapter V / Reg. 19.2.2.4

Effective Date 1-1-2011

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-7-2002

Retroactive Retroactive Requirement for Existing Ships.

.4 a bridge navigational watch alarm
system (BNWAS) installed prior to 1 July 2011 may subsequently be exempted from
full compliance with the standards adopted by the Organization, at the
discretion of the Administration. (

Added by Res.MSC.282(86))

Title SOLAS 1999/2000 Amend / Chapter V (Reg.1~35) / Reg. 19.2.3

Effective Date 1-7-2002

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-7-2002

2.3 All ships of 300 gross tonnage
and upwards and passenger ships irrespective of size shall, in addition to
meeting the requirements of paragraph 2.2, be fitted with:

.1 an echo sounding device, or other
electronic means, to measure and display the available depth of water;

.2 a 9 GHz radar, or other means to
determine and display the range and bearing of radar transponders and of other
surface craft, obstructions, buoys, shorelines and navigational marks to assist
in navigation and in collision

avoidance;

.3 an electronic plotting aid, or
other means, to plot electronically the range and bearing of targets to
determine collision risk;

.4 speed and distance measuring
device, or other means, to indicate speed and distance through the water;

Refer to MSC.1/Circ.1429 CLARIFICATION OF SOLAS REGULATIONS
V/19.2.3.4 AND V/19.2.9.2

.5 a properly adjusted transmitting
heading device, or other means to transmit heading information for input to the
equipment referred to in paragraphs 2.3.2, 2.3.3 and 2.4.

Title SOLAS 2001-2003 Amend / Chapter V (Reg.1~35) / Reg. 19.2.4

Effective Date 1-7-2004

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-7-2004

Retroactive Retroactive Requirement for Existing Ships.

Note Retroactive requirements of AIS to existing ships were amended
here

2.4 All ships of 300 gross tonnage
and upwards engaged on international voyages and cargo ships of 500 gross
tonnage and upwards not engaged on international voyages and passenger ships
irrespective of size shall be fitted with an

automatic identification system
(AIS), as follows:

.1 ships constructed on or after 1
July 2002;

.2 ships engaged on international
voyages constructed before 1 July 2002:

.2.1 in the case of passenger ships,
not later than 1 July 2003;

.2.2 in the case of tankers, not
later than the first survey* for safety equipment** on or after 1 July 2003;
IACS UI SC 171, MSC/Circ.1141

* Refer to MSC.1/Circ.1290 on the Unified interpretation of
the term ‘first survey’ referred to in SOLAS regulations

** Refer to regulation I/8.

.2.3 in the case of ships, other than
passenger ships and tankers, of 50,000 gross tonnage and upwards, not later
than 1 July 2004;

.2.4 in the case of ships, other than
passenger ships and tankers, of 300 gross tonnage and upwards but less than
50,000 gross tonnage, not later than the first safety equipment survey*1 after
1 July 2004 or by 31 December

2004, whichever occurs earlier; and.

*1 The first safety equipment survey
means the first annual survey the first periodical survey or the first renewal
survey for safety equipment, whichever is due first after 1 July 2004 and, in
addition, in the case of ships under

construction, the initial survey.

.3 ships not engaged on international
voyages constructed before 1 July 2002, not later than 1 July 2008.

.4 The Administration may exempt
ships from the application of the requirements of this paragraph when such
ships will be taken permanently out of service within two years after the
implementation date specified in subparagraphs .2

and .3.

.5 AIS shall:

.1 provide automatically to
appropriately equipped shore stations, other ships and aircraft information,
including the ship’s identity, type, position, course, speed, navigational
status and other safety-related information;

.2 receive automatically such
information from similarly fitted ships;

.3 monitor and track ships; and

.4 exchange data with shore-based
facilities.

.6 The requirements of paragraph
2.4.5 shall not be applied to cases where international agreements, rules or
standards provide for the protection of navigational information; and

.7 AIS shall be operated taking into
account the guidelines adopted by the Organization. *

* Refer to the Guidelines for the
on-board operational use of shipborne Automatic Identification Systems (AIS)
adopted by the Organization by resolution
A.917(22) , as amended by resolution A.956(23).

Ships fitted with AIS shall maintain
AIS in operation at all times except where international agreements, rules or
standards provide for the protection of navigational information.

Title SOLAS 2004 Amend / Chapter V / Reg. 19.2.5

Effective Date 1-7-2006

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-7-2006

Note This regulation enters into force on 1 July 2006.

2.5 All ships of 500 gross tonnage
and upwards shall, in addition to meeting the requirements of paragraph 2.3
with the exception of paragraphs 2.3.3 and 2.3.5, and the requirements of
paragraph 2.4, have:

.1 a gyro compass, or other means, to
determine and display their heading by shipborne non-magnetic means, being
clearly readable by the helmsman at the main steering position. These means
shall also transmit heading

information for input to the
equipment referred in paragraphs 2.3.2, 2.4 and 2.5.5; ( Replaced by
Res.MSC.170(79))

Refer to the IACS UI SC203 Carriage requirements for shipborne
navigational systems and equipment

.2 a gyro compass heading repeater,
or other means, to supply heading information visually at the emergency
steering position if provided;

.3 a gyro compass bearing repeater,
or other means, to take bearings, over an arc of the horizon of 360 degrees
using the gyro compass or other means referred to in subparagraph .1. However
ships less than 1,600 gross tonnage

shall be fitted with such means as
far as possible;

.4 rudder, propeller, thrust, pitch
and operational mode indicators, or other means to determine and display rudder
angle, propeller revolutions, the force and direction of thrust and, if
applicable, the force and direction of lateral thrust

and the pitch and operational mode,
all to be readable from the conning position; and

.5 an automatic tracking aid, or
other means, to plot automatically the range and bearing of other targets to
determine collision risk.

Title SOLAS 1999/2000 Amend / Chapter V (Reg.1~35) / Reg. 19.2.6

Effective Date 1-7-2002

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-7-2002

2.6 On all ships of 500 gross tonnage
and upwards, failure of one piece of equipment should not reduce the ship’s
ability to meet the requirements of paragraphs 2.1.1, 2.1.2 and 2.1.4

Title SOLAS 1999/2000 Amend / Chapter V (Reg.1~35) / Reg. 19.2.7

Effective Date 1-7-2002

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-7-2002

2.7 All ships of 3000 gross tonnage
and upwards shall, in addition to meeting the requirements of paragraph 2.5,
have:

.1 a 3 GHz radar or where considered
appropriate by the Administration a second 9 GHz radar, or other means to
determine and display the range and bearing of other surface craft,
obstructions, buoys, shorelines and navigational

marks to assist in navigation and in
collision avoidance, which are functionally independent of those referred to in
paragraph 2.3.2; and

.2 a second automatic tracking aid,
or other means to plot automatically the range and bearing of other targets to
determine collision risk which are functionally independent of those referred
to in paragraph 2.5.5.

Title SOLAS 1999/2000 Amend / Chapter V (Reg.1~35) / Reg. 19.2.8

Effective Date 1-7-2002

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-7-2002

2.8 All ships of 10,000 gross tonnage
and upwards shall, in addition to meeting the requirements of paragraph 2.7
with the exception of paragraph 2.7.2, have:

.1 an automatic radar plotting aid,
or other means, to plot automatically the range and bearing of at least 20
other targets, connected to a device to indicate speed and distance through the
water, to determine collision risks and

simulate a trial manoeuvre; and

.2 a heading or track control system,
or other means, to automatically control and keep to a heading and/or straight
track.

Title SOLAS 1999/2000 Amend / Chapter V (Reg.1~35) / Reg. 19.2.9

Effective Date 1-7-2002

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-7-2002

2.9 All ships of 50,000 gross tonnage
and upwards shall, in addition to meeting the requirements of paragraph 2.8,
have:

.1 a rate of turn indicator, or other
means, to determine and display the rate of turn; and

.2 a speed and distance measuring
device, or other means, to indicate speed and distance over the ground in the
forward and athwartships direction.

Refer to MSC.1/Circ.1429 CLARIFICATION OF SOLAS REGULATIONS
V/19.2.3.4 AND V/19.2.9.2

Title SOLAS 2009 Amend / Chapter V / Reg. 19.2.10

Effective Date 1-1-2011

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-1-2011

Retroactive Retroactive Requirement for Existing Ships.

Note The regulation amended by Res.MSC.282(86) enters into force on 1
Jan 2011.

2.10 Ships engaged on international
voyages shall be fitted with an Electronic Chart Display and Information System
(ECDIS) as follows: ( This paragraph is newly added by
Res.MSC.282(86))

.1 passenger ships of 500 gross
tonnage and upwards constructed on or after 1 July 2012;

.2 tankers of 3,000 gross tonnage and
upwards constructed on or after 1 July 2012;

.3 cargo ships, other than tankers,
of 10,000 gross tonnage and upwards constructed on or after 1 July 2013;

.4 cargo ships, other than tankers,
of 3,000 gross tonnage and upwards but less than 10,000 gross tonnage
constructed on or after 1 July 2014;

.5 passenger ships of 500 gross
tonnage and upwards constructed before 1 July 2012, not later than the first
survey* on or after 1 July 2014;

.6 tankers of 3,000 gross tonnage and
upwards constructed before 1 July 2012, not later than the first survey* on or
after 1 July 2015;

.7 cargo ships, other than tankers,
of 50,000 gross tonnage and upwards constructed before 1 July 2013, not later
than the first survey* on or after 1 July 2016;

.8 cargo ships, other than tankers,
of 20,000 gross tonnage and upwards but less than 50,000 gross tonnage constructed
before 1 July 2013, not later than the first survey* on or after 1 July 2017;
and

.9 cargo ships, other than tankers,
of 10,000 gross tonnage and upwards but less than 20,000 gross tonnage
constructed before 1 July 2013, not later than the first survey* on or after 1
July 2018.

* Refer to the Unified
interpretation of the term “first survey” referred to in SOLAS
regulations (
MSC.1/Circ.1290).

Title SOLAS 2009 Amend / Chapter V / Reg. 19.2.11

Effective Date 1-1-2011

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-1-2011

Retroactive Retroactive Requirement for Existing Ships.

Note The regulation amended by Res.MSC.282(86) enters into force on 1
Jan 2011.

2.11 Administrations may exempt ships
from the application of the requirements of paragraph 2.10 when such ships will
be taken permanently out of service within two years after the implementation
date specified in subparagraphs .5 to

.9 of paragraph 2.10. ( Added by Res.MSC.282(86))

Title SOLAS 1999/2000 Amend / Chapter V (Reg.1~35) / Reg. 19.3

Effective Date 1-7-2002

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-7-2002

Retroactive Retroactive Requirement for Existing Ships.

3 When “other means” are
permitted under this regulation, such means must be approved by Administration
in accordance with regulation 18.

Title SOLAS 1999/2000 Amend / Chapter V (Reg.1~35) / Reg. 19.4

Effective Date 1-7-2002

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-7-2002

4 The navigational equipment and
systems referred to in this regulation shall be so installed, tested and maintained
as to minimize malfunction.

Title SOLAS 1999/2000 Amend / Chapter V (Reg.1~35) / Reg. 19.5

Effective Date 1-7-2002

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-7-2002

5 Navigational equipment and systems
offering alternative modes of operation shall indicate the actual mode of use.

Title SOLAS 1999/2000 Amend / Chapter V (Reg.1~35) / Reg. 19.6

Effective Date 1-7-2002

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-7-2002

6 Integrated bridge systems* shall be
so arranged that failure of one sub-system is brought to immediate attention of
the officer in charge of the navigational watch by audible and visual alarms,
and does not cause failure to any other subsystem.

In case of failure in one part of an
integrated navigational system,** it shall be possible to operate each other
individual item of equipment or part of the system separately.

* Refer to resolution MSC.64(67), annex 1 – Performance standard for
Integrated bridge systems.

** Refer to resolution MSC.86(70) as amended by resolution MSC.252(83), annex 3 – Performance standard
for Integrated navigational systems.

Title SOLAS 2006 Amend / Chapter V / Reg. 19-1

Effective Date 1-1-2008

For Ships Constructed On or after 1-1-2008

Retroactive Retroactive Requirement for Existing Ships.

Note This regulation enters into force on 1 January 2008.

Regulation
19-1

Long-range
identification and tracking of ships*

*Refer to MSC.1/Circ.1298 on Guidance on the implementation
of the LRIT system, as it may be revised.

1 Nothing in this regulation or the
provisions of performance standards and functional requirements* adopted
by the Organization in relation to the long-range identification and tracking
of ships shall prejudice the rights, jurisdiction or

obligations of States under
international law, in particular, the legal regimes of the high seas, the
exclusive economic zone, the contiguous zone, the territorial seas or the
straits used for international navigation and archipelagic sea lanes.

* Refer to the Revised performance standards and functional
requirements for the long-range identification and tracking of ships, adopted
by the Maritime Safety Committee of the Organization by
resolution MSC.263(84), as it may be

revised.

2.1 Subject to the provisions of
paragraphs 4.1 and 4.2, this regulation shall apply to the following types of
ships* engaged on international voyages:

*Refer to MSC.1/Circ.1295 on Guidance in relation to certain
types of ships which are required to transmit LRIT information on exemptions
and equivalent and on certain operation matters, as it may be revised.

.1 passenger ships, including
high-speed passenger craft;

.2 cargo ships, including high-speed
craft, of 300 gross tonnage** and upwards; and

** The gross tonnage to be used for determining whether a cargo
ship or high-speed craft is required to comply with the provisions of this
regulation shall be that determined under the provisions of the International
Convention on

Tonnage Measurement of Ships, 1969
irrespective of the date on which the ship or high-speed craft has been or is
being constructed.

.3 mobile offshore drilling units.

2.2 The term “ship”, when used in
paragraphs 3 to 11.2, includes the passenger and cargo ships, the high-speed
craft and the mobile offshore drilling units which are subject to the
provisions of this regulation.

3 This regulation establishes
provisions to enable Contracting Governments to undertake the long-range
identification and tracking of ships.

4.1 Ships* shall be fitted with a
system to automatically transmit the information specified in paragraph 5 as
follows:

*Refer to MSC.1/Circ.1307 on Guidance on the survey and
certification of compliance of ships with the requirement to transmit LRIT
information, as it may be revised.

.1 ships constructed on or after 31
December 2008;

.2 ships constructed before 31
December 2008 and certified for operations:

.1 in sea areas A1 and A2, as defined
in regulations IV/2.1.12 and IV/2.1.13; or

.2 in sea areas Al, A2 and A3, as
defined in regulations IV/2.1.12, IV/2.1.13 and IV/2.1.14;

not later than the first survey* of
the radio installation after 31 December 2008;

.3 ships constructed before 31
December 2008 and certified for operations in sea areas Al, A2, A3 and A4, as
defined in regulations IV/2.1.12, IV/2.1.13, IV/2.1.14 and IV/2.1.15, not later
than the first survey* of the radio installation

after 1 July 2009. However, these
ships shall comply with the provisions of subparagraph .2 above whilst they
operate within sea areas A1, A2 and A3.

*Refer to MSC.1/Circ.1290 on the Unified interpretation of
the term ‘first survey’ referred to in SOLAS regulations

4.2 Ships, irrespective of the date
of construction, fitted with an automatic identification system (AIS), as
defined in regulation 19.2.4, and operated exclusively within sea area A1, as
defined in regulation IV/2.1.12, shall not be required to

comply with the provisions of this
regulation.

5 Subject to the provisions of
paragraph 4.1, ships shall automatically transmit the following long-range
identification and tracking information:

.1 the identity of the ship;

.2 the position of the ship (latitude
and longitude); and

.3 the date and time of the position
provided.

6 Systems and equipment used to meet
the requirements of this regulation shall conform to performance standards and
functional requirements*** not inferior to those adopted by the
Organization. Any shipboard equipment shall be of a

type approved by the Administration.

*** Refer to the Revised performance standards and functional
requirements for the long-range identification and tracking of ships, adopted
by the Maritime Safety Committee of the Organization by
resolution MSC.263(84), as it may be

revised.

*** Refer to MSC.1/Circ.1259/Rev.5 on Technical
specifications for the international LRIT data exchange, as it may be revised.

7 Systems and equipment used to meet
the requirements of this regulation shall be capable of being switched off on
board or be capable of ceasing the distribution of long-range identification
and tracking information:

.1 where international agreements,
rules or standards provide for the protection of navigational information; or

.2 in exceptional circumstances and
for the shortest duration possible where the operation is considered by the
master to compromise the safety or security of the ship. In such a case, the
master shall inform the Administration without

undue delay and make an entry in the
record of navigational activities and incidents maintained in accordance with
regulation 28 setting out the reasons for the decision and indicating the
period during which the system or equipment

was switched off.

8.1 Subject to the provisions of
paragraphs 8.2 to 11.2, Contracting Governments shall be able to receive
long-range identification and tracking information about ships, for security
and other purposes* as agreed by the Organization, as

follows:

*Refer to resolution MSC.242(83) on Use of the long-range
identification and tracking information for maritime safety and marine environment
protection purpose, as it may be revised.

.1 the Administration shall be
entitled to receive such information about ships entitled to fly its flag
irresp